Shri Narendra Modi's speech on Pravasi Bhartiya Divas 2012 at Jaipur.

Published By : Admin | January 9, 2012 | 19:53 IST
Comments 1 Comments
"It is always a pleasure to return to this event year on year. The Pravasi Bhartiya Divas is a unique platform which gives us an opportunity to deliberate the development agenda with the Overseas Indians. This interaction gives a world’s view on our development process."
"India has the largest Diaspora in the world after China, estimated at 25 million"
"This includes a large number of Gujaratis, who have travelled to foreign lands and made it big."
"The Non-resident Gujaratis are now spread all around the globe and are settled in various countries including USA, UK, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Australia and the Gulf."
"I think we need a major shift in the way we have been thinking. We need to think afresh. We need to change our strategies and theories from the roots."

Place : Jaipur,  Date : 9-01-2012


Hon’ble Union Minister, my colleague Chief Ministers,Distinguished Overseas Indians, Honoured Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen!

It is always a pleasure to return to this event year on year. The Pravasi Bhartiya Divas is a unique platform which gives us an opportunity to deliberate the development agenda with the Overseas Indians. This interaction gives a world’s view on our development process.

With the efforts of all of us, India has emerged in the frontline of the world economy. It is not only the efforts of industrious people residing in this country but also the support and dedication of all of you – India's sons and daughters – that has enabled us to grow faster. This event provides us an opportunity to reaffirm our commitment to make India stronger each day, in every sphere.

India has the largest Diaspora in the world after China, estimated at 25 million, as per UNDP 2010 report. India is also one of the largest ‘sending’ nations in Asia, with an emigration rate of 0.8%, of which 72% work in other Asian countries. Also, as per UNESCO Institute for Statistics, the number of Indian students abroad tripled from 51,000 in 1999 to over 153,000 in 2007, making India second after China among the world’s largest ‘sending’ countries for tertiary students. This includes a large number of Gujaratis, who have travelled to foreign lands and made it big.

The Gujarati Diaspora forms an important part of the great Indian Diaspora. The Non-resident Gujaratis are now spread all around the globe and are settled in various countries including USA, UK, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Australia and the Gulf. Being an important component of the host societies, providing services in sectors as diverse as medicine, engineering, hospitality, retail, information technology and financial services, they are making immense contribution to the socio-economic, cultural and political life of the host countries.

The Diaspora is very special to Gujarat. Residing in distant lands, its members have succeeded spectacularly in their chosen professions by dint of their single-minded dedication and hard work. What is more, they have retained their emotional, cultural and spiritual links with the land of their origin. It is manifest in the Diaspora’s desire to make emotional and socio-economic contribution and investment in Gujarat by promoting and establishing hospitals, schools, colleges and various other public assets. They have successfully lobbied in their host countries for foreign investment in India and in influencing policies that are in India’s interests. Their role in getting the latest technology and their contribution to the enrichment of religious and cultural life cannot be exaggerated.

Friends!, when we say India is emerging, we must see that every Indian benefits from the growth. In fact, all economies around the world are putting stress on inclusive growth today. We all know what inclusive growth means and how important it is. But the million dollar question is ‘How do we achieve that?’Unfortunately, there are very few models left on which we can rely. Many philosophies have been tested. Many techniques have been tried. The human race has mastered how to make anything and it also knows how to destroy it. But when it comes to “inclusive growth”, no strategy, no science, no management theory has proved to be enough. How do we overcome this? I think we need a major shift in the way we have been thinking. We need to think afresh. We need to change our strategies and theories from the roots.

I strongly feel that the biggest problem of the present model of development is that it is based on exploitation. The way natural resources are depleting, the way the gap between the rich and the poor is widening, the way consumerism is flourishing, the way ill-will among nations is increasing; are all due to this basic lacunae of our present model. This cannot sustain.

We must bring a paradigm shift from this model of exploitation to the model of nurturing and fostering.We have to find and exchange technologies which ensure optimum utilization of natural resources. We have to find ways that ensure maximum satisfaction and value for the consumers and workers, not just the producers.We need to broaden our horizon. We cannot limit the terms ‘development’ and ‘growth’ to economic development. Moreover, we also need to think beyond the present needs.A model with a holistic view of human life and the surroundings is essential for our sustainable development- a model that combines the people, resources and amenities; a model that combines the past, the present and the future; a model that does not just consume but also regenerates resources. I can say that such models are available in many emerging nations. I have the humility to say that India has the best answer to this. I am proud to say that the great son of Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi has showed us a way in this direction.

We, in India, have been taught “SarveJanahaSukhinoBhavantu” (let all be happy).We have been taught to worship the elements of nature. Serving the deprived and the disadvantaged has been imbibed in our social traditions. These thoughts have been embedded in our epics and scriptures since ancient times. And our modern Mahatmagaveus a golden rule for translating these values and concepts into action. Gandhiji gave a one liner. He said, “If you are in a dilemma, just remember the face of the last person who is going to be affected by your decision”. ‘UNTO THE LAST’ is thus the best guiding principle for inclusive growth.However, we have misinterpreted it to mean just ‘trickle down’ of wealth and development. This is not enough. Just distribution is not enough. It will not reach till the last person. It will not reach to him at the time when he needs it. It will not be available in the manner and form in which he needs it. What we need is models of development where people are not just beneficiaries. Rather they are made equal partners in the process of development. People should be involved right from the beginning of the development cycle, not just at the end. And that is why in Gujarat we are working on the mantra “SabkaSaath, SabkaVikaas” (Development of all with co-operation of all). This is a total shift from the traditional approach wherein the government is perceived as the giver and the people as takers. In Gujarat, efforts for inclusive growth are made not only through Government policies but by the action of the society as a whole. Development is with involvement of the private sector through PPP projects, through ‘Jan Bhagidari’ (people’s involvement) and with better involvement of public servants.

Let me give you a few examples. We have not only created robust and world class infrastructure like ports & roads on PPP basis, but have also given access to good medical facilities to the poor, through Chiranjeevi & Balsakha Yojana, by involving private sector gynaecologists and paediatricians.This has saved lives of many mothers and infants in recent years. In the water sector, we have created lakhs of water harvesting structures like farm ponds, boribunds and checkdams through ‘jan bhagidari’ We are also involving the community in helping the poor like the drive for collection of toys for poor children, giving food to the children of Aanganwadis (Teethi Bhojan), collecting milk for the poor and so on. We encourage the public servants to take up social development projects under the ‘Swantah Sukhay’ scheme. My cabinet colleagues, bureaucrats and their families enjoy being a part of drives like Kanya Kelavani Rath Yatra (for promoting girl child education) and drive for promoting quality education (Gunotsav). Our agriculture scientists and other administrative staff tread in villages for a month in scorching heat to educate our farmers about modern scientific practices in agriculture during Krishi Mahotsav.

And the results are there for all to see. Gujarat is consistently achieving double digit growth in GDP since last so many years. The State which was never known for agriculture development has now achieved an unprecedented double digit growth in agriculture against an average national growth of 2 to 3%. The ground water tables are rising due to the water conservation drive. As per Census 2011, the State has shown more than 13 per cent increase in female literacy in the last decade, one of the highest among Indian States. School drop-out rate has reduced drastically by 29.77 per cent. These are but a few examples of the success of our approach to inclusive growth.

The best of intentions can go haywire without efficient delivery mechanisms. To address this, we organise Garib Kalyan Melas to deliver assistance under various schemes under one umbrella. This has led to time bound and efficient delivery, ending the scope for middlemen or manipulation. We have decentralised our administration upto Taluka (sub district) level and are reinvigorating the grass root administration through the concept of Apno Taluko, Vibrant Taluko (our sub-district be vibrant).

One factor that has contributed substantially to the success of our robust yet inclusive model is e–governance. It has been a great enabler for efficient and transparent delivery. Having connected all our villages through WAN and broadband, we track the health of mothers and new-borns with e-mamta, we track the school drop-out rates with software, our farmer knows the profile of his soil through soil health card, we redress the grievances of common citizens through SWAGAT online. We are now moving on to M-governance by sending SMS alerts to citizens for immunisation and other services.

Friends !, when we talk of inclusive growth, we also pay special attention on certain less developed sections and regions. Schemes were being run for these sections since years together. But they were fragmented among multiple departments of the government with the result that both the government and the beneficiaries were clueless regarding the actual meaningful impact on the life of the beneficiaries. We have addressed this through a unique convergence approach. We have clubbed the benefits under various schemes under a package so that what the beneficiaries get is more meaningful and holistic rather than just for the sake of it. Our flagship Programmes of Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana for Tribal belts, Sagarkhedu Sarvangi Vikas Yojana for Coastal belts and Garib Samruddhi Yojanafor Urban poor take a holistic view of the needs of the people.

You will be happy to know that inclusiveness has been so well engrained in our approach and systems that even our Vibrant Gujarat Global Investment Summits, which are more known for attracting huge investments and participation of who’s who of the business world, have a special focus on social sectors like health care, urban poor, education, women empowerment etc. In the Vibrant Summitof 2011, the limelight projectwas creation of Mission Mangalam for empowerment of poor, especially the women. The State Government and the Corporates have joined hands and created Gujarat Livelihood Promotion Company Ltd. (GLPC)to run this programme. It seeks to mobilize the poor into Self Help Groupsand build capacities, nurture skills, assist them with micro finance and proper market linkages. You will also be happy to know that more than 50% of the 8000 plus MOUs signed during the last Vibrant Summit are for medium and small enterprises.

Friends !, our model of inclusive growth not only takes care of the present but also the future generations. Inclusiveness thus Includes Sustainability.Gujarat has set up a dedicated Department for Climate Change – the first provincial Government in the world to do so. We are focussing on non renewable energy in a big way. We are setting up a 500 MW Solar Park. Wehave signedPPA for 1000 MW of Solar Power. With an installed capacity of 2255 MW of wind power, weare contributing more than 4500 million units of electricity. More importantly,we are also simultaneously focussing on conserving energy through technologies that ensure higher energy efficiency, on reduction of transmission and distribution losses and on adopting green technologies. I have listed some thoughts on this in my book on climate change which is titled ‘Convenient Action: Gujarat’s response to Challenges of Climate Change’.Our mass transportation project BRTS in Ahmedabad has been acclaimed worldwide. Our state-wide gas and water grids are not mere distribution systems but also a measure to reduce distribution losses. We are popularising micro irrigation in a big way to save water and energy. This is how we include climate justice for the posterity in our model of inclusive growth.

It is quite gratifying that our efforts in governance are being applauded the world over. We have received more than 200 national and international awards in last nine years for Good Governance. We are getting such awards on weekly basis nowin recognition of excellence in various fields. However, we treat these awards as another milestone in our journey. They are only indicators that we are in the right direction. We want to do still better because we want India to do better. The Diaspora has arich experience of systems, disciplines and work culture at the global level. Many of them also have an understanding of our local issues. Let us bring the best available in the world to India to bring more and more smiles on the face of every Indian.


Vande Mataram !

Jai Jai Garvi Gujarat !

Share your ideas and suggestions for Mann Ki Baat now!
21 Exclusive Photos of PM Modi from 2021
Explore More
Kashi Vishwanath Dham is a symbol of the Sanatan culture of India: PM Modi

Popular Speeches

Kashi Vishwanath Dham is a symbol of the Sanatan culture of India: PM Modi
Make people aware of govt schemes, ensure 100% Covid vaccination: PM

Media Coverage

Make people aware of govt schemes, ensure 100% Covid vaccination: PM

Nm on the go

Always be the first to hear from the PM. Get the App Now!
This is the best time to invest in India: PM Modi at World Economic Forum's Davos Agenda
January 17, 2022
“During Corona time, India saved many lives by supplying essential medicines and vaccines while following its vision of ‘One Earth, One Health’”
“India is committed to become world’s reliable partner in global supply-chains”
“This is the best time to invest in India”
“Not only India is focussing on easing the processes in its quest for self-reliance, it is also incentivizing investment and production”
“India is making policies keeping in mind the goals of next 25 years. In this time period, the country has kept the goals of high growth and saturation of welfare and wellness. This period of growth will be green, clean, sustainable as well as reliable”
“‘Throw away’ culture and consumerism has deepened the climate challenge. It is imperative to rapidly move from today’s ‘take-make-use-dispose’ economy to a circular economy”
“Turning L.I.F.E. into a mass movement can be a strong foundation for P-3 i.e ‘Pro Planet People”
“It is imperative that every democratic nation should push for reforms of the multilateral bodies so that they can come up to the task dealing with the challenges of the present and the future”


On behalf of 130 crore Indians, I convey my greetings to the dignitaries from all over the world gathered at the World Economic Forum. Today when I am talking to you, India is tackling another Corona wave with caution and alertness. Parallelly, India is also moving ahead in the economic field with many promising results. Today, India is filled with the excitement of the celebrations of 75 years of its independence and also with the confidence of having administered 160 crore corona vaccine doses in just one year.


A strong democracy like India has gifted the whole world a beautiful gift, a bouquet of hope. In this bouquet, we Indians have an unwavering trust on democracy; this bouquet has the technology that will empower the 21st century; and it also has temperament and the talent of us Indians. The Multi-Lingual, Multi-Cultural environment in which we Indians live is a great power not only of India but of the whole world.This strength teaches not only to think for oneself in times of crisis, but also to work for the humanity. During the Corona time, we have seen how India, following the vision of 'One Earth, One Health', is saving crores of lives by providing necessary medicines and vaccines to many countries. Today India is the world's third largest pharma producer; it’s a pharmacy to the world. Today, India is among those countries of the world whose health professionals and doctors are winning everyone's trust through their sensitivity and expertise.


Sensitivity is tested in times of crisis, but India's strength is an example for the whole world at the moment. During this crisis, India's IT sector has saved all the countries of the world by working round the clock.Today India is sending record software engineers to the world. More than 50 lakh software developers are working in India. Today India has the third largest number of Unicorns in the world. More than 10 thousand start-ups have been registered in the last 6 months. Today India has a huge, secure and successful digital payments platform. Last month alone, 4.4 billion transactions have been done through Unified Payments Interface in India.


The digital infrastructure that India has developed and adopted over the years has become a huge strength of India today. Technological solutions like Arogya-Setu App for tracking Corona Infections and CoWin Portal for Vaccination are a matter of pride for India. The online facilities offered by India's CoWin portal - from slot booking to certificate generation, has caught the attention of people from bigger countries as well.


There was a time when India was identified with the license raj and majority of the things were controlled by the government. I understand the challenges that have been there for doing business in India in those days. We are constantly trying to overcome all the challenges. Today India is promoting Ease of Doing Business, minimizing government interference. India has made its corporate tax the most competitive in the world by simplifying and reducing it. Last year alone, we have eliminated more than 25 thousand compliances. India has regained the confidence of the business community by reforming measures like retrospective taxes. India has also deregulated many sectors like Drones, Space, Geo-spatial mapping. India has made major reforms in the outdated telecom regulations related to IT sector and BPO.


India is committed to becoming a trusted partner in the world in global supply-chains. We are making way for free-trade agreement with many countries. The ability of Indians to adopt Innovation, new technology; the spirit of entrepreneurship of Indians; can give new energy to every global partner of ours. So this is the best time to invest in India. Entrepreneurship among Indian youth is at a new height today. In 2014 where there were few hundred registered startups in India, their numbers have crossed 60 thousand today. It also has more than 80 unicorns, of which more than 40 formed in 2021 itself. Just as expat Indians are showing their skills on the global stage, in the same way Indian youth are fully ready, geared up to give new heights to the all your businesses in India.


India's commitment to deep economic reforms is another major reason that is making India the most attractive destination for investment today. During the Corona period, when the world was focusing on interventions like Quantitative Easing Program, India paved the way for reforms. The biggest projects to modernize digital and physical infrastructure got unprecedented momentum in the Corona times itself. More than 6 lakh villages in the country are being connected with optical fibre. An investment of $1.3 trillion is being made, especially on connectivity infrastructure. Through Innovative financing tools like Asset monetization a target to generate $80 billion has been set. India has also launched the Gati Shakti National Master Plan to bring every stakeholder on the same platform for promoting development. Under this National Master Plan, work will be done on infrastructure planning, development and implementation in an integrated manner. This will give a new impetus to seamless connectivity and movement of Goods, People and Services.


While following the path of self-reliance, India's focus is not only on easing the processes, but also on incentivizing investment and production. With this approach, today, Production Linked Incentive schemes worth $26 billion have been implemented in 14 sectors.The $10 billion incentive plan to roll out the fab, chip and display industry is a testament to our commitment to making the global supply chain smooth. We are moving ahead with the spirit of Make in India, Make for the world. Along with telecom, insurance, defence, aerospace, now there are limitless possibilities offered by India in the field of semiconductors as well.


Today India is drafting policies, taking decisions with regard to the present as well as the goals of the next 25 years. For this period, India has set the targets of high growth and saturation of welfare and wellness. This period of growth will also be green, it will also be clean, it will also be sustainable, it will also be reliable. Continuing the tradition of making big commitments and living up to them for the global good, we have also set a target of net zero by 2070. India, with 17 per cent of the world's population, may contribute 5 per cent, only 5 percent in Global Carbon Emission, but our commitment to tackle Climate Challenge is 100 percent. Initiatives like International Solar Alliance and Coalition for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure for Climate Adaptation are proof of this. As a result of the efforts of the past years, today 40% of our Energy Mix is coming from non-fossil fuel sources. We have already achieved the commitments made by India in Paris, 9 years before their target.


In the midst of these efforts, we also have to recognize that our lifestyle is also a big challenge for the climate. 'Throw away' culture and consumerism have made the climate challenge more serious. It is very important to rapidly shift today's 'take-make-use-dispose', economy towards circular economy.The same spirit is at the core of the idea of Mission LIFE that I discussed at COP-26. LIFE - means Lifestyle for Environment, a vision of such a Resilient and Sustainable Lifestyle which will be useful in not only dealing with Climate Crisis but also with futuristic unpredictable challenges. Therefore, it is important to transform Mission LIFE into a global mass movement. A public participation campaign like LIFE can be made into a big base for, P-3 'Pro Planet People'.


Today, at the beginning of 2022, when we are brainstorming over these issues in Davos, India also considers its responsibility to make everybody aware of few more challenges. Today, with the change in the global order, the challenges we have been facing as a global family are also increasing. To combat these, there is a need for collective and synchronized action by every country, every global agency. Supply chain disruptions, inflation and climate change are few examples of these challenges. Another example is cryptocurrency. The kind of technology that is associated with it, the decisions taken by a single country will be inadequate to deal with its challenges. We have to have a common mindset. But looking at the global scenario today, the question is whether multilateral organizations are ready to deal with the new world order and new challenges; is that strength left in them? When these institutions were formed, the situation was different. Today the circumstances are different. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every democratic country to emphasize reforms in these institutions so that they can come up to the task of tackling the challenges of present and future. I am sure there will be a positive dialogue in this direction during the discussions in Davos.


In the midst of new challenges, the world today needs new avenues, new resolutions. Today, every country in the world needs cooperation with each other more than ever before. This is the way to a better future. I am sure this discussion in Davos will expand this spirit. Once again, I got a chance to meet you all virtually. Many thanks to you all.