Aatmanirbharta in Defence: India First Soars as PM Modi Takes Flight in LCA Tejas

Published By : Admin | November 28, 2023 | 15:40 IST

Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bengaluru today, as the state-run plane maker experiences exponential growth in manufacturing prowess and export capacities. PM Modi completed a sortie on the Indian Air Force's multirole fighter jet Tejas.

According to the latest reports, HAL has transformed into a formidable 1.35 lakh crore company under PM Modi's leadership. The fact that its share prices have multiplied by five times since 2013 stands as a testament to its remarkable growth. In addition to expanding its global footprint—such as the recent opening of a regional marketing office in Malaysia—HAL is also in the process of setting up a business division to boost exports.

The transformation of HAL, which is known as the backbone of the Indian Air Force, is part of a broader plan—Modi government’s resolute push towards Aatmanirbharta in defence. This thrust has combined multiple factors ranging from developing indigenous technologies, establishing a robust domestic manufacturing ecosystem, implementing structural reforms and enhancing overall combat strength.

Before 2014, the defence sector had been plagued by issues like lack of investment, stagnant innovation and research environment, and the absence of an overall vision to utilize the potential of a strategically important field. This led to an increased dependence on foreign imports for the country’s defence requirements. However, PM Modi's government's commitment to self-reliance in security and strategic capabilities has had a positive impact on the defence sector.

Along with Make in India, the Defence Acquisition Procedure (2020) has tremendously pushed domestic manufacturing by maximizing acquisition of defence equipment through indigenous sources. The government has also introduced four ‘positive indigenization lists’ of defence equipment and platforms besides earmarking separate funds for procurement from indigenous sources. Going further, two defence industrial corridors have been set up in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu to catalyze indigenous production of defence and aerospace equipment.

A positive shift in India’s defence procurement behavior is evident:
• The expenditure on defence procurement from foreign sources has decreased from 46% in the fiscal year 2018-19 to 36% in the fiscal year 2021-22.
• Concurrently, the share of domestic procurement in the total procurement has seen an upward trend. It has risen from 59% in the fiscal year 2019-20 to 64% in the fiscal year 2020-21.
The changing dynamics in the FDI inflow in the defence sector are noteworthy:
• From 2001 to 2014 (14 years), the FDI flow was reported as Rs 1,382 crore.
• Since 2014 the FDI inflow has increased almost 2.5 times, amounting to Rs 3,378 crore.

The landscape of research and innovation has also undergone a profound shift, bringing in a new era of novelty and dynamism. Defence R&D, including DRDO test facilities, has been opened up for industry, startups and academia with 25% of defence R&D budget allocated for this purpose. Initiatives like iDEX engage startups, MSMEs, and individual innovators among others, and help activate the local industry and enterprise. An amount of Rs. 1,500 crores have also been earmarked towards procurement from start-ups, in particular. In addition, DRDO is involved in equipping the youth with relevant skills for defence industries.

The government’s concerted push has propelled us to a juncture where we are actively producing our own defence aircrafts and equipment. INS Vikrant, light combat aircraft Tejas, Akash and BrahMos missiles, main battle tank Arjun, artillery gun system Dhanush, and Pinaka rocket are among the many shining examples of India becoming self-reliant.

Defence exports have also registered an impressive eight-fold growth in the last six years—from Rs. 1,521 crores in 2016-17 to around Rs. 16,000 crores in 2022-23. Notably, the private sector contributes almost 70% of total exports. The recent deal with the Philippines for the export of indigenous BrahMos supersonic missiles attests to India’s potential and heightened credibility in defence exports.

In addition to these efforts, the government has addressed structural hindrances to the growth of the defence industry. Changes like introduction of Chief of Defence Staff and corporatization of the Ordnance Factory Board have been key in this area. Other reforms like One Rank One Pension and entry of women into combat roles have boosted social sentiment and expanded the potential recruiting pool by about 100%. In addition, the Vibrant Villages programme adds another layer to the government’s artillery towards building security infrastructure.

Most importantly, the surgical strikes after the Uri attack and the Balakot strike on terrorist camps inside Pakistan are not only unique reflections of PM Narendra Modi’s New India but also provide much-needed confidence to the armed forces to serve their country with vigor and valor.

All this has been made possible through a synergistic blend of historic decisions, calculated risks, and strategic reorganization. Laying out his vision for future, PM Modi has set out a target of achieving defence exports worth Rs. 35,000 crores in the next five years—making India a net exporter of defence equipment. As PM Modi punctuates India’s growth story with reforms and renewal, Aatmanirbharta in defence is a now living reality.

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PM Modi's gesture wins haeds again, receives Lord Jagannath's painting from a little girl in Bengal rally.

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PM Modi's gesture wins haeds again, receives Lord Jagannath's painting from a little girl in Bengal rally.
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi to visit Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar
March 03, 2024
PM to inaugurate, dedicate and lay foundation stone of projects worth more than Rs 56,000 crore in Adilabad, Telangana
Power sector to get a tremendous boost through multitude of projects being taken up in Adilabad
PM to inaugurate and lay foundation stone of development projects worth more than Rs. 6,800 crores in Sangareddy, Telangana
Projects taken up in Sangareddy encompass multiple key sectors like road, rail, petroleum and natural gas
PM to dedicate to the nation Civil Aviation Research Organization (CARO) in Hyderabad
PM to witness initiation of core loading of India’s indigenous Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu
This will mark a historic milestone in India’s nuclear power programme
PM to inaugurate, dedicate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth over Rs. 19,600 crores at Chandikhole in Odisha
PM to inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple connectivity projects worth Rs. 15,400 crores in Kolkata
PM will lay the foundation stone, dedicate and inaugurate various infrastructure worth around Rs. 8,700 crores in Bettiah
PM to inaugurate Muzaffarpur - Motihari LPG Pipeline and dedicate Indian Oil’s LPG Bottling plant & Storage terminal at Motihari
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will visit Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar on 4-6th March, 2024.

On 4th March, at around 10:30 AM, Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth more than Rs. 56,000 crores in Adilabad, Telangana. Thereafter, at around 3:30 PM, Prime Minister will visit BHAVINI in Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu.

On 5th March, at around 10 AM, Prime Minister will dedicate to the nation the Civil Aviation Research Organization (CARO) Centre in Hyderabad. At around 11 AM, Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth Rs. 6,800 crores in Sangareddy, Telangana. At around 3:30 PM, Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth over Rs. 19,600 crores at Chandikhole, Jajpur in Odisha.

On 6th March, at around 10:15 AM, Prime Minister will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple connectivity projects worth Rs. 15,400 crores in Kolkata. Thereafter, at around 3:30 PM, Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth around Rs. 8,700 in Bettiah, Bihar.

PM in Adilabad

At the public programme in Adilabad, Telangana, Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate to the nation and lay the foundation stone of multiple developmental projects related to power, rail and road sector worth more than Rs 56,000 crore. The major focus of the projects will be the power sector.

Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate to the nation and lay the foundation stone of various projects related to the power sector across the country. Prime Minister will dedicate NTPC’s 800 MW (Unit-2) of Telangana Super Thermal Power Project in Peddapalli, Telangana. Based on Ultra-Supercritical Technology, the project will supply 85% power to Telangana and will have the highest power generation efficiency of approximately 42% among all power stations of NTPC in India. The foundation stone of the project was also laid by the Prime Minister.

Prime Minister will also dedicate 660 MW (Unit-2) of North Karanpura Super Thermal Power Project in Chatra, Jharkhand. This is country's first Supercritical Thermal Power Project conceived with Air Cooled Condenser (ACC) of such large magnitude which reduces water consumption to 1/3rd in comparison to conventional Water-Cooled Condensers. The commencement of work in this project was flagged off by Prime Minister.

Prime Minister will also dedicate the Fly Ash Based Light Weight Aggregate Plant at Sipat, Bilaspur in Chhattisgarh; STP Water to Green Hydrogen Plant at Greater Noida in Uttar Pradesh.

Further, Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of Singrauli Super Thermal Power Project, Stage-III (2x800 MW) in Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh; Flue Gas CO2 to 4G Ethanol Plant at Lara, Raigarh in Chhattisgarh; Sea Water to Green Hydrogen plant at Simhadri, Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh; and Fly Ash Based FALG Aggregate Plant at Korba in Chhattisgarh.

Prime Minister will inaugurate seven projects and also lay the foundation stone of one project of Power Grid Corporation of India. These projects will play a crucial role in strengthening the National Grid.

Prime Minister will inaugurate National Hydroelectric Power Corporation’s (NHPC’s) 380 MW Solar Project at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Around 792 million units of green power will be generated each year from the project.

Prime Minister will lay the foundation of Bundelkhand Saur Urja Limited’s (BSUL’s) 1200 MW Jalaun Ultra Mega Renewable Energy Power Park in Jalaun, Uttar Pradesh. The park will generate about 2400 million units of electricity every year.

Prime Minister will inaugurate three solar power projects of Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN) in Jalaun and Kanpur Dehat in Uttar Pradesh. These projects have a total capacity of 200 MW. Foundation stone of these projects was also laid by the Prime Minister. Prime Minister will inaugurate Naitwar Mori Hydro Power station along with associated transmission line in Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand. Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of two solar projects of SJVN in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh & Dhubri, Assam; and also of 382 MW Sunni Dam Hydro Electric Project in Himachal Pradesh.

Prime Minister will lay the foundation of TUSCO's 600 MW Lalitpur Solar Power Project in Lalitpur district of UP. The project envisages generating 1200 million units of green power per year.

Prime Minister will inaugurate ReNew's Koppal-Narendra Transmission Scheme for evacuation of 2500 MW power from Renewable Energy. This inter-state transmission scheme is located in Koppal district of Karnataka. Other power sector related projects of Damodar Valley Corporation and of IndiGrid will also be inaugurated by the Prime Minister.

In addition to the power sector, projects of the road and rail sector will also be taken up during the visit. Prime Minister will dedicate the newly electrified Ambari - Adilabad - Pimpalkhuti rail line to the nation. He will also lay the foundation for two major National Highway projects connecting Telangana with Maharashtra and Telangana with Chhattisgarh through NH-353B and NH-163.

PM in Hyderabad

Prime Minister will dedicate to the nation the Civil Aviation Research Organization (CARO) centre in Hyderabad. It has been set up at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad by Airports Authority of India to upgrade and enhance the Research and Development (R&D) activities in the civil aviation sector. It is envisaged to provide a global research platform for the aviation community through in-house and collaborative research to provide indigenous and innovative solutions. Built at a cost of more than Rs 350 crores, this state-of-art facility is compliant with 5-STAR-GRIHA Rating and Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) norms.

CARO will utilise a set of comprehensive laboratory capabilities to support future research and development initiatives. It will also leverage data analytics capabilities for operational analysis, and performance measurement. The primary R&D activities in CARO shall include: Airspace and Airport related Safety, Capacity and Efficiency improvement programs, addressing the major airspace challenges, looking into major airport infrastructure challenges, developing technologies and products in identified fields for the futuristic airspace and airport needs, among others.

PM in Sangareddy

Prime Minister will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of development projects worth more than Rs. 6,800 crores. These projects encompass multiple key sectors like road, rail, petroleum and natural gas.

Prime Minister will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone for three National Highway projects. The two National Highway projects that will be inaugurated by the Prime Minister include four laning of 40 km long Kandi to Ramsanpalle section of NH-161. The project is a part of Indore - Hyderabad Economic Corridor and will facilitate seamless passenger and freight movement between Telangana, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The section will also substantially reduce travel time between Hyderabad and Nanded by about 3 hours. Prime Minister will also inaugurate the upgradation of 47 km long Miryalaguda to Kodad Section of NH-167 to two lanes with paved shoulders. The improved connectivity will boost tourism as well as economic activity and industries in the region.

Further, Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone for the six-laning of the 29 km long Pune-Hyderabad Section of NH-65. The project will also provide improved connectivity to major industrial centres in Telangana like Pashamylaram industrial area near Patancheru.

During the programme, Prime Minister will inaugurate, doubling and electrification of Sanathnagar - Moula Ali rail line along with six new station buildings. The entire 22 Route Kms of the project has been commissioned with Automatic signalling and has been completed as part of the MMTS (Multi Modal Transport Service) Phase - II project. As part of it, six new station buildings have come up at Ferozguda, Suchitra Centre, Bhudevi Nagar, Ammuguda, Neredmet and Moula Ali Housing Board stations. Doubling and electrification work paves the way for the introduction of passenger trains for the first time in this section. It will help improve punctuality and overall speed of trains in the region by reducing the burden on other highly saturated sections.

Prime Minister will also flag-off the inaugural MMTS Train Service from Ghatkesar - Lingampalli via Moula Ali - Sanathnagar. This train service extends the popular suburban train service in the Hyderabad - Secunderabad twin city regions to new areas for the first time. It connects the new areas in the eastern part of the city like Cherlapalli, Moula Ali with the Western part of the twin city region. The safe, fast and economic mode of transport connecting the eastern with the western part of the twin city region will be highly beneficial for commuters.

Further, Prime Minister will also inaugurate the IndianOil Paradip-Hyderabad Product Pipeline. The 1212 km product pipeline with a capacity of 4.5 MMTPA traverses through the states of Odisha (329 km), Andhra Pradesh (723 km) and Telangana (160 km). The pipeline shall ensure safe and economical transportation of petroleum product from Paradip Refinery to delivery stations at Visakhapatnam, Atchutapuram, and Vijayawada (in Andhra Pradesh), and Malkapur near Hyderabad (in Telangana).

PM in Kalpakkam

Marking a historic milestone in India’s nuclear power programme, Prime Minister will witness the initiation of core loading of India’s indigenous Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor(PFBR) of 500 MWe capacity at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu. This PFBR has been developed by BHAVINI (Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited).

The reactor core consists of control subassemblies, blanket subassemblies and fuel subassemblies. The core loading activity consists of loading of reactor control subassemblies, followed by the blanket subassemblies and the Fuel sub-assemblies which will generate power.

India has adopted a three-stage nuclear power program with a closed fuel cycle. In the PFBR, marking the second stage of the nuclear program, spent fuel from the first stage is reprocessed and used as fuel in FBR. A unique feature of this sodium cooled PFBR is that it can produce more fuel than it consumes, thus helping in achieving self-reliance in fuel supply for future fast reactors.

With minimised nuclear waste generated from the reactor and advanced safety features, FBRs will provide safe, efficient and clean source of energy and contribute to the goal of net zero. This is an important step for India towards thorium utilisation in the third stage of the nuclear power programme. Once commissioned, India will be the second country after Russia to have commercial operating Fast Reactor.

PM in Chandikhole

Prime Minister will inaugurate, dedicate to the nation and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth over Rs 19,600 crore. The projects relate to sectors including Oil & Gas, Railways, Road, Transport & Highways and Atomic Energy.

Prime Minister will inaugurate the Indian Oil Corporation Limited Mono Ethylene Glycol project in Paradip Refinery which will further help in reducing India's import dependency. He will also inaugurate 344 km long product pipeline traversing from Paradip in Odisha to Haldia in West Bengal. In order to augment the import infrastructure on the Eastern Coast of India, Prime Minister will also inaugurate 0.6 MMTPA LPG Import facility at Paradip.

In order to boost road infrastructure in the region, Prime Minister will dedicate to the nation four laning of Singhara to Binjabahal Section of NH-49; four laning of Binjabahal to Tileibani Section of NH-49; four laning of Balasore-Jharpokharia Section of NH-18 and four laning of Tangi-Bhubaneswar Section of NH-16. He will also lay the foundation stone for eight laning of Chandikhole - Paradip Section at Chandikhole.

Expansion of the railway network will also take place with focus on modernising and extending rail connectivity. Prime Minister will dedicate to nation, 162 Km Bansapani - Daitari - Tomka - Jakhapura Rail Line. It will not only enhance the existing traffic facility's capacity but also facilitates efficient transportation of Iron and Manganese ore from Keonjhar District to the nearest ports and steel plants, significantly contributing to regional economic growth. Inauguration of CONCOR Container Depot in Kalinga Nagar will be done with an aim to boost domestic and international trade. Foundation stone will be laid for the Electric Loco Periodical Overhauling Workshop at Narla, the Wagon Periodical Overhauling Workshop at Kantabanji and upgradation and augmentation of maintenance facilities at Baghuapal. Other railway projects, including flagging off new train services, will also be taken up during the visit.

Prime Minister will also inaugurate 5 MLD capacity seawater desalination plant at Odisha Sands Complex of IREL(I) Ltd. This project has been built as a part of field applications of indigenous desalination technologies developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.

PM in Kolkata

With a focus on enhancing avenues for ensuring ease of urban mobility, Prime Minister will inaugurate Kolkata Metro's Howrah Maidan- Esplanade Metro section, Kavi Subhash - Hemanta Mukhopadhyay Metro section, Taratala - Majerhat Metro section (part of Joka- Esplanade line); Pune Metro from Ruby Hall Clinic to Ramwadi stretch; Kochi Metro Rail Phase I Extension project (Phase IB) from SN Junction Metro station to Tripunithura Metro station; Agra Metro's stretch from Taj East Gate to Mankameshwar; and Duhai-Modinagar (North) section of Delhi-Meerut RRTS Corridor. He will flag off train services on these sections. Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of extension of Pune Metro Rail project phase 1 between Pimpri Chinchwad Metro-Nigdi.

These sections will help decongest road traffic and provide seamless, easy and comfortable connectivity. The Howrah Maidan - Esplanade Metro section of Kolkata Metro has the first transportation tunnel under any mighty river in India. Howrah Metro Station is the deepest metro station in India. Also, the Majerhat Metro Station (on the Taratala - Majerhat Metro section being inaugurated) is a unique elevated Metro station across Railway lines, Platforms and canal. Agra Metro’s section being inaugurated will enhance connectivity to historical tourist places. The RRTS section will boost economic activity in NCR.

PM in Bettiah

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone, dedicate and inaugurate various infrastructure related projects related to rail, road and petroleum and natural gas worth around Rs. 8700 Crores at Bettiah, West Champaran district in Bihar.

Prime Minister will inaugurate 109 km long Indian Oil’s Muzaffarpur - Motihari LPG Pipeline. It will provide access to cleaner cooking fuel in the state of Bihar and neighbouring country Nepal. Prime Minister will dedicate Indian Oil’s LPG Bottling Plant & storage terminal at Motihari. New pipeline Terminal would also act as a strategic supply point for export of petroleum products to Nepal. It would serve 8 districts of North Bihar i.e. East Champaran, West Champaran, Gopalganj, Siwan, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi and Madhubani. The new Bottling Plant at Motihari will also help in making supply chain smoother in feeding markets attached to Motihari Plant.

Prime Minister will inaugurate road projects including two laning of Piprakothi - Motihari - Raxaul section of NH - 28A with paved shoulder; two laning of Sheohar-Sitamarhi-Section of NH-104. Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of projects including construction of six lane Cable Bridge on river Ganga parallel to Digha-Sonepur Rail-cum-Road Bridge at Patna on Ganga River; four laning of Bakarpur Hat- Manikpur section of NH-19 Bypass.

Prime Minister will dedicate, inaugurate and lay foundation stone of various railway projects. Prime Minister will dedicate to the nation, doubling of 62 km rail line from Bapudham Motihari - Piprahan and he will also inaugurate Narkatiaganj-Gaunaha Gauge Conversion among others. Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of doubling and electrification of 96 km long Gorakhpur Cantt– Valmiki Nagar rail line and redevelopment of Bettiah railway station. Prime Minister will also flag off two new train services between Narkatiaganj - Gaunaha and Raxaul -Jogbani.