The Government has replaced Planning Commission with a new institution named NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). The institution will serve as ‘Think Tank’ of the Government-a directional and policy dynamo. NITI Aayog will provide Governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy, this includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support.
The following is the full text of the Cabinet Resolution:-
Mahatma Gandhi had said: “Constant development is the law of life, and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas in order to appear consistent drives himself into a false position”. Reflecting this spirit and the changed dynamics of the new India, the institutions of governance and policy have to adapt to new challenges and must be built on the founding principles of the Constitution of India, the wealth of knowledge from our civilizational history and the present day socio-cultural context.
a. The industry and service sectors have developed and are operating on a global scale now. To build on this foundation, new India needs an administration paradigm in which the government is an “enabler” rather than a “provider of first and last resort”. The role of the government as a “player” in the industrial and service sectors has to be reduced. Instead, government has to focus on enabling legislation, policy making and regulation.
b. India’s traditional strength in agriculture has increased manifold on account of the efforts of our farmers and improvements in technology. We need to continue to improve, and move from pure food security to a focus on a mix of agricultural production as well as the actual returns that farmers get from their produce.
c. Today, we reside in a ‘global village’, connected by modern transport, communications and media, and networked international markets and institutions. As India ‘contributes’ to global endeavours, it is also influenced by happenings far removed from our borders. Global economics and geo-politics are getting increasingly integrated, and the private sector is growing in importance as a constituent within that. India needs to be an active player in the debates and deliberations on the global commons, especially in relatively uncharted areas.
d. India’s middle class is unique in terms of its size and purchasing power. This formidable group is increasing with the entry of the neo-middle class. It has been an important driver of growth and has enormous potential on account of its high education levels, mobility and willingness to push for change in the country. Our continuing challenge is to ensure that this economically vibrant group remains engaged and its potential is fully realised.
e. India’s pool of entrepreneurial, scientific and intellectual human capital is a source of strength waiting to be unleashed to help us attain unprecedented heights of success. In fact, the ‘social capital’ that is present in our people has been a major contributor to the development of the country thus far and, therefore, it needs to be leveraged through appropriate policy initiatives.
f. The Non-Resident Indian community, which is spread across more than 200 countries, is larger in number than the population of many countries of the world. This is a significant geo-economic and geo-political strength. Future national policies must incorporate this strength in order to broaden their participation in the new India beyond just their financial support. Technology and management expertise are self-evident areas where this community can contribute significantly.
g. Urbanisation is an irreversible trend. Rather than viewing it as an evil, we have to make it an integral part of our policy for development. Urbanisation has to be viewed as an opportunity to use modern technology to create a wholesome and secure habitat while reaping the economic benefits that it offers.
h. Transparency is now a sine qua non for good governance. We are in a digital age where the tools and modes of communication, like social media, are powerful instruments to share and explain the thoughts and actions of the government. This trend will only increase with time. Government and governance have to be conducted in an environment of total transparency – using technology to reduce opacity and thereby, the potential for misadventures in governing.
In essence, effective governance in India will rest on the following pillars:
a. Pro-people agenda that fulfils the aspirations of the society as well as individual,
b. Pro-active in anticipating and responding to their needs,
c. Participative, by involvement of citizens,
d. Empowering women in all aspects
e. Inclusion of all groups, with special attention to the economically weak (garib), the SC, ST and OBC communities, the rural sector and farmers (gaon and kisan), youth and all categories of minorities.
f. Equality of opportunity to our country’s youth,
g. Transparency through the use of technology to make government visible and responsive.
In the context of governance structures, the changed requirements of our country, point to the need for setting up an institution that serves as a Think Tank of the government – a directional and policy dynamo. The proposed institution has to provide governments at the central and state levels with relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of key elements of policy. This includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue-based support. The institution has to be able to respond to the changing and more integrated world that India is part of.
An important evolutionary change from the past will be replacing a centre-to-state one-way flow of policy by a genuine and continuing partnership with the states. The institution must have the necessary resources, knowledge, skills and, ability to act with speed to provide the strategic policy vision for the government as well as deal with contingent issues.
Perhaps most importantly, the institution must adhere to the tenet that while incorporating positive influences from the world, no single model can be transplanted from outside into the Indian scenario. We need to find our own strategy for growth. The new institution has to zero in on what will work in and for India. It will be a Bharatiya approach to development.
i. Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister
ii. Members: Full-time
iii. Part-time members: Maximum of 2 from leading universities research organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex-officio capacity. Part time members will be on a rotational basis.
iv. Ex Officio members: Maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
v. Chief Executive Officer : To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.
vi. Secretariat as deemed necessary.
Netizens along with PM Narendra Modi recognised the efforts of healthcare workers and nurses by setting an example in reducing vaccine wastage for strengthening the fight against COVID-19
Indeed Sir, This example will motivate other states health workers and nurses to reduce vaccine wastage. Which will help them to vaccinated maximum people— Nishant🇮🇳 (@iNishant4) May 5, 2021
Our frontline warriors. Salute to their dedication and commitment.— Harshadha Shirodkar 🇮🇳 (@shirodkarharshu) May 5, 2021
This great efforts by healthcare workers will motivate other states frontline workers to reduce the vaccine wastage.
Under the great leadership India is marching forward in covid battle and it will be victorous as always— Shalabh Garg 🇮🇳🇮🇳 (@ShalabhGarg19) May 5, 2021
🇮🇳achieves another milestone by administering more than 16 crores 4 lakhs doses of covid vaccine.
Yes.. that is brilliant..— Ira💕 (@ira_asthana) May 5, 2021
They did that here too.. they used to call up patients to come and take up the extra doses. https://t.co/eIZeXIObZ8
Incredible to see this...that's how center and state govt should work together, in tandem https://t.co/bioNXQMmLQ— Saurabh (@m_sam0708) May 5, 2021
Each dose is valuable at this time— दिशव🌞 (@disuv) May 5, 2021
And crisis . Each one should know
This . Great work done by Kerla
People . https://t.co/qCNJ05Mbbn
Modi Govt stresses on taking decisive steps to stem nationwide spread of COVID-19, along with other initiatives focussing on the development of country
#IndiaFightsCOVID19— Zahid Patka (@zahidpatka) May 5, 2021
Kudos PM @narendramodi Ji Govt
Remdesivir production increased to 1.05 cr vials a month which will enhance the availability of the antiviral drugs in the country. https://t.co/LSfqtQDYhx@PMOIndia pic.twitter.com/HAHLVoCva2
Got my first dose of Covaxin, Thanks to @BharatBiotech , Co-Win portal Digital India rocks @PMOIndia @narendramodi...Kudos to @ArvindKejriwal for good arrangements in the government schools.. let's fight Covid together and get our vaccination pic.twitter.com/BFi2sf2jBQ— AKASH NARANG (@akashnarang) May 5, 2021
#Cabinet approves MoU between #India and #UnitedKingdom of #GreatBritain and #NorthernIsland on Migration and Mobility Partnership.#NAMO#BJP#CabinetDecisions#AatmanirbharBharat#NewIndiahttps://t.co/uFhAEVk2Lb— Dr. Musfiqur Rahman Rajib (@71_rajib) May 5, 2021
A significant initiative by #ModiGovt— Dr. Suchitra Raghavachari (@DrSRaghavachari) May 5, 2021
The focus should be on quality training - no compromise for modules, training schedule or eligibility. Should be structured to enable quick assimilation of newer tech, futuristic outlook. https://t.co/pFTcNK4dc0
#IndiaFightsCorona— Dr. Swapnil Mantri (@drswapnilmantri) May 5, 2021
Remdesivir production increased to 1.05 cr vials a month: @mansukhmandviya ji. Kudos PM @narendramodi ji for taking strong efforts to ensure Injection Remdesivir smoothly.https://t.co/W2QL00gUw9 pic.twitter.com/mY8ijpt5cD
Wow - Fantastic.— Venkatesapalani Thangavelu (@Ven070670) May 5, 2021
You both great leaders of productive deeds (Our PM Shri Narendra Modi Ji and UK's PM Shri Boris Johnson Ji ) inking in futuristic prosperous togetherness of nations (India & UK) is highly adorable.
Thankyou, you leaders onto greater focused MoUs
PM @narendramodi and his British counterpart @BorisJohnson had substantive discussions on the entire gamut of bilateral ties and exchanged views on regional and global issues of mutual interest during the India UK Virtual Summit. pic.twitter.com/hxXgcy3d1L— Shalini Bajpai 👧 (@sbajpai2811) May 4, 2021