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“We have taken several important decisions associated with reforms and the government will continue to do so. Steps are also being taken to maintain the financial stability of the country and to increase investment and to speed up economic growth” ~ PM Narendra Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi led NDA government’s primary emphasis has been on accelerating growth through a series of reforms in various sectors of the economy. These reforms are giving impetus to the economic growth and are strengthening the development trajectory of the nation.  

Manufacturing Sector – Principal driver of Economic growth

Make in India is transforming India into a manufacturing hub covering 25 target sectors.

India is now the second-largest mobile phone producer in the world, thanks to ‘Make in India’. To get a sense of the phenomenal growth, there were only 2 mobile phone manufacturing units in 2014 and this expanded to 120 mobile phone manufacturing units in 2018. Recently, world’s largest mobile factory was inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi in Noida, which has a capacity of employing a large work-force in the single unit.

If we look at the number of mobile handsets produced, the manufacturing stride is enormous – from 6 crore mobiles manufactured in India in 2014, the number jumped to 22.5 crore mobile units in 2017-18. India made mobiles worth Rs. 1.32 lakh crore in 2017-18, a significant rise from Rs. 18,992 crore in 2014.

Make in India is creating employment opportunities and attracting record foreign direct investment. FDI increased to a record 61.96 billion US dollars in 2017-18. Increased investment means more jobs and more impetus to growth.

Helping hand to MSMEs

PM Narendra Modi led NDA government is committed towards strengthening MSME sector which employs millions of Indians and also has the potential to employ more.

PM Narendra Modi while talking about the importance of MSME and how MUDRA is benefitting the sector said –

"Through Mudra Yojana, the MSME sector is receiving a substantial impetus. MSME is a sector that is crucial for India's transformation and our government is undertaking a series of steps and reforms to facilitate further growth in the sector”

Launched in 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) was introduced to cater to entrepreneurs (mostly MSMEs) by providing them access to collateral-free bank loans.

Currently, more than 13 crore small MUDRA entrepreneurs have received capital of about Rs 6.2 lakh crore under MUDRA. Interestingly, about 3.49 crore new enterprises have been benefited in a span of 3 years. Also, more than 70 percent of the MUDRA beneficiaries are women. Giving a push to socio-economic empowerment of the underprivileged, more than 50 percent of MUDRA beneficiaries belong to the SC/ST/OBC sections of society.

With an intent to push the growth of medium-sized enterprises, companies which have an annual turnover of more than Rs 50 crores up-to 250 crores, will now have to pay corporate tax of 25 percent, lesser than the earlier rate of 30 percent.

Economic Reforms undertaken under NDA government

The reform driven approach of the NDA government caused a transformative change across sectors in the country. Numerous reforms undertaken in last 4 years include banking reforms, tax reforms, specific sector reforms and reforms ensuring ease of living for the common man.

Banking Reforms

NDA government introduced the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), to take care of the legacy issues like the ever-increasing NPAs. IBC is paving the way for debt resolutions and freeing the banking sector from NPAs, thereby improving the health of banks.

Re-capitalisation of PSBs through an infusion of Rs 2,11,000 crore to support credit growth and job creation is another major banking reform undertaken under the NDA government.

Also, NDA government approved the route through which amalgamation of various PSBs into a single entity can happen to further consolidation.

Tax Reforms

Passing of Goods and Service Act (GST) is one of the landmark tax-reforms undertaken by the NDA government. The government built a consensus around GST, took states into confidence, and GST was passed in 2017. It is successfully being implemented across the country.

With the rolling out of GST –

Small traders and consumers will be benefitted by the reduction of multiplicity of taxes. With no cascading effect and reduction in transport prices, the ultimate consumer will benefit from the lower prices.

A major emphasis of the NDA government has been on increasing tax compliance and widening the tax base. In last 4 years number of ITRs filed have seen a 80.5 percent jump from 3.79 crores filed in 2013-14 to 6.84 crores filed in 2017-18.

Specific Sector Reforms

Apart from banking and tax reforms, there have been reforms undertaken which would benefit specific sectors but would have effects across sectors in the economy.

Commercial coal mining has been opened to private players. Around 89 coal mines have been allocated to players through a transparent resource allocation process. Of these 89 coal mines, 31 have been allocated through e-auction and 58 have been allotted to Government Companies.

With the implementation of RERA – The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, home buyers are no longer at the whims of developers and their rights are strengthened and protected.

Labour Reforms

There have been multiple labour reforms undertaken in last 4 years of the NDA government which are making the lives of the employees across India hassle free and easier.

The unique UAN (Universal Account Number) allotted is saving the employees the hassle of running government offices for their PFs and ensures portability, even if they switch to multiple companies.

Shram Suvidha Portal and an affirmative amendment in the Payment of Wages act (2017) have ensured formalisation and increased minimum wages to the working class respectively.

Strong Economic Fundamentals and International recognition

The Indian economy, in last 4 years under the Narendra Modi led NDA government, has witnessed a strong growth trajectory and has improved on various international rankings.

India’s share in world GDP was 1.75 percent in 2005 and increased to 2.43 percent in 2013, in a span of 8 years. But India’s share in world’s GDP jumped by a similar proportion to 3.08 percent by 2017, in a span of just 4 years.

India's GDP grew by 8.2% in the first quarter of of the financial year 2018-19. It implies that India continues to grow faster than China. India’s forex reserves are also booming.

Apart from strong economic fundamentals, India touched several milestones in the last 4 years. Moodys upgraded India’s ranking to Baa3 from Baa2 for the first time in 14 years. India jumped to 100th rank in Ease of Doing business index rankings-2017 from 142 in 2014. With the accelerated growth seen through the government’s relentless reforms, India will remain the bright spot in the global economy.

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Infrastructure and connectivity act as arteries for development and growth of any nation. It is evident that infrastructure development has been given priority by the NDA government under PM Narendra Modi. For fulfilling the dream of New India, the NDA government is focussing on development of railways, roadways, waterways, aviation or affordable housing.

Railways

The Indian rail network is one of the largest railway networks in the world. The pace of track renewal, elimination of unmanned level crossings and commissioning of broad gauge lines has significantly improved during NDA government under PM Modi.

Railways recorded its best-ever safety record with less than 100 accidents in a year in 2017-18. Data reveals that 118 railway accidents were recorded in 2013-14 which have declined to 73 in 2017-18. 5,469 unmanned level crossings have been eliminated, with average pace of elimination at 20% more than that of 2009-14. All unmanned level crossings on broad gauge routes targeted to be eliminated by 2020 for better safety.

Bringing railways development on track, there is a 50% increase in track renewal, from 2,926 km during 2013-14 to 4,405 km during 2017-18. Broad gauge commissioned during 4 years of NDA government under PM Modi (9,528 km) is much greater than that commissioned during 2009-14 (7,600 km).

For the first time Northeast India is fully integrated with the rest of India with the entire network converted to broad gauge. It brought Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram on the rail map of India after 70 years of independence!

For developing New India, we need advanced technology too. The bullet train, planned from Mumbai to Ahmedabad, will reduce travel time from about 8 hrs to 2 hrs.

 

Aviation

Rapid progress is happening in civil aviation sector too. Promising affordable air travel under UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik), 25 operational airports have been added in just 4 years, as opposed to 75 airports between Independence and 2014. Regional air connectivity to unserved and underserved airports at subsidised fare of Rs 2,500 per hour has helped to fulfil dream of many Indians to travel by air. Thus, for the first time more people travelled in airplanes than in AC trains.

With passenger traffic growth in the range of 18-20% in the past three years, India has emerged as the world’s third largest aviation market. Number of domestic air passengers crossed 100 million in 2017.

 

Shipping

India is also taking rapid strides in the shipping sector under PM Narendra Modi’s government. Accelerating port-led development, the turn around time at major ports have been reduced by a third, from 94 hrs in 2013-14 to 64 hrs in 2017-18.

Consider the cargo traffic at major ports. It declined from 570.32 MT in 2010-11 to 545.79 MT in 2012-13. However, under the NDA government it improved to 679.367 MT during 2017-18, a whopping increase of more than 100 MT!

Inland waterways significantly reduce the transportation costs and boost the economy apart from reducing carbon foot print. 106 national waterways were added in the last 4 years compared to 5 national waterways in the last 30 years.

Road development

Expansion of highways with multi-modal integration has been taken up under transformative project Bharat Mala Pariyojana. National highway network expanded from 92,851 km in 2013-14 to 1,20,543 km in 2017-18.

Setu Bharatam project for safer roads, with total outlay of Rs. 20,800 crores, envisages building of railway overbridges or under passes to make all National Highways free of railway level crossings.

The pace of road construction has almost doubled. Speed of highways construction was 12 km per day during 2013-14 which stood at 27 km per day as of 2017-18.

 

Development of India’s longest ever tunnel, Chenani-Nashri, in Jammu as well as India’s longest bridge, Dhola-Sadiya, for enhanced connectivity to Arunachal Pradesh are testimony to the commitment to take development to hitherto untapped regions. Building of bridges over Narmada at Bharuch and Chambal at Kota have also improved road connectivity in the regions.

Roads act as catalysts for rural development. Considering its importance, almost 1.69 lakh kms of rural roads have been built in 4 years. Average speed of road construction improved from 69 km per day in 2013-14 to 134 km per day in 2017-18. Presently, rural road connectivity is more than 82%, as against 56% in 2014, making villages become a part of India’s development trajectory.

Tourism has immense potential for employment generation. To enhance pilgrimage experience along with a boost to the tourism sector, Char Dham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojana was launched. It seeks to make journey safer, faster and more convenient. It entails development of around 900 km of national highways at an approximate cost of Rs 12,000 crore.

With boost to the infrastructure, more movement of freight takes place and adds strength to the economy. Due to efforts of the NDA government, highest ever freight loading (1,160 MT) was recorded in the year 2017-18.

Urban transformation

For urban transformation through Smart Cities, around 100 urban centres have been chosen to ensure improved quality of living, sustained urban planning and development. Various development projects in these cities will positively impact almost 10 crore Indians. These projects will cost Rs. 2,01,979 crores.

Around 1 crore affordable houses have been built under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana in both rural and urban areas. To benefit the middle and neo middle classes, housing loans up to Rs 9 lakh and Rs 12 lakh are eligible for interest subvention of 4% and 3%.