Gujarat Ports – Opening PORTals of Development

Published By : Admin | July 19, 2012 | 22:19 IST
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By Pankaj Kumar I.A.S. VC & CEO, GMB

Gujarat Maritime Board (India's first maritime board) was set up in 1982 with a broad mandate to regulate, operate and promote ports. Today, Gujarat has transformed itself as the maritime gateway of India.  GMB, an incubator of innovations, has come a long way from traditional port operations through its multiple port models


GMB: the early years

GMB did not meet success overnight. It struggled to find its feet and get its act together. Also, the large-scale investments in port capacity and infrastructure had not taken place then. In spite of this, Gujarat's ports had begun to make a difference; from a minor share of 41% in 1980-81, to a dominant share of 72% of total non-major ports throughput by 2010-11.

Major privatisation happened after 1991-92 with the state government deciding to develop Pipavav as a joint sector port with private participation. The Build Own Operate Transfer (BOOT) Policy and Ship Building Policy were also announced. Gujarat's success would not have been possible but for the far-sighted policies announced by the state from time to time.

Enhancing capacity

Careful planning and execution has ensured that the capacity of Gujarat's ports corresponds to the rise in traffic – since 2001, GMB ports have more than doubled their capacity from 135 million tons to 284 million tons in 2011.

Gujarat - Building India's edge

With high growth predicted, shipbuilding is a promising industry for Gujarat, which has an ancient legacy of shipbuilding. History has turned a full circle and shipbuilding is in the limelight once again. The total shipbuilding capacity of 10 operational shipyards in Gujarat is nearly 1.11 million DWT. At present, Gujarat enjoys more than 60% share in the Indian shipbuilding industry. According to the Maritime Agenda 2010-20, the national target is to capture 5% of the global market. Gujarat aims not just to maintain but also to expand its contribution to this target.

Port Cities, Greenfield ports and port based SEZs

With investments to the tune of 12,000 Cr., Gujarat is planning to have Mundra and Pipapav as port cities. Sites have been identified for having Greenfield ports at Chhara, Kachchigadh, and Dahej. Port development has also been planned at Mahuva, Nargol and Vansi Borsi. These sites have attracted investments worth 8,400 Cr. in the first phase. Almost half of 60 SEZs planned and 9 of the 13 existing SIRs in Gujarat are port based.

Multimodal transport and logistics

Ports, to be successful, must have excellent connectivity in terms of rail and road. GMB has taken the lead in privatisation of rail linkages through SPVs with the state, private port players and railways. This model has made broad-gauge rail connectivity possible at ports of Mundra, Dahej, Pipavav Navlakhi, Bhavnagar and Okha.

Northern India constitutes most part of the hinterland for GMB ports and to ensure seamless, uninterrupted and efficient multimodal transport connectivity, focus is on integrating the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) – 38% of which passes through Gujarat – and National Highways, with the roads leading to the ports in Gujarat.

Specialised berths

Realising the need for specialised terminals, instead of the multi-purpose berths, GMB has proposed specialised facilities. The country's first dedicated chemical terminal was set up at Dahej in 2001, followed by the country's 1st two-operational LNG terminals, at Dahej in 2004 and in 2005, at Hazira. Single Point Moorings (SPMs) for import of crude and export of  Petroleum Oil & Lubricant (POL) have also been created at Sikka, which houses the world's largest grass-root refinery. Another feather in the cap is the establishment of a dedicated car terminal and a coal terminal at Mundra.


Ro-Ro Ferry

Staying true to its vision of establishing a Ro-Ro ferry service to leverage the coastline and the two gulfs, GMB has initiated steps towards launching South Asia's first world-class Ro-Ro ferry service. South Gujarat and Saurashtra regions are to be linked by allowing vehicles and passengers to get on-board, thereby saving time, fuel and help in clearing congested road arteries. This would be an initiative towards a greener environment along with a significant reduction in distance.

Vessel Traffic Monitoring System

Various measures for enhancing port security via adoption of latest scanning, surveillance technologies etc., have been taken up on a priority basis as security is crucial to ports. In August 2010, to ensure safe navigation, the country's most advanced Vessel Traffic and Management System (VTMS) was made operational in the Gulf of Khambat, which was facing heavy traffic due to new ports. A similar system is being constructed in the Gulf of Kutch.

Maritime seats

With such rapid development driven by growth of cargo and fleet sizes, global demand for seafarers is expected to grow considerably by 2020. India's share of seafaring officers in the world is just 6% – mainly due to lack of awareness among youth about opportunities available in this sector.

GMB, committed to the development of the sector, has tied up with Gujarat University, Ahmedabad and Ganpat University, Mehsana for introduction of maritime related courses with specialisation in Ports, Shipping and Marine subjects at UG and PG levels.

Speaking of the future, Maritime Agenda 2020 estimates that by 2019-2020, non-major ports will overtake the major ports both in terms of capacity and traffic handled. Gujarat's ports are expected to continue bearing a dominant position in the sector in the next decade and GMB will continue to do its utmost to participate and facilitate the upcoming surge in India's global maritime ambitions.


The article is originally published at The GUJARAT, Magazine

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PM inaugurates and lays the foundation stone of multiple development initiatives worth over Rs. 1800 crores
July 07, 2022
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“Kashi today presents a picture of development with heritage”
“My Kashi is a great example of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas”
“The citizens of Kashi have given a message to the entire country that short-cuts cannot benefit the country”
“ The government has always tried to solve the problems of the poor, tried to support them in their happiness and sorrow”
“For us, development isn’t just glitter. For us, development means empowerment of the poor, downtrodden, deprived, backward, tribal, mothers and sisters”

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi today inaugurated and laid the foundation stones of multiple projects worth over Rs. 1800 crores at an event at Dr Sampurnanand Sports Stadium, Sigra, Varanasi. Governor of Uttar Pradesh Smt Anandiben Patel, and Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath were among those present on the occasion.

At the outset, the Prime Minister thanked the people of Uttar Pradesh and Kashi for the massive support that they gave in the recent elections.

The Prime Minister said that Kashi has always been alive and in constant flux. Now Kashi has shown a picture of the whole country which has a heritage as well as development. The Prime Minister said that schemes and projects of thousands of crores rupees have been completed and many are going on. He said the soul of Kashi is internal, however, relentless improvement in the body of Kashi is going on. He remarked that the development is making Kashi more mobile, progressive and sensitive. “My Kashi is a great example of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas”, he said.

The Prime Minister, who is MP from Kashi, commented “I am happy to see the way the aware citizens of Kashi have done the work to give direction to the country. The citizens of Kashi have given a message to the entire country that short-cuts cannot benefit the country.” He praised the local people for preferring long-lasting solutions and projects over temporary and short-cut solutions. He said improvements in infrastructure and other spheres have brought tourism to the city and created new opportunities for business and ease of living.

Talking about the upcoming Sawan month, the Prime Minister said devotees of Baba Vishwanath from all over the country and the world are going to come to Kashi in large numbers. This, he remarked, will be the first Sawan festival after the completion of the Vishwanath Dham project. He said people have experienced in the past months how much enthusiasm there is in the whole world about Vishwanath Dham. He said the government is moving ahead with a goal to make the experience of devotees as rich and easy as possible. Various Yatras of faith are being made easy and convenient.

“For us, development doesn't just mean glitter. For us, development means empowerment of the poor, downtrodden, deprived, backward, tribal, mothers and sisters”, the Prime Minister said. He said the government is working continuously on providing pucca houses and piped water to every household.

The Prime Minister said our government has always tried to solve the problems of the poor, tried to support them in their happiness and sorrow. From the free corona vaccine to the provision of free rations to the poor, the government has not left any opportunity to serve the people. Digital India, Ayushman Bharat, increasing medical infrastructure is creating new opportunities for the people. The Prime Minister remarked that on one hand, we are expanding the facilities for CNG-run vehicles to make the cities of the country smoke-free. On the other hand, we are also giving the option of connecting diesel and petrol-powered boats of our sailors with CNG and taking care of Ganga ji.

The Prime Minister also noted the enthusiasm of sportspersons for getting a new sports centre. The Prime Minister said that the government is working on making all facilities for Olympics sports available in Kashi. He said international facilities are being created in the redeveloped stadium at Sigra. This six decades-old stadium will be equipped with the facilities of the 21st century.

The Prime Minister asked the people of Kashi to keep Ganga and Varanasi clean and expressed the confidence that with the support of the people and blessings of Baba Vishwanath, all pledges for the city will be fulfilled.

Inauguration and foundation stone of multiple development initiatives

In the last eight years, the Prime Minister has put a lot of focus on infrastructure development in Varanasi. This has resulted in the transformation of the landscape of the city. The primary focus of this endeavour has been enhancing the ease of living for the people. Taking another step in this direction, during the programme, the Prime Minister inaugurated projects worth over Rs 590 crores. Among these are multiple initiatives under Varanasi Smart City and Urban Projects, including the re-development of Namo Ghat in Phase-I along with the construction of bathing jetty; conversion of diesel and petrol engines of 500 boats into CNG; redevelopment of Kameshwar Mahadev ward of Old Kashi and over 600 EWS flats constructed in village Harhua, Dasepur; new Vending Zone and urban place prepared under Lahartara-Chowka Ghat Flyover; tourist facility and market complex at Dashashwamedh Ghat; and 33/11 KV Substation at Nagwa under IPDS Work Phase-3.

The Prime Minister also inaugurated various road projects including the construction of Four Lane Road over Bridge (ROB) on Babatpur-Kapsethi-Bhadohi Road; Bridge on Varuna River on Central Jail road; widening of Pindra-Kathiraon Road; widening of Phoolpur-Sindhaura Link Road; strengthening and construction of 8 rural roads; construction of 7 PMGSY roads and widening of Dharsauna-Sindhaura road.

The Prime Minister also inaugurated various projects related to the improvement of sewerage and water supply in the district. These include rehabilitation of Old Trunk Sewer Line in Varanasi City through trenchless technology; laying of sewer lines; over 25000 sewer house connections in Trans Varuna area; leakage repair works in Sis Varuna area of the city; rural drinking water scheme at Taatepur village, etc. Various social and education sector-related projects to be inaugurated include ITI at Village Mahgaon, Phase-II of Vedic Vigyan Kendra in BHU, Govt. Girls Home at Ramnagar, Theme Park in Govt. Old Age Women Home at Durgakund.

The Prime Minister inaugurated a synthetic athletic track and synthetic basketball court in Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar Sports Complex, Bada Lalpur and various police and safety fire projects including non-residential Police Station building at Sindhaura, construction of hostel rooms, barracks in Mirzamurad, Cholapur, Jansa and Kapsethi police stations and building of Fire Extinguisher Centre in Pindra.

During the programme, the Prime Minister also laid the foundation stone for projects worth more than Rs 1200 crores. Among these are multiple road infrastructure projects including a six-lane widening of road from Lahartara - BHU to Vijaya Cinema; four-lane widening of road from Pandeypur Flyover to Ring Road; Four lanes of road from Kuchaheri to Sandaha; widening and strengthening of Varanasi Bhadohi Rural Road; construction of five new Roads and four CC roads in Varanasi rural area; construction of ROB near Babatpur railway station on Babatpur-Chaubeypur road. These projects will significantly help in reducing the traffic load on city and rural roads.

To give a fillip to tourism in the region, Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of multiple projects including the development work of the Sarnath Buddhist Circuit under the World Bank-aided UP Pro-Poor tourism development project, construction of Paavan Path for Asht Vinakaya, Dwadash Jyotirling Yatra, Asht Bhairaw, Nav Gauri Yatra, Tourism Development work of five stoppages in Panchkosi Parikrama Yatra Marg and Tourism development various wards in Old Kashi.

The Prime Minister also laid the foundation of Phase 1 of redevelopment works of Sports Stadium at Sigra.