The Government has replaced Planning Commission with a new institution named NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). The institution will serve as ‘Think Tank’ of the Government-a directional and policy dynamo. NITI Aayog will provide Governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy, this includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support.
The following is the full text of the Cabinet Resolution:-
Mahatma Gandhi had said: “Constant development is the law of life, and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas in order to appear consistent drives himself into a false position”. Reflecting this spirit and the changed dynamics of the new India, the institutions of governance and policy have to adapt to new challenges and must be built on the founding principles of the Constitution of India, the wealth of knowledge from our civilizational history and the present day socio-cultural context.
a. The industry and service sectors have developed and are operating on a global scale now. To build on this foundation, new India needs an administration paradigm in which the government is an “enabler” rather than a “provider of first and last resort”. The role of the government as a “player” in the industrial and service sectors has to be reduced. Instead, government has to focus on enabling legislation, policy making and regulation.
b. India’s traditional strength in agriculture has increased manifold on account of the efforts of our farmers and improvements in technology. We need to continue to improve, and move from pure food security to a focus on a mix of agricultural production as well as the actual returns that farmers get from their produce.
c. Today, we reside in a ‘global village’, connected by modern transport, communications and media, and networked international markets and institutions. As India ‘contributes’ to global endeavours, it is also influenced by happenings far removed from our borders. Global economics and geo-politics are getting increasingly integrated, and the private sector is growing in importance as a constituent within that. India needs to be an active player in the debates and deliberations on the global commons, especially in relatively uncharted areas.
d. India’s middle class is unique in terms of its size and purchasing power. This formidable group is increasing with the entry of the neo-middle class. It has been an important driver of growth and has enormous potential on account of its high education levels, mobility and willingness to push for change in the country. Our continuing challenge is to ensure that this economically vibrant group remains engaged and its potential is fully realised.
e. India’s pool of entrepreneurial, scientific and intellectual human capital is a source of strength waiting to be unleashed to help us attain unprecedented heights of success. In fact, the ‘social capital’ that is present in our people has been a major contributor to the development of the country thus far and, therefore, it needs to be leveraged through appropriate policy initiatives.
f. The Non-Resident Indian community, which is spread across more than 200 countries, is larger in number than the population of many countries of the world. This is a significant geo-economic and geo-political strength. Future national policies must incorporate this strength in order to broaden their participation in the new India beyond just their financial support. Technology and management expertise are self-evident areas where this community can contribute significantly.
g. Urbanisation is an irreversible trend. Rather than viewing it as an evil, we have to make it an integral part of our policy for development. Urbanisation has to be viewed as an opportunity to use modern technology to create a wholesome and secure habitat while reaping the economic benefits that it offers.
h. Transparency is now a sine qua non for good governance. We are in a digital age where the tools and modes of communication, like social media, are powerful instruments to share and explain the thoughts and actions of the government. This trend will only increase with time. Government and governance have to be conducted in an environment of total transparency – using technology to reduce opacity and thereby, the potential for misadventures in governing.
In essence, effective governance in India will rest on the following pillars:
a. Pro-people agenda that fulfils the aspirations of the society as well as individual,
b. Pro-active in anticipating and responding to their needs,
c. Participative, by involvement of citizens,
d. Empowering women in all aspects
e. Inclusion of all groups, with special attention to the economically weak (garib), the SC, ST and OBC communities, the rural sector and farmers (gaon and kisan), youth and all categories of minorities.
f. Equality of opportunity to our country’s youth,
g. Transparency through the use of technology to make government visible and responsive.
In the context of governance structures, the changed requirements of our country, point to the need for setting up an institution that serves as a Think Tank of the government – a directional and policy dynamo. The proposed institution has to provide governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy. This includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support. The institution has to be able to respond to the changing and more integrated world that India is part of.
An important evolutionary change from the past will be replacing a centre-to-state one-way flow of policy by a genuine and continuing partnership with the states. The institution must have the necessary resources, knowledge, skills and, ability to act with speed to provide the strategic policy vision for the government as well as deal with contingent issues.
Perhaps most importantly, the institution must adhere to the tenet that while incorporating positive influences from the world, no single model can be transplanted from outside into the Indian scenario. We need to find our own strategy for growth. The new institution has to zero in on what will work in and for India. It will be a Bharatiya approach to development.
i. Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister
ii. Members: Full-time
iii. Part-time members: Maximum of 2 from leading universities research organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex-officio capacity. Part time members will be on a rotational basis.
iv. Ex Officio members: Maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
v. Chief Executive Officer : To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.
vi. Secretariat as deemed necessary.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi reviewed preparations to deal with the impending Cyclone Tauktae
PM Modi Holds High-Level Meet To Review Preparedness To Tackle Cyclone Tauktae; Read Details Here https://t.co/uB6NARlg91 via @YahooIndia PM Modi Holds High-Level Meet To Review Preparedness To Take away the credit after every pandemic, natural calamity except deaths of the poor.— yogendra ray (@yog9575) May 16, 2021
Prime Minister @narendramodi took a high-level meeting to review the preparedness of States & Central Ministries/Agencies concerned to deal with the situation arising out of #Cyclone Tauktae: PMO #CycloneTauktae #CycloneAlert pic.twitter.com/BkTyyWTttu— Shalini Bajpai 👧 (@sbajpai2811) May 15, 2021
Praying for Everyone's Safety and Well being so that they remain as Safe as Possible...🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻— 🇮🇳 Sulata Ghosh 🇮🇳🧡🚩 (@sulata_ghosh) May 15, 2021
The strongest will have more scars. Keep doing your best Mr. Prime Minister 👍, soon the sun is going to shine brighter for all of us. 🇮🇳 Heal the world is all we pray 🙏— Raghav (@bsbraghav) May 15, 2021
PM Narendra Modi took a high-level meeting to review the preparedness of States & Central Ministries/Agencies concerned to deal with the situation arising out of Cyclone Tauktae: PMO pic.twitter.com/zNoNZ3bKmq— Bulbul Roy Mishra (@bulbulroymishra) May 16, 2021
https://t.co/BZO8i9mjEn Shri Narendra Modi Ji your 360degree focus on national governance, is a bliss to India in all situations.— Venkatesapalani Thangavelu (@Ven070670) May 15, 2021
Your attentive call on preparedness against the developing cyclone Tauktae is much adorable and will lead to safety to all lives - Salute Ji.
Latest: Cyclone Tauktae: PM Modi took high-level meeting to review preparedness of states to deal with arising situation, says PMO— Totlani Krishan (@kktotlani) May 15, 2021
PM Modi holds high level meeting to review preparedness on Cyclone ‘Tauktae’. PM directs officers to take every possible measure to ensure that people are safely evacuated. Ensure maintenance of all essential services such as Power, Telecommunications, health, drinking water. pic.twitter.com/MaXWP1O1pA— Akhilesh Sharma (@akhileshsharma1) May 15, 2021
#CycloneTauktae— Zahid Patka (@zahidpatka) May 16, 2021
PM @narendramodi Ji took a high-level meeting to review the preparedness of States and Ministries to deal with the situation arising out of ‘Tauktae’
Ensured essential services such as power,telecommunications, drinking water.https://t.co/pMoMe9hdmY@PMOIndia pic.twitter.com/FxUtIihV41
PM Modi’s governance – Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas
Took my 1st dose of COVID-19 vaccine .— Mohil Trivedi (@MohilTrivedi) May 14, 2021
Thanks to our honourable PM and BJP govt.
@narendramodi @BJP4Jharkhand@BJP4India #CovishieldVaccine #vaccinated #NarendraModi #India @DC_Hazaribag @HazaribagSdm @HazaribagPolice pic.twitter.com/ktTS106vcZ
India has administered a total of 18.21 crore vaccine doses, including 17.14 lakh doses on Saturday till 8 pm.— Nishant🇮🇳 (@iNishant4) May 16, 2021
Inoculations carried out on Saturday include 5.58 lakh shots given to people belonging to 18-44 age group.@narendramodihttps://t.co/V5PSXaadVt pic.twitter.com/IyC1y7PXxZ
Got #vaccinated 2days ago. Really impressed with #UPGovt 's proactiveness in setting up supply chains in such short period of time. Yes #cowinregistration is difficult, but we as citizens also need to understand the unprecedented massive venture it is to vaccinate 1.3bil people.— Shruti G (@gShrutig) May 16, 2021
Got vaccinated on 14 May with #Covishield.— Shivam Chauhan (@vishwa16deep) May 16, 2021
Thanks you @adarpoonawalla & @SerumInstIndia for making it happen. Also to all the health workers and ofcourse @narendramodi @myogiadityanath 🙏
Guys pls go and get your immune system Vaccinated. 👍 pic.twitter.com/FBjlCZCZ2S
@aajtak @nstomar @drnarottammisra— alok tiwari 🇮🇳 (@aloktiwari22) May 15, 2021
Got Vaccinated today with first dose in Indore MP .Thanks Government of India ,MP govt. @narendramodi @ChouhanShivraj our PM & CM ! Jai Hind 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 #Tikautsav pic.twitter.com/15nptfWBQs
Got jabbed with first dose of #Covaxin— शशि शेखर सिंह (@S_ShekharSingh) May 15, 2021
Thank you to all the scientists, doctors, front line healthcare workers, and our honourable PM Shri @narendramodi ji for making this possible in shortest period of time.
Go get vaccinated, it’s your biggest weapon in fight against #Covid pic.twitter.com/xSwLrmUNAv