People Public Private Partnership

Published By : Admin | May 14, 2014 | 15:36 IST

One of the main reasons of Mahatma Gandhi’s success while leading the freedom movement was that he could involve people on a very large scale in the movement for independence. Similarly for any Government to be successful, public participation in policy formation as well as execution is a must. Unless people partner the Government in its initiatives, many a goals remain on paper and may not yield desirable results. Perhaps one of the lesser known reasons behind the success of Narendra Modi has been his ability to make development a mass movement by empowering people & harnessing their potential for the success of government’s efforts.

When you make people part of the policy formulation and also make partner in execution, the people assumes the ownership of the project and hence will leave no stone unturned to make the programme successful. Narendra Modi has always remained committed to make policy initiatives or project executions a “Jan Andolan” (Peoples’ movement) with total Jan Bhagidari (Peoples’ participation).

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While certain initiatives like Vanche Gujarat, Beti bachao, Vave Gujarat, Samaydan though initiated and supported by Government, were more or less designed, successfully executed and even to major extent funded by people themselves at local level.

Narendra Modi’s style of functioning and public-oriented governance is based on reviving people’s lost pride and diverting the emerging latent energy on that account towards development and human endeavours.

As a part of empowering people and pro active and pro people governance, in Gujarat, the administration goes to people, may it be for enrollment of girl students, distribution of tools and kits to skilled workers or for total health checkup of children in schools.

In Vanche Gujarat (Read Gujarat) which has been one of its first kind of project in India and perhaps globally to inculcate reading habits amongst people and particularly children met phenomenal success largely because of large scale Jan Bhagidari. For the first time in state history the executive responsibility was assigned to non government officers i.e. citizens. Not only that at district and taluka level it was totally funded by people through these committees. While this unique and innovative movement in itself needs a dedicated research, it is because of this mass movement it could inspire 25 lakh children to read 10 million books in a span of 8 months and a record was created by 6 million people by reading collectively together for one hour in public places .

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Samydaan was also an initiative where during celebration of 50 years of Gujarat’s inception people took vows to donate time for public service of their choice and by its implementation huge human resources were invested in various projects One Swarnim Sankalp by each Gujarati in the service of Gujarat / India which he asked from people during celebration of fifty years was another contribution by people in the march towards peace, progress and development.

This is the reason, why he tells journalists during various interviews, that if each person march one step forward the nation would march 125 crores steps forward. This is neither a myth nor a belief, but a fact which has emerged from the proactive and pro-people governance of Gujarat during last 14 years.

Beti Bachao Abhiyan (Save the Girl Child) has been another wonder. By igniting and sensitizing & touching the hearts of the people, he inspired a large number of social organizations and NGOs to take up this mammoth task. The motivation has been so powerful that it has till date remained a flagship programme of some very powerful social organizations. Much of the reason for the rising sex ratio at birth is the outcome of this mass movement. It is needless to say that though there may be acts and rules but social reforms can only be brought about by Jan Jagruti and Jan Andolan.

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Under the Vave Gujarat thought world record has been created by planting more than a million trees in Ahmedabad in a single day, that too by people on their own with logistical support by government.

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The rehabilitation of earthquake damaged Gujarat and Kutch in particular is subject research in many spheres and dimensions. The way Kutch has been revived and is marching ahead is a story which unfortunately has not been adequately covered. But it is a glorious tale of people’s participation and public partnership, may it be housing, health, education, adoption of orphan children or even physical infrastructure. It is needless to state that it was the vision and courage of pro active Chief Minister who not only designed pro active and pro people policies but also decentralized power to administrative machinery in partnership with public and people at large.

An unprecedented experiment in India’s history was celebration of national festivals like 15th August & 26 January and at a different district every year. The celebrations of national festivals which had become Government programmes without any public participation and had remained mere routine formalities were transformed into a people’s movement for patriotism resulting into devotion and commitment to nation. It not only rekindled the government machinery but also brought about oceans of enthusiasm in people who saw government working at their doorstep, bringing out everybody’s involvement and which gave opportunities to children, artists and cultural organization at local level for exhibiting talent and thereby nourishing the talent. This also created pride among people, bringing in oneness and ushering in development in far-flung areas.

Thus by unearthing peoples’ power, the tremendous strength of Jan Shakti has resulted into Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of bringing peace, prosperity and growth in Gujarat. The development model evolved in Gujarat in the last decade has been a cynosure of many eyes. It is not being seen as a model just for other Indian states but also for the entire developing world. He has made people partners in the process, rather than mere recipients at the end.

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"Building Atmanirbhar Bharat Through Comprehensive Job Creation"
February 24, 2024

One of the most effective pathways of aspirational and practical self-actualization for citizens of a nation is employment generation at scale and expanse. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has been cognizant of this need and has moved the needle comprehensively so that job creation today is happening across the spectrum: in the formal and informal sectors, through direct and indirect opportunities, in conventional and unconventional fields, and via self-employment and the opening up of multiple avenues for gigs, start-ups and novel entrepreneurship.


Government Initiatives
If on the one hand, Bharat is seeing the exponential growth in the number of start-ups and a conducive environment has made it one that has the largest number of unicorns, on the other hand a record number of Mudra loans sanctioned have fuelled unprecedented women-led growth, and the Agniveer scheme that aims to recruit youth into the Armed services has seen adoption in record numbers. According to a Harvard University research, India is among the top quartile of fastest-growing countries till 2029 and is undergoing a historic transition towards becoming a more formalized and technologically advanced, digitally evolved nation.


In the three years between 2017-18 and 2020-21, total employment increased by 8.4 crore which is a manifestation of several key factors such as demonetisation, rationalisation of taxes, the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), digital inclusivity and digitisation of financial transactions, inclusion of skill development and vocational training in the National Education Policy, increasing the number of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), a fillip to the hitherto marginalized segments such as rural and tribal populace, and effective incentivization for a highly labour dominant unorganized sector. An example is how PM Street Vendor’s Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi), has benefitted more than 56 lakh rehri or street vendors from June 2020 to November 2023.


Formalisation
Immense positive impact can be seen in the nation’s formal employment sector. India is the 5th largest economy in the world with 1.12 crore net additional employment created between 2015 to 2018. This is a result of the confluence of progressive, pro-industry policy decisions, leveraging of advancements in technology, reforms to ease business investment, and a focus on skilling. An example of how this translates on the ground is that with the PM MUDRA Yojana More than 15 crore people have been employed in the MSME sector out of which 3.4 crore are women.


In the IT Industry alone, around 20 lakh people have been employed between 2013-14 and 2021-22. Indirectly, about 6.24 crore jobs were created between 2014 and 2019 in India’s digital economy. When it comes to a boost in employment generation across sectors, let’s take the example of tourism – a revamped and increasingly attractive tourism and hospitality industry led to 1.9 crore indirect jobs being created in the tourism sector between 2017 and 2020. The overhaul in the hospitality sector has led to the creation of many such jobs directly, and indirectly; India is among the most visited countries in the world and has been experiencing a growing influx of tourists. This has led to business incentivization and a boost to local artisans, transport providers, and hotels and restaurants within the larger hospitality service industry. In Air transport alone, for every Rs. 100/- invested in the sector, 610 indirect jobs are generated.


Infromal Sectors
The winds of change can also be seen in the disruptive as well as informal sectors. Providing security and stability to the unconventional health and wellness, since 2014, about 5.65 lakh practitioners have been provided employment under Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH). The introduction of several new reforms, an increase in FDI, which have further helped in improving the ‘ease of doing business’ along with low data costs, improvised processes and ready adoption have created a thriving new ecosystem for employment – the gig and platform economy. Gig-economy jobs grew year-on-year by 13% and over 29.20 crore people have registered so far on the E-Shram portal. From 2016 to May 2022, ‘Hunar Haat’ has created employment avenues for over 10.5 lakh artisans and talented Vishwakarmas.


The continuing chain of beneficiaries in the government’s Gati shakti model include processes that act as catalysts for indirect job creation in sectors such as transport, logistics, mobility, food, consumer goods and manufacturing products. Up to 2021-22, 53,696 km of roadways were created which generated 21.8 crore man-days of employment. As mentioned before, round 6 crore people employed in unorganized sector between 2017-18 and 2019-20 have benefited from the SVANidhi Yojana – making PM Modi’s vision of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas a quintessential facet of employment for all.


People-first policies such as the flagship program for equitable housing, the PM Awas has created 2.39 crore indirect jobs up to 2022. Another great example of the ripple effect of employment generation can be seen in the form of Production Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes which enable the expansion of existing industries into larger ones, while promoting the creation of new ones. As an example, 5 lakh incremental jobs have been created in the mobile manufacturing sector due to PLI. As per the Economic Survey 2023, PLI schemes are slated to create 60 lakh jobs. In addition, India’s fintech adoption rate of 87% as against the world average of 64% has enabled the creation of an ecosystem that is touching the lives and livelihoods of all – including the self-employed and small business owners.


To this end, Rozgar Melas that aim to provide 10 lakh jobs in less than two years, and that meld employment opportunities and unique talent have been a boon for the economy. Rozgar Mela is a key step towards the fulfilment of the commitment to accord the highest priority to employment generation in the country. On 12th February, 2024, PM Modi distributed more than 1 lakh appointment letters to newly inducted recruits and also lay the foundation stone of Phase I of the Integrated Complex “Karmayogi Bhavan” to promote collaboration and synergy amongst various pillars of Mission Karmayogi. “Rozgar Melas are playing a crucial role in enhancing the contribution of our Yuva Shakti in nation building”, said PM Modi. Rozgar Mela will be held at 47 locations across the country this year with recruitments taking place across central government departments and state governments/UTs supporting this initiative. These melas ascribe gainful opportunities to the youth, the Amrit Generation, and create pathways for their direct participation in national development. Similarly, under the Prime Ministers Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), over 43.77 lakh people have got employment and the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) has led to the placement of over 24.51 lakh candidates.


As policy making becomes efficient, so do its representative tools; more than 19.9 lakh people have been placed in jobs through employment exchanges between 2017-2022. The government has incessantly been taking many measures to tackle unemployment issues and stem the unemployment rate. The Amrit generation is benefitting from a multi-pronged approach; if on the one hand, Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI), has benefitted around 2.94 lakh from 2014-15 to December 2022, on the other hand, over 1.80 lakh new job-creators and entrepreneurs are now operating under the Stand-Up India scheme.


New India – Naya Bharat – is one that thrives on a developed mindset with the aim of making the country Atmanirbhar, and a Vishwa Mitra – one the world leans on. As an example of this commitment, in the current financial year, Khadi has achieved a historic milestone by generating over 9.54 lakh new jobs. Be it our push towards renewable energy, creating a decarbonized energy sector which ranks India is 4th globally or the reduction of unemployment rate in rural areas, (decreased from 5.3% in 2017-18 to 2.4% in 2022-23) the commitment of PM Modi’s government to decisively mitigate unemployment stays foremost.


A spurt in the employment index is predicated on employment mobility to higher productivity jobs, rising job rates in secondary and tertiary sectors, promotion of women as economic catalysts and the increased formalisation of the unorganized, informal sector. PM Modi’s government has consistently come good on all the parameters which is the reason why milestone, upon milestone, Bharat’s journey towards becoming Atmanirbhar and the world’s third largest economy, is only a matter of time.