The Government has replaced Planning Commission with a new institution named NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). The institution will serve as ‘Think Tank’ of the Government-a directional and policy dynamo. NITI Aayog will provide Governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy, this includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support.
The following is the full text of the Cabinet Resolution:-
Mahatma Gandhi had said: “Constant development is the law of life, and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas in order to appear consistent drives himself into a false position”. Reflecting this spirit and the changed dynamics of the new India, the institutions of governance and policy have to adapt to new challenges and must be built on the founding principles of the Constitution of India, the wealth of knowledge from our civilizational history and the present day socio-cultural context.
a. The industry and service sectors have developed and are operating on a global scale now. To build on this foundation, new India needs an administration paradigm in which the government is an “enabler” rather than a “provider of first and last resort”. The role of the government as a “player” in the industrial and service sectors has to be reduced. Instead, government has to focus on enabling legislation, policy making and regulation.
b. India’s traditional strength in agriculture has increased manifold on account of the efforts of our farmers and improvements in technology. We need to continue to improve, and move from pure food security to a focus on a mix of agricultural production as well as the actual returns that farmers get from their produce.
c. Today, we reside in a ‘global village’, connected by modern transport, communications and media, and networked international markets and institutions. As India ‘contributes’ to global endeavours, it is also influenced by happenings far removed from our borders. Global economics and geo-politics are getting increasingly integrated, and the private sector is growing in importance as a constituent within that. India needs to be an active player in the debates and deliberations on the global commons, especially in relatively uncharted areas.
d. India’s middle class is unique in terms of its size and purchasing power. This formidable group is increasing with the entry of the neo-middle class. It has been an important driver of growth and has enormous potential on account of its high education levels, mobility and willingness to push for change in the country. Our continuing challenge is to ensure that this economically vibrant group remains engaged and its potential is fully realised.
e. India’s pool of entrepreneurial, scientific and intellectual human capital is a source of strength waiting to be unleashed to help us attain unprecedented heights of success. In fact, the ‘social capital’ that is present in our people has been a major contributor to the development of the country thus far and, therefore, it needs to be leveraged through appropriate policy initiatives.
f. The Non-Resident Indian community, which is spread across more than 200 countries, is larger in number than the population of many countries of the world. This is a significant geo-economic and geo-political strength. Future national policies must incorporate this strength in order to broaden their participation in the new India beyond just their financial support. Technology and management expertise are self-evident areas where this community can contribute significantly.
g. Urbanisation is an irreversible trend. Rather than viewing it as an evil, we have to make it an integral part of our policy for development. Urbanisation has to be viewed as an opportunity to use modern technology to create a wholesome and secure habitat while reaping the economic benefits that it offers.
h. Transparency is now a sine qua non for good governance. We are in a digital age where the tools and modes of communication, like social media, are powerful instruments to share and explain the thoughts and actions of the government. This trend will only increase with time. Government and governance have to be conducted in an environment of total transparency – using technology to reduce opacity and thereby, the potential for misadventures in governing.
In essence, effective governance in India will rest on the following pillars:
a. Pro-people agenda that fulfils the aspirations of the society as well as individual,
b. Pro-active in anticipating and responding to their needs,
c. Participative, by involvement of citizens,
d. Empowering women in all aspects
e. Inclusion of all groups, with special attention to the economically weak (garib), the SC, ST and OBC communities, the rural sector and farmers (gaon and kisan), youth and all categories of minorities.
f. Equality of opportunity to our country’s youth,
g. Transparency through the use of technology to make government visible and responsive.
In the context of governance structures, the changed requirements of our country, point to the need for setting up an institution that serves as a Think Tank of the government – a directional and policy dynamo. The proposed institution has to provide governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy. This includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support. The institution has to be able to respond to the changing and more integrated world that India is part of.
An important evolutionary change from the past will be replacing a centre-to-state one-way flow of policy by a genuine and continuing partnership with the states. The institution must have the necessary resources, knowledge, skills and, ability to act with speed to provide the strategic policy vision for the government as well as deal with contingent issues.
Perhaps most importantly, the institution must adhere to the tenet that while incorporating positive influences from the world, no single model can be transplanted from outside into the Indian scenario. We need to find our own strategy for growth. The new institution has to zero in on what will work in and for India. It will be a Bharatiya approach to development.
i. Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister
ii. Members: Full-time
iii. Part-time members: Maximum of 2 from leading universities research organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex-officio capacity. Part time members will be on a rotational basis.
iv. Ex Officio members: Maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
v. Chief Executive Officer : To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.
vi. Secretariat as deemed necessary.
Appreciation for India’s Exponential Growth Across Diverse Sectors with the Modi Government
Under the stalwart leadership of PM @narendramodi, 'Made in India' emerges as a stalwart guardian of our nation. Indigenous weapons spearhead a revolution in our defence sector, fostering self-sufficiency and fortifying national security. #India pic.twitter.com/76vOiiH16C— KAPISH GUPTA (@KAPISHGUPTA27) December 6, 2023
From the drawing board of government ministries to the grassroots, PM Modi's focus on development in aspirational districts like Sonbhadra has led to transformative changes. Witnessing a shift in health, education, and more. pic.twitter.com/yVudr2uDLX— Aman sinha (@Amansinha521862) December 6, 2023
India's corporate profitability thrives on improved infrastructure, skilled and cost-effective human resources, lower corporate tax rates, and a vast domestic market, making it an ideal manufacturing hub. @narendramodi @AmitShah— Dr. Vibhor Kumar (@DrVibhorK) December 6, 2023
Under the leadership of Hon'ble PM Shri @narendramodi Ji, the government has demonstrated strong commitment to education and sports, as reflected in significant budgetary increments in these sectors when comparing the fiscal years 2013-14 and 2023-24.#ModiHaiToMumkinHai pic.twitter.com/UQCJuaQmSQ— Siddaram (@SGSiddaramu) December 6, 2023
Fantastic news for India's Telecom sector as the AGR grows by 1.75% in Q1FY24, showcasing its robust growth under PM Modi's visionary leadership. His commitment to digital empowerment and connectivity is transforming the nation. Thank you, PM Modi! 📱💻🇮🇳 #TelecomGrowth #PMModi— Sneha Yadav (@snehyadav31) December 6, 2023
Kudos to Modi government for the game-changing success of the FAME India scheme! Over Rs 5,000 crore subsidy has powered the sale of 11.53 lakh EVs, driving India towards a sustainable future. Thank you for steering us towards greener mobility! 🌿🚗💡#FAMEIndia #GreenRevolution— Neha Bisht (@neha_uk) December 6, 2023
Under #PradhanMantriAwasYojana, many pple realised their dream of owning a house. More than 4 Crore pple were benefitted under this Yojana. @narendramodi fulfills his promise of roof over everyone's head. Thank you sir..#ModiHaiToMumkinHai #ModiKiGaurantee pic.twitter.com/rDDAqXTsPd— Rukmani Varma 🇮🇳 (@pointponder) December 6, 2023
Empowering farmers through effective insurance! Under PMFBY, claims of ₹1,50,589 crore have been paid to farmers against their premium share of ₹30,800 crore since kharif 2016 to Rabi 2022-23. Gratitude to PM @narendramodi for prioritizing farmers' welfare pic.twitter.com/plsggPeP8P— rajiv pillai (@rganddhi396) December 6, 2023
India's commitment to a sustainable energy future is evident as we aim for 50% installed power capacity through non-fossil fuel sources. Under the leadership of PM @narendramodi, the nation is on track to reshape its energy landscape and contribute to a greener world.— Raman Narwal (@Amanvat78694527) December 6, 2023