Aatmanirbharta in Defence: India First Soars as PM Modi Takes Flight in LCA Tejas

Published By : Admin | November 28, 2023 | 15:40 IST

Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bengaluru today, as the state-run plane maker experiences exponential growth in manufacturing prowess and export capacities. PM Modi completed a sortie on the Indian Air Force's multirole fighter jet Tejas.

According to the latest reports, HAL has transformed into a formidable 1.35 lakh crore company under PM Modi's leadership. The fact that its share prices have multiplied by five times since 2013 stands as a testament to its remarkable growth. In addition to expanding its global footprint—such as the recent opening of a regional marketing office in Malaysia—HAL is also in the process of setting up a business division to boost exports.

The transformation of HAL, which is known as the backbone of the Indian Air Force, is part of a broader plan—Modi government’s resolute push towards Aatmanirbharta in defence. This thrust has combined multiple factors ranging from developing indigenous technologies, establishing a robust domestic manufacturing ecosystem, implementing structural reforms and enhancing overall combat strength.

Before 2014, the defence sector had been plagued by issues like lack of investment, stagnant innovation and research environment, and the absence of an overall vision to utilize the potential of a strategically important field. This led to an increased dependence on foreign imports for the country’s defence requirements. However, PM Modi's government's commitment to self-reliance in security and strategic capabilities has had a positive impact on the defence sector.

Along with Make in India, the Defence Acquisition Procedure (2020) has tremendously pushed domestic manufacturing by maximizing acquisition of defence equipment through indigenous sources. The government has also introduced four ‘positive indigenization lists’ of defence equipment and platforms besides earmarking separate funds for procurement from indigenous sources. Going further, two defence industrial corridors have been set up in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu to catalyze indigenous production of defence and aerospace equipment.

A positive shift in India’s defence procurement behavior is evident:
• The expenditure on defence procurement from foreign sources has decreased from 46% in the fiscal year 2018-19 to 36% in the fiscal year 2021-22.
• Concurrently, the share of domestic procurement in the total procurement has seen an upward trend. It has risen from 59% in the fiscal year 2019-20 to 64% in the fiscal year 2020-21.
The changing dynamics in the FDI inflow in the defence sector are noteworthy:
• From 2001 to 2014 (14 years), the FDI flow was reported as Rs 1,382 crore.
• Since 2014 the FDI inflow has increased almost 2.5 times, amounting to Rs 3,378 crore.

The landscape of research and innovation has also undergone a profound shift, bringing in a new era of novelty and dynamism. Defence R&D, including DRDO test facilities, has been opened up for industry, startups and academia with 25% of defence R&D budget allocated for this purpose. Initiatives like iDEX engage startups, MSMEs, and individual innovators among others, and help activate the local industry and enterprise. An amount of Rs. 1,500 crores have also been earmarked towards procurement from start-ups, in particular. In addition, DRDO is involved in equipping the youth with relevant skills for defence industries.

The government’s concerted push has propelled us to a juncture where we are actively producing our own defence aircrafts and equipment. INS Vikrant, light combat aircraft Tejas, Akash and BrahMos missiles, main battle tank Arjun, artillery gun system Dhanush, and Pinaka rocket are among the many shining examples of India becoming self-reliant.

Defence exports have also registered an impressive eight-fold growth in the last six years—from Rs. 1,521 crores in 2016-17 to around Rs. 16,000 crores in 2022-23. Notably, the private sector contributes almost 70% of total exports. The recent deal with the Philippines for the export of indigenous BrahMos supersonic missiles attests to India’s potential and heightened credibility in defence exports.

In addition to these efforts, the government has addressed structural hindrances to the growth of the defence industry. Changes like introduction of Chief of Defence Staff and corporatization of the Ordnance Factory Board have been key in this area. Other reforms like One Rank One Pension and entry of women into combat roles have boosted social sentiment and expanded the potential recruiting pool by about 100%. In addition, the Vibrant Villages programme adds another layer to the government’s artillery towards building security infrastructure.

Most importantly, the surgical strikes after the Uri attack and the Balakot strike on terrorist camps inside Pakistan are not only unique reflections of PM Narendra Modi’s New India but also provide much-needed confidence to the armed forces to serve their country with vigor and valor.

All this has been made possible through a synergistic blend of historic decisions, calculated risks, and strategic reorganization. Laying out his vision for future, PM Modi has set out a target of achieving defence exports worth Rs. 35,000 crores in the next five years—making India a net exporter of defence equipment. As PM Modi punctuates India’s growth story with reforms and renewal, Aatmanirbharta in defence is a now living reality.

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77ನೇ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆಯ ಸಂದರ್ಭದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಂಪು ಕೋಟೆಯ ಕೊತ್ತಲದಿಂದ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರವನ್ನು ಉದ್ದೇಶಿಸಿ ಪ್ರಧಾನಮಂತ್ರಿ ಶ್ರೀ ನರೇಂದ್ರ ಮೋದಿ ಅವರು ಮಾಡಿದ ಭಾಷಣದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಪಠ್ಯಾಂತರ

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77ನೇ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆಯ ಸಂದರ್ಭದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಂಪು ಕೋಟೆಯ ಕೊತ್ತಲದಿಂದ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರವನ್ನು ಉದ್ದೇಶಿಸಿ ಪ್ರಧಾನಮಂತ್ರಿ ಶ್ರೀ ನರೇಂದ್ರ ಮೋದಿ ಅವರು ಮಾಡಿದ ಭಾಷಣದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಪಠ್ಯಾಂತರ
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PM to visit Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh on 22nd and 23rd February
February 21, 2024
PM to dedicate to nation, lay the foundation stone and initiate work commencement of multiple development projects worth more than 48,000 crore in Gujarat
PM to dedicate to nation two new Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors at Kakrapar Atomic Power Station: KAPS-3 and KAPS-4
Sectors including road, rail, energy, health, internet connectivity, urban development, water supply, tourism to get major boost in Gujarat
PM to dedicate to nation important sections of Vadodara Mumbai Expressway and Bharat Net Phase II project
PM to initiate work commencement for construction of PM MITRA Park in Navsari
PM to lay foundation stone of development of Rinchhadiya Mahadev Temple and Lake at Ambaji
PM to participate in the Golden Jubilee celebration of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation in Ahmedabad
PM to perform perform pooja and darshan at Valinath Mahadev Temple, Mahesana
In another step to transform Varanasi and its adjoining areas, PM to inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth more than Rs. 13,000 crore
Road, industry, tourism, textiles, health sectors to get major impetus in Varanasi
PM to perform pooja and darshan at Sant Guru Ravidas Janmasthali
PM to participate in prize distribution ceremony at Swatantrata Sabhagar in BHU

Prime Minister will visit Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh on 22nd and 23rd February, 2024.

On 22nd February, at around 10:45 AM, in Ahmedabad, Prime Minister will participate in the Golden Jubilee celebration of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF). At around 12:45 PM, Prime Minister will reach Mahesana and perform pooja and darshan at Valinath Mahadev Temple. At around 1 PM, Prime Minister will participate in a public function in Tarabh, Mahesana where he will dedicate to nation and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth more than Rs 8,350 crore. At around 4:15 PM, Prime Minister will reach Navsari, where he will dedicate to nation, lay the foundation stone and initiate work commencement of multiple development projects worth about Rs 17,500 crore. At around 6:15 PM, Prime Minister will visit the Kakrapar Atomic Power Station and dedicate to nation two new Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs).

On 23rd February, Prime Minister will participate in a programme for prize distribution to the winners of Sansad Sanskrit Pratiyogita at Swatantra Sabhagar, BHU, Varanasi. At 11:15 AM, Prime Minister will perform pooja and darshan at Sant Guru Ravidas Janmasthali. At 11:30 AM, Prime Minister will attend a public function commemorating the 647th birth anniversary of Sant Guru Ravidas. At 1:45 pm, Prime Minister will attend a public function where he will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth Rs 13,000 crore in Varanasi.

PM in Gujarat

Prime Minister will participate in the Golden Jubilee celebration of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF). The Golden Jubilee celebration of GCMMF will witness participation of more than 1.25 lakh farmers at Narendra Modi Stadium, Motera, Ahmedabad. GCMMF is a testimony of the resilience of cooperatives, their entrepreneurial spirit and strong determination of farmers, which has made Amul the one of the strongest dairy brands in the world.

At the two public functions in Gujarat at Mahesana and Navsari, Prime Minister will dedicate to nation and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth more than Rs 22,850 crore. The projects will encompass important sectors like road, rail, energy, health, internet connectivity, urban development, water supply, tourism etc in districts like Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, Banaskantha, Anand, Mahesana, Kachchh, Kheda, Bharuch, Tapi, Vadodara, Surat, Navsari, Panchmahal, Valsad, and Narmada.

At public function in Tarabh, Mahesana, Prime Minister will dedicate to nation important projects including Bharat Net Phase-II - Gujarat Fibre Grid Network Limited, which will provide high-speed internet to more than 8000 gram panchayats; multiple projects for rail line doubling, gauge conversion, new broad-gauge line in districts of Mahesana and Banaskantha; multiple road projects in Kheda, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, and Mahesana; Main academic building of Gujarat Biotechnology University at Gandhinagar; multiple water supply projects in Banaskantha, among others.

During the programme, Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of several important projects including new district level Hospital & Ayurvedic Hospital in Anand district; development of Rinchhadiya Mahadev Temple and Lake at Ambaji region in Banaskantha; multiple road projects in Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, Banaskantha, and Mahesana; Runway of Air Force Station, Deesa; Human and Biological Science Gallery in Ahmedabad; Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre (GBRC) new building at GIFT city; multiple projects for improving water supply in Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad and Banaskantha, among others.

At public function in Navsari, Prime Minister will dedicate to nation several development projects including multiple packages of Vadodara Mumbai Expressway; multiple road projects in Bharuch, Navsari, Valsad; rural drinking water supply project in Tapi; underground drainage project in Bharuch, among others. Prime Minister will also initiate work commencement for construction of PM Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA) Park in Navsari.

During the programme, Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of important projects including construction of Bharuch-Dahej access controlled expressway; multiple projects at S.S.G. Hospital, Vadodara; Regional science centre in Vadodara; projects for railway gauge conversion in Surat, Vadodara and Panchmahal; multiple road projects in Bharuch, Navsari and Surat; several water supply schemes in Valsad, school and hostel building and other projects in Narmada district, among others.

Prime Minister will dedicate to nation two new Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) at Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS) Unit 3 and Unit 4. Built by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL), at a cost of more than Rs 22,500 crore, the KAPS-3 and KAPS-4 projects have cumulative capacity of 1400 (700*2) MW and are the largest indigenous PHWRs. They are first of its kind reactors and with advanced safety features comparable with the best in the world. Together, these two reactors will produce about 10.4 billion units of clean electricity per year and benefit consumers of multiple states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, MP, Chhattisgarh, Goa and UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

PM in Varanasi

Since 2014, the Prime Minister has focused on transforming Varanasi and its adjoining areas by initiating a number of development projects catering to important sectors such as road, rail, aviation, tourism, education, health, drinking water, urban development, and sanitation. Taking another step in this direction, Prime Minister will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth more than Rs 13,000 crore in Varanasi.

To further enhance road connectivity of Varanasi, Prime Minister will inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple road projects including four laning of Ghargra-Bridge-Varanasi section of NH-233; four laning of Sultanpur-Varanasi section of NH-56, Package-1; six laning of phase-1 of Varanasi-Aurangabad section of NH-19; four laning of Package-1 Varanasi-Hanumana section on NH-35; and ROB on Varanasi- Jaunpur rail section near Babatpur. He will also lay the foundation stone of construction of Varanasi-Ranchi-Kolkata Expressway Package-1.

For providing impetus to industrial development in the region, Prime Minister will inaugurate LPG Bottling Plant by HPCL in Sewapuri; Banas Kashi Sankul milk processing unit in UPSIDA Agro Park Karkhiyaon; various infrastructure work at UPSIDA Agro Park, Karkhiyaon; and silk fabric printing common facility centre for weavers.

Prime Minister will inaugurate multiple urban development projects in Varanasi including Urban waste to Charcoal Plant by NTPC at Ramana; upgradation of water supply network in sis-Varuna area; and online effluent monitoring and SCADA automation of STPs and Sewerage Pumping Stations. Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of multiple projects for beautification of Varanasi including the projects for rejuvenation of ponds and redevelopment of parks; and for design and development of 3-D Urban Digital map and database.

Prime Minister will also inaugurate multiple projects related to tourism and spiritual tourism in Varanasi. The projects include redevelopment of public facilities at five Padavs of Panchkoshi Parikrama Marg and Pavan Path with ten spiritual yatra; launching of electric catamaran vessel provided by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) for Varanasi & Ayodhya; and seven change rooms floating jetties and four community jetties. The Electric catamaran will enhance the tourism experience in Ganges with use of green energy. Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of thirteen community jetties of IWAI at various cities and quick pontoon opening mechanism at Ballia.

Providing impetus to the famous textile sector of Varanasi, Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of the National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Varanasi. The new institute will strengthen the education and training infrastructure of the textile sector.

Augmenting the health infrastructure in Varanasi, Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of a new Medical College in Varanasi. He will also lay the foundation stone of National Centre of Ageing at BHU. Prime Minister will inaugurate the Sigra Sports Stadium Phase-1 and District Rifle Shooting Range, a step towards strengthening the sports infrastructure in the city.

In the prize distribution ceremony at Swatantrata Sabhagar, Banaras Hindu University, Prime Minister will award the winners of Kashi Sansad Gyan Pratiyogita, Kashi Sansad Photography Pratiyogita and Kashi Sansad Sanskrit Pratiyogita. He will also distribute books, uniform sets, music instruments and merit scholarships to Sanskrit students of Varanasi. He will also visit Kashi Sansad Photography Pratiyogita gallery and interact with the participants with their photograph entries on the theme of “Sanwarti Kashi”.

At the Sant Guru Ravidas Janmasthali temple at Seer Govardhanpur near BHU, Prime Minister will inaugurate the newly installed statue of Sant Ravidas in adjoining Ravidas park. He will inaugurate various development works around Sant Ravidas Janmasthali worth about Rs 32 crore and lay the foundation stone for Sant Ravidas Museum and beautification of the park worth about Rs 62 crore.