Gujarat Ports – Opening PORTals of Development

Published By : Admin | July 19, 2012 | 22:19 IST

By Pankaj Kumar I.A.S. VC & CEO, GMB

Gujarat Maritime Board (India's first maritime board) was set up in 1982 with a broad mandate to regulate, operate and promote ports. Today, Gujarat has transformed itself as the maritime gateway of India.  GMB, an incubator of innovations, has come a long way from traditional port operations through its multiple port models


GMB: the early years

GMB did not meet success overnight. It struggled to find its feet and get its act together. Also, the large-scale investments in port capacity and infrastructure had not taken place then. In spite of this, Gujarat's ports had begun to make a difference; from a minor share of 41% in 1980-81, to a dominant share of 72% of total non-major ports throughput by 2010-11.

Major privatisation happened after 1991-92 with the state government deciding to develop Pipavav as a joint sector port with private participation. The Build Own Operate Transfer (BOOT) Policy and Ship Building Policy were also announced. Gujarat's success would not have been possible but for the far-sighted policies announced by the state from time to time.

Enhancing capacity

Careful planning and execution has ensured that the capacity of Gujarat's ports corresponds to the rise in traffic – since 2001, GMB ports have more than doubled their capacity from 135 million tons to 284 million tons in 2011.

Gujarat - Building India's edge

With high growth predicted, shipbuilding is a promising industry for Gujarat, which has an ancient legacy of shipbuilding. History has turned a full circle and shipbuilding is in the limelight once again. The total shipbuilding capacity of 10 operational shipyards in Gujarat is nearly 1.11 million DWT. At present, Gujarat enjoys more than 60% share in the Indian shipbuilding industry. According to the Maritime Agenda 2010-20, the national target is to capture 5% of the global market. Gujarat aims not just to maintain but also to expand its contribution to this target.

Port Cities, Greenfield ports and port based SEZs

With investments to the tune of 12,000 Cr., Gujarat is planning to have Mundra and Pipapav as port cities. Sites have been identified for having Greenfield ports at Chhara, Kachchigadh, and Dahej. Port development has also been planned at Mahuva, Nargol and Vansi Borsi. These sites have attracted investments worth 8,400 Cr. in the first phase. Almost half of 60 SEZs planned and 9 of the 13 existing SIRs in Gujarat are port based.

Multimodal transport and logistics

Ports, to be successful, must have excellent connectivity in terms of rail and road. GMB has taken the lead in privatisation of rail linkages through SPVs with the state, private port players and railways. This model has made broad-gauge rail connectivity possible at ports of Mundra, Dahej, Pipavav Navlakhi, Bhavnagar and Okha.

Northern India constitutes most part of the hinterland for GMB ports and to ensure seamless, uninterrupted and efficient multimodal transport connectivity, focus is on integrating the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) – 38% of which passes through Gujarat – and National Highways, with the roads leading to the ports in Gujarat.

Specialised berths

Realising the need for specialised terminals, instead of the multi-purpose berths, GMB has proposed specialised facilities. The country's first dedicated chemical terminal was set up at Dahej in 2001, followed by the country's 1st two-operational LNG terminals, at Dahej in 2004 and in 2005, at Hazira. Single Point Moorings (SPMs) for import of crude and export of  Petroleum Oil & Lubricant (POL) have also been created at Sikka, which houses the world's largest grass-root refinery. Another feather in the cap is the establishment of a dedicated car terminal and a coal terminal at Mundra.


Ro-Ro Ferry

Staying true to its vision of establishing a Ro-Ro ferry service to leverage the coastline and the two gulfs, GMB has initiated steps towards launching South Asia's first world-class Ro-Ro ferry service. South Gujarat and Saurashtra regions are to be linked by allowing vehicles and passengers to get on-board, thereby saving time, fuel and help in clearing congested road arteries. This would be an initiative towards a greener environment along with a significant reduction in distance.

Vessel Traffic Monitoring System

Various measures for enhancing port security via adoption of latest scanning, surveillance technologies etc., have been taken up on a priority basis as security is crucial to ports. In August 2010, to ensure safe navigation, the country's most advanced Vessel Traffic and Management System (VTMS) was made operational in the Gulf of Khambat, which was facing heavy traffic due to new ports. A similar system is being constructed in the Gulf of Kutch.

Maritime seats

With such rapid development driven by growth of cargo and fleet sizes, global demand for seafarers is expected to grow considerably by 2020. India's share of seafaring officers in the world is just 6% – mainly due to lack of awareness among youth about opportunities available in this sector.

GMB, committed to the development of the sector, has tied up with Gujarat University, Ahmedabad and Ganpat University, Mehsana for introduction of maritime related courses with specialisation in Ports, Shipping and Marine subjects at UG and PG levels.

Speaking of the future, Maritime Agenda 2020 estimates that by 2019-2020, non-major ports will overtake the major ports both in terms of capacity and traffic handled. Gujarat's ports are expected to continue bearing a dominant position in the sector in the next decade and GMB will continue to do its utmost to participate and facilitate the upcoming surge in India's global maritime ambitions.


The article is originally published at The GUJARAT, Magazine

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed a public meeting in Mysuru, Karnataka, seeking blessings from Tai Chamundeshwari. Expressing reverence, he bowed to the feet of Tai Chamundeshwari, Tai Bhuvaneshwari, and Tai Kaveri, symbolizing the essence of power inherent in the land of Mysuru and Karnataka. Acknowledging the significant presence of the people, especially the mothers and sisters of Karnataka, PM Modi emphasized the state's resounding call for the return of the Modi government.

"Today marks a pivotal moment for the Lok Sabha election and the next five years," stated PM Modi, referencing the release of BJP's manifesto. He highlighted the manifesto as a guarantee of promises, affirming the commitment to construct three crore new homes for the impoverished, ensure continued free rations for the needy, offer free medical treatment under the Ayushman scheme for senior citizens above seventy, and empower three crore women to become 'Lakhpatis'. These assurances, he asserted, would significantly enhance the quality of life for every individual in Karnataka.

Reflecting on the transformative journey of Digital India over the past decade, PM Modi underscored BJP's vision for the future, promising monumental changes. He envisioned a future India marked by world-class infrastructure, innovation hubs, and advancements in technology.

“The BJP's manifesto is now a picture of the future and bigger changes. This is the new picture of India. Earlier, India was known for dilapidated roads. Now, expressways are the identity of India. In the coming times, India will amaze the world with its world-class network of expressways, waterways, and airways,” the Prime Minister said.

PM Modi reaffirmed BJP's commitment to promoting local languages and preserving heritage sites like Mysuru, Hampi, and Badami, thereby fostering tourism and generating employment opportunities in Karnataka. He said, “Now, India will emerge as the world's biggest Innovation Hub. That means we will create cheap medicines, cheap technology, and cheap vehicles for the entire world. India will become the world's research and development hub. And a fund of one lakh crore rupees will also play a major role in scientific research. Karnataka is the IT and technology hub of the country. The youth here will benefit greatly from it.”

"For the realization of these goals, BJP and the NDA are indispensable," declared PM Modi, emphasizing the party's track record of delivering on promises. He cited landmark achievements such as the abrogation of Article 370, legislation against triple talaq, reservation for women, and the construction of the Ram Temple as evidence of BJP's unwavering resolve.

PM Modi acknowledged the invaluable guidance of senior leaders like Shri HD Deve Gowda and the dedication of experienced leaders like Shri BS Yediyurappa, highlighting their pivotal roles in Karnataka's development.

The Prime Minister invoked Karnataka's rich heritage and tradition of sacrifice for the nation's unity and integrity, contrasting it with the divisive agenda of the Congress party. PM Modi said, “Karnataka is the carrier of that great tradition, which teaches to sacrifice everything for the unity and integrity of the country. Here, there is the tradition of Saints of Sutturu Math, the voice of unity of the national poet Kuvempu, the pride of Field Marshal Cariappa, and the development work done by the king Krishnaraja Wodeyar of Mysuru is still an inspiration for the country. This is the land where the mothers of Kodagu dream of sending their children to the army for national service.”

"The Congress party is playing with fire for power," warned PM Modi, condemning its divisive tactics and anti-national rhetoric. He criticized Congress for its attempts to hinder the country's progress and its open appeasement policies, urging voters to reject the politics of opportunism and deception. “The Congress party today is roaming around like the ‘Sultan’ of a ‘Tukde-Tukde’ gang. The dangerous intentions of dividing, breaking, and weakening the country are still the same in the Congress party today,” said PM Modi.

“While India's stature and respect are increasing globally, Congress leaders go abroad to denigrate the country. When the country gives a fitting reply to its enemies, Congress demands proof of surgical strikes from the army. When an organization involved in terrorist activities is banned, Congress works with its political wing,” the Prime Minister added.

Highlighting the achievements that Karnataka attained in the last ten years, PM Modi said, “The network of national highways has been greatly expanded here. The expressway between Mysuru and Bengaluru has given this region new momentum. Today, along with the country, the Vande Bharat trains are also running in Karnataka. Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, people in more than eight thousand villages are starting to get water from taps. These results show that if the intention is right, then the results are right too.”

“Modi gives an account of his ten years. Have you ever seen Congress being held accountable for its sixty years? No, right? Because Congress only knows how to create problems, and how to deceive. The people of Karnataka are trapped in this agony. The Karnataka Congress Party has become an ATM state of looting. Due to open looting, the government treasury has been emptied. Development and welfare schemes are being discontinued,” he added.

While concluding his address, PM Modi urged the people of Karnataka to vote for BJP candidates, emphasizing their role in strengthening his leadership and shaping India's future. Underscoring the importance of their participation in the democratic process, PM Modi said, ‘Every vote you cast for them on April twenty-sixth will strengthen Modi and determine the future of the country.”