Hon’ble CM dedicates Smriti Van on 63rd Van Mahotsav

Place: Mangadh Hill, Santrampur Taluka, Panchmahal

  •  A healthier system for the society is erected everytime Van Mahotsav is celebrated.
  •  The state government started Science schools in some 45 Adivasi talukas and as a result —all Adivasi seats of medical and engineering colleges are filled today.
  •  Adivasis held such high regards for Shri Govind Guru that when Britishers came to kill him, they didn’t escape but instead fought the British officials bravely.
  •  Martyrdom can’t be ignored, says Shri Modi
  •  Gujarat government has accomplished the task of providing houses to the Adivasis people living under 0-16 poverty line.
On the occasion of 63rd Van Mahotsav, Chief Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Smriti Van in Mangadh, the birth place of Shri Govind Guru, an unsung hero of India’s freedom struggle. At the event Shri Modi talked about how the Adivasi brothers and sisters under the leadership of Govind Guru laid down their lives for India’s independence. You can view the details of the event here.

A warm welcome to all my dear tribal ladies and gentlemen who have come from Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat to this holy land where people shed their blood for the freedom struggle under the leadership and guidance of Shri Govind Guru, the unsung hero of India’s independence.

It may have happened for the first time that a government has organised a Van Mahotsav in a forest! Gujarat government has started a new trend. The government, on occasions such as Van Mahotsav celebrations, has not only made promises of saving the environement and preventing deforestation but, has also associated the occasion with cultural heritage. Have you ever seen a board reading don’t destroy a Tulsi (basil) plant? I am sure the answer is ‘No’. The reason is everyone believes Tulsi is a holy plant and a form of God, so it must not be destroyed. It points out to one thing that once faith is developed for a thing, people and society unintentally preserve and nurture it. The state government has thus changed the entire concept of Van Mahotsav. We know that Van Mahotsav celebrations are being held for the past so many years in the state, then why can’t we make this custom permanent? Celebrating the event with people and planting few trees with good intension, the state government has given a new shape to Van Mahotsav program. This way a healthier system is developed for the society.

When you go to Ambaji, you get shelter inside the temple. But if you wish to sit in the open along with your family, then you won’t find a place to sit. Long before the concept of celebrating Van Mahotsav was ideated, we had decided to create ‘Mangalya Van’ nearby Ambaji Hill and nobody would be allowed to visit it. Gradually Mangalya Van grew so vast and thousands of people on their way to Ambaji on ‘Bhadarvi Poonam’ would visit the Van. Jain travelers, especially Digambar Jains, when go to Taranga pilgrimage, have to cross the hills of Taranga and friends believe me, there you will not see any trees growing . There is one such belt where you will find deserted and barren land only. Thus we decided to create ‘Tirthankar Van’ on that deserted land and plant trees where the 24th Tirthankar had attained enlightenment. We told people who came to worship Lord Mahavir to water the plants there. Ladies and gentlemen, Shravan month is going on and everyone worships Lord Bholenath. When you visit Somnath, strong brackish wind from the sea blows. Then why can’t we have plush greenery in the same area? People from across the country come to visit Somnath temple. We should thus make the place worth a visit. So keeping this in mind, we organized one Van Mahotsav at Somnath and created ‘Harihar Van’ there. We thus planted saplings that are dear to Lord Somnath and grew a canopy of ‘Bili’ (aegle marmelos) trees. In Shamalaji, your tribal Bhil society’s Kaliya, is in Shamlaji. People while going to Udaipur and Shrinathji halt at Shamalaji. Now friends, we have created Kaliya van at Shamalaji —‘Shamal Van’.


If  this is not it, we have made an arrangement where a lotus plucked from the Kaliya Van is offered to Lord Vishnu daily every morning. Also a child who goes to the Van and wishes to study botany, can do so. He can also get his assessment done via ‘kiosk’ and obtain marks for the same. The child can thus pay a visit to the Shamlaji temple and go to the botanical gardern. Ladies and gentlemen, devotees have to climb up a hill in Palitana, a piligrimage place. We have developed a ‘Pavak Van’ there and the speciality of that van is that it is built in the shape of a human body. The trees that have been grown in the Van have medicinal value. The saplings are planted in such a way—for example a tree, that has a medicinal value of treating knee pain or other knee related problems, has been grown at the place of knee in the human body. After visiting the van, even the most illiterate person would be able to tell which tree has what medicnal values and how these can be helpful in curing body ailments. If you spend some time in the van, you would surely come to know the utility of trees.

Ladies and gentlemen, we have carried out several such experiments. If you go to Chotila, you will come across ‘Bhakti Van’. Come to Pavagadh, and you will see ‘Virasat Van’. It is the world heritage site of Champaner where you will also find Ma Kali seated majestically. Today when we talk about Van Mahotsav, mention of Shri Govind Guru makes the tribal people as well as every Indian feel proud.

However, unfortunately this name has been erased from the history books. Only a few families, or a couple of abbots might still have few memories of Shri Govind Guru. People of Mangadh might visit this place once a year on Poornima (full moon) or whenever a fair is held there. It is thus only during these times that Shri Govind Guru is remembered by the people.

Friends! It is a historic event. It has been almost one century. 99 years ago under the tutelage of Shri Govind Guru, unarmed group of devotees working as social reformers raised their voice against the British Empire and instilled fear amongst its officers. During pre-indpendence times, Shri Govind Guru in London was known as a social reformer of Santrampur-Dahod belt of Panchmahal district, who wandered and talked to people and spread awareness among them about India’s independence. Shir Guru had such a personality that people were ready to sacrifice their lives for him and the cause he supported. This was how people in London knew Shri Govind Guru. It was also feared that an intense battle for India’s freedom would be triggered soon. So a conspiracy to kill Shri Govind Guru was planned and people were hired for the same. The Adivasis friends held such high regards for Shri Govind that when the Britishers came to kill him, the Adivasis didn’t escape or run but instead fought the British officials bravely.

The British were equipped with cannons and barrels of guns; fierce firing started and one after another my Adivasi brothers sacrificed their lives only to save Shri Govind Guru. Dead bodies could be seen everywhere and friends imagine, the number of people who died fighting were double the number of people who were massacarred at Jallianwala Bagh by the Britishers. The bloodbath that took place at Jallianwala Bagh is there in the history of India’s Independence but there is no mention of Mangadh massacre. The sacrifice made by my Adivasis brothers has been forgotten. People like Birsa Munda and more than 1500 Adivasi youth led by Shri Govind Guru laid down their lives without any hesitation, only to make India free from the clutches of British empire, but unfortunately no one remembers sacrifices made by them.

Today I felt the urge to tell the whole world about the unheard story of Mangadh. When we have cenetary celebrations, the Adivasi people can visit this place throughout the year. Processions will continue and in 2013 when the celebrations get over, we will be proud of the fact that everyone celebrated the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and Pundit Nehru among other luminaries. But it is disheartening to know that people have forgotten the sacrifice made by Shri Govind Guru and his Adivasi followers.

There is someone in Gujarat who has remembered Shri Govind Guru and wants to celebrate centenary. People might feel that the government is doing all this because of the upcoming elections, but gentlemen, it is not our fault that centenary and elections are falling around the same time. People who associate such things with election and politics are insulting the martyrs!

Ladies & gentlemen, Shyamji Krishna Verma, who led armed revolution in India, and discovered great personalities like Veer Savarkar, had instilled bravery in people like Madan Lal Dhingra. Revoltunationists like Bhagat Singh-Sukhdev-Azad considered Madan Lal Dhingra an inspiration. Shyamji Krishna Verma, son of Kutch, fought the freedom struggle against the Britishers in London. He gave scholarships to those who were involved in armed revolution for the freedom struggle. Shyamji Krishna Verma, at the time of his death in 1930, left a note stating “I could not see freedom in my lifetime, but preserve my remains and it is my last wish that whenever my country becomes free, take my remains to the land of my free country, so that I can get salvation and peace”. This is what Vermaji had written before he took his last breath. He died in 1930 and India got freedom in 1947. The tricolor was hoisted on 15th August and ignoring Vermaji’s last wishes, the Indian government didn’t sent someone to bring his remains on the very next day. The government did not care for the country’s martyrs.

Friends! I got the privilege and carried the ashes of the son of Mother India on my shoulders and brought them to India from the foreign land in 2003. Today, a memorial of Shyamji Krishna Verma has been built in Mandavi in Kutch. Now every year thousands of students and tourists from all over the world visit this monument. A day will come when people from all over the world will come here to pay rich tributes to more than 1500 martyr Adivasi youths and visit the the place.

Ladies and gentlemen, it has been so many years after India’s independence, and there have been several social reforms. We have conducted a small exhibition if you wish, you can visit it. In those days, Shri Govind Guru used to motivate the Adivasi people. Whatever he said during those times, is rendered useful even today.

He would prepare devotees under ‘Bhagat Panth’ and worked for the society’s betterment. He spent so many years of his life in prison at Sabarmati jail of Ahmedabad. British government feared Shri Govind Guru and thus sent him to Hyderabad jail and compelled him to spend his life there. It is sad to admit that no one remembers Shri Govind Guru. One shall be discouraged from failing to remember a person who has devoted his life for the welfare of Adivasis. We have made a resolution so that coming generations will remember Shri Govind Guru and we want to send this message across to everyone. Martyrdom can’t be ignored and let to go waste. If Adivasi youth comes to know about the fact that their ancestors sacrificed their lives for such a noble cause, I am sure they will also get inspiration from Shri Govind Guru.

Ladies and gentlemen, all these years after independence, all the governments have been unsuccessful in carrying out any welfare work for the Adivasis. They gathered thousands of votes in the name of welfare of the Adivasis but in vain as their standard of living didn’t change and remained the same. The government has tried to provide drinking water to the Adivasis; water for irrigation of the fields and a house for shelter—the government has taken care of it all.

Ladies and gentlemen, we have accomplished the task of providing houses to the Adivasis people living under 0-16 poverty line. And now we are going to consider people who fall between 17 and 20 poverty line. And the task of providing houses to more than 2 lakh Adivasis will be done by next December.

Just imagine, we have begun working for the welfare of the society and have scaled these heights. Nobody could achieve what we achieved in a span of 50 years. Rs15,000 crore package was decided to be allotted to ‘Van Bandhu Kalyan’ scheme but Rs18,000 crore was given and it has been now scaled to Rs40,000 crore. Friends the allotment money is huge for the Adivasis!

Friends, violence among people from different casts in the name of reservation is incited by people. But friends I would ask you do you get benefit from the reservation? If the son of an Adivasi wants to become a doctor or an engineer, don’t you think he would first be required to study Science in his school till standard 12th? You will be sorry to know that in entire Adivasi belt from Umargam to Ambaji there was no Science school. When I came in 2001, there were 45 such talukas in the state where earlier there were no Science schools up to standard 12th. If there is no Science school up to standard 12th, how do think an Adivasi child can become a doctor or an engineer? How will he get the benefit of reservation? You keep politics alive by spreading lies in the name of reservation and do nothing for the welfare of Adivasis. Ladies & Gentlemen, we started Science schools in all the 45 tribal talukas and the result was —all Adivasi seats of medical and engineering colleges are filled today. We have worked in this direction so as to help a deserving Adivasi boy or a girl child become a doctor or an engineer. We started nursing schools and ITIs in Adivasi areas. We took care of the education and growth of the Adivasi children.

Friends there was a time when Adivasi brothers of Panchmahal district would make a living out of working as a construction labour in the cities in the extreme heat of 44° temperature. Today I am proud to say that every taluka of Panchmahal district is home to many Adivasi road contractors. They now use JCB machines. Recently during a Sadbhavna Mission program few people from the Adivasi community of Bakshi Panch came to meet me. These people rear donkeys and then use them to carry sand. They had brought a plastic toy for me which they gifted me at the Sadbhavna program. I was pleased and asked, “Why have you gifted me this plastic JCB toy? There is no one at my home to play with it.” They said, “Sir, we have brought this JCB as till yesterday we used donkeys to carry sand and other road construction material. But now we have progressed as the government under your leadership has shown us the right path. We got this JCB so that we could show you the sample and thank you for the same”. Today Adivasis of Panchmahal and Dahod have become contractors who were once laborers in the cities. In the Dang district, there were no schemes for the welfare of Adivasi brothers. We took up milk production work in Dang district and worked in the direction of providing cattle. Now Adivasis of Dang district have become self-sufficient. We have begun a campaign in Dahod for increasing the milk production capacity and availability of milk-yielding animals. On one side we offered cattle to Adivasis so that they earn a descent livelihood by selling milk, on the other hand the government sitting in Delhi has started giving subsidies to slaughter houses. The Delhi government gives subsidy of Rs50 crores to slaughter houses for exporting beef and is also exporting lakhs of tons of beef to foreign countries.

Friends, this is the same country where the revolt of 1857 took place when Indian sepoys were forced to use cartridges greased with the fat of cow and pig and the government in Delhi today is offering prmotionl prizes for exporting beef! When the country was facing severe crisis, Govind Guru gave up his life for the noble cause of saving the cow. Govind Guru wandered from one village to another and taught people to take care of the cows. On Shri Govind Guru’s insistence, many people embraced martyrdom and became a threat to the British government. Mangadh has brought glory to Gujarat and in the memory of the martyrs of this holy land, we created the Shahid Smriti Van. Ladies and gentlemen, if we want to fight environment, we will have to save trees and sow saplings too.

It becomes a concern for everyone when monsoon gets delayed. Whether it is a king or a beggar…everyone in the country gets worried. There are some useless people too, who perfrom ‘yagna’ to please the God and pray that it rains. As that will benefit them in the votebank politics during elections. Elections will come and go my friends. If it doesn’t rain, a lot of problems will occur. So let us all pray that may God shower his blessings in the form of rain and Gujarat becomes plush green. Let us take this opportunity in our hands. Rain is the greatest blessings of God and without which life is not feasible on the Earth.

Ladies and gentlemen, we have chosen the path of development and want to carry out work accordingly. We want to change lives of the Adivasi people of our state! Recently the government of India published a figure. The government officials said there is unemployment in the entire country, and if there is minimum unemployment anywhere in India, it is the state of Gujarat. Had the Gujarat government not made progress, the youth of this state would have remained unemployed. If youngsters do not get employment, the living status of their families will never change for good and our struggle for growth will be halted. We want to teach every youth via ‘Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana’, skill development and proficiency development programs so that they can develop strength that will enable them to even draw water from stones.

Friends, Mangadh is a very difficult terrain, but today I can see a huge crowd gathered here. Several people have gathered here for the occasion. We wanted to go back into the time and remember Shri Govind Guru. Ladies and gentlemen, seeds of a better and free India were sown here on this land of Mangadh. Nobody after today will be able to forget Shri Govind Guru as I can visualize people trying to erase him from the pages of history. No one can forget the bravery with which our Adivasi brothers and sisters fought for India’s independence.

My Adivasi peole let us not only preserve forests but also increase the number of trees. You would have seen that each village here is allotted Rs15 to 20 lakh. Take advantage of the government scheme. Plant as many trees as you can and our government will give you money for planting each tree. When so much money is coming your way, you should not show your back and grow trees. I would want to convey a message to the officials of Forest Department that they should also engage in work that is not part of their jobs. Friends by doing such great work, you will be remembered all your life. It gives me immense pleasure to witness such historic work in progress. In future, you can bring your children here to show them your work. Your children will learn from this. Now say with me ‘Govind Guru Amar Raho’. Also repeat after me ‘Shahido…’ (Martyrs) first ‘Amar Raho…’

Govind Guru, Amar Raho… Govind Guru, Amar Raho…!

Shahidon, Amar Raho… Shahidon, Amar Raho… Shahidon, Amar Raho…!

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Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a person with universal vision: PM Modi
April 14, 2021
Baba Saheb Ambedkar had a universal vision: PM Modi
Baba Saheb Ambedkar gave a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage: PM
We have to give opportunities to the youth according to their potential. Our efforts towards this is the only tribute to Baba Saheb Ambedkar: PM


Present with me in this programme, Gujarat Governor Acharya Shri Dev Vrat ji, the country’s Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank ji, Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Vijay Rupani ji, Education Minister of Gujarat Shri Bhupendra Singh ji, Chairman of UGC Prof. D.P.Singh ji, Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Ami Upadhyay ji, Association of Indian Universities President Prof. Taj Pratap ji, all dignitaries and friends.

Today when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, the occasion of Babasaheb Ambedkar ji's birth anniversary also connects us with that great yagna and also with the inspiration of the future. On behalf of the grateful nation and all the countrymen, I pay my respectful homage to Babasaheb.


During the freedom struggle, millions and millions of our freedom fighters dreamt of a harmonious and inclusive India. Babasaheb made the beginning in realizing those dreams in the form of the Constitution to the country. Today India is creating a new future and achieving new dimensions of success by following the same Constitution.


Today, the 95th meeting of the Vice Chancellors of Association of Indian Universities is taking place on this auspicious day. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University has announced the establishment of 'Babasaheb Samarasta Chair'. The four books written by Shri Kishore Makwana ji have also been released on Babasaheb's life, his thoughts and ideals. I congratulate all the dignitaries involved in these efforts.


India has been the mother of democracy in the world. Democracy has been an integral part of our civilization and our way of life. Babasaheb laid a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage. When we read and understand Babasaheb, we realize that he was a person of universal vision.

There is a clear vision of Babasaheb's philosophy in Shri Kishore Makwana ji's books. While one of his books introduces Babasaheb’s “Jeevan Darshan” (philosophy of life), the other focuses on “Vyakti Darshan” (individual philosophy). Similarly, the third book highlights Babasaheb's “Rashtra Darshan” (national philosophy), whereas the fourth book “Aayam Darshan” will introduce his philosophy of dimension to the countrymen.  These four philosophies are no less than modern scriptures in themselves.

I would like our new generation in colleges and universities to read more and more of such books. All these dimensions, whether it is the inclusive society, the concern for the rights of the Dalit-deprived society, the question of upliftment and contribution of women, or Babasaheb's vision on education and especially on higher education, will offer an opportunity to the youth of the country to understand Babasaheb.


Doctor Ambedkar would say:

"My three revered deities are -- Knowledge, self-respect and politeness.” Self-respect comes with knowledge and makes a person aware of his or her rights. Through equal rights, social harmony emerges and the country progresses.

We are all familiar with Babasaheb's struggles of life. The position that Babasaheb reached after so many struggles is a great inspiration for all of us. Our education system and universities have this responsibility to carry the country forward on the path shown by Babasaheb Ambedkar. And when it is the issue of common goals and shared efforts as a nation, collective efforts become the means of accomplishment.

Therefore, I think the role of Association of Indian Universities becomes very important. AIU also has the legacy of scholars like Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ji, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Smt. Hansa Mehta and Dr. Zakir Hussain.

Dr. Radhakrishnan ji would say: “The end-product of education should be a free creative man, who can battle against historical circumstances and adversities of nature”.

It implies that education should be such which should liberate the person, so that he can think openly, and make something new with a new thinking. He believed that we should develop our education management as a unit of the entire world. But at the same time, he emphasized the Indian character of education. This becomes even more important in the global scenario today.

Here special issues were released on the new 'National Education Policy' and plan for its implementation. These issues are detailed documents how National Education Policy is a futuristic policy, a policy of global parameters. You all scholars are familiar with the nuances of the National Education Policy. The purpose of education that Dr. Radhakrishnan ji spoke about is reflected in the core of this policy.

I am told that this time the theme of the seminar is - 'Implementing National Educational Policy-2020 to Transforming Higher Education in India'. All of you deserve congratulations for this.

I have been constantly discussing NEP with experts. National Education Policy is as practical as its implementation.


You have dedicated your entire life to education. You all know very well that every student has his own capability and capacity. Based on these capabilities, students and teachers also have three questions.

First: What can they do?

Second: What is their potential if they are properly taught?

And, third, what they want to do?

What a student can do is his inner strength. But if we add institutional strength to his inner strength, his development becomes expansive. With this combination, our youth can do what they want to do. Therefore, the country’s special emphasis is on skill development. As the country is moving ahead with the mission of the AatmaNirbhar Bharat, the role and demand of skilled youths is also increasing.


In view of the strength of skills, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee had placed greater emphasis on the collaboration of educational institutions and industries decades ago. Today, the country has immense opportunities, and there are new industries of modern times. India is being looked upon as a future centre of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, 3D printing, Virtual Reality, Robotics, mobile technology, geo-informatics, smart healthcare and defence sector. The country is taking huge steps to meet these requirements.

Indian Institutes of Skills are being set up in three big metropolitans of the country. The first batch of the Indian Institute of Skills has already started in Mumbai a few months ago in December. The Future Skills Initiative was launched with NASSCOM in 2018. This initiative offers training in more than 150 skill sets in 10 emerging technologies.


The new National Policy on Education also provides for NETF which emphasizes the maximum use of technology in education. We want all universities to be multi-disciplinary. We want to give flexibility to students so that they can complete courses anywhere easily through the easy entry-exit and Academic Bank of Credit. Every university in the country will have to work together to achieve all these goals. All the Vice Chancellors have to pay special attention to this.

A huge skill pool will be created in our universities for the new possibilities that we can create in the country. All of you are requested to work in this direction more expeditiously and the work should be completed within a stipulated time.


The country is rapidly transforming the lives of the poor, Dalits, the victims, the exploited and the deprived following the footsteps of Babasaheb Ambedkar. Babasaheb talked about equal opportunities and equal rights. Today, schemes like Jan Dhan accounts are leading to financial inclusion of every person and through DBT money is reaching directly to their accounts.  The BHIM UPI that was launched for the digital economy has become a great strength for the poor today. Today, every poor person is getting a house and free electricity connection. Similarly, work is in the progress to provide clean water to villages under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

When there was a corona crisis, the country stood up for the poor and the labourers. There is no discrimination among the poor and the rich in the world's largest vaccination program. This is the path shown by Babasaheb and these are his ideals.


Babasaheb always emphasized on women empowerment and made many efforts in this direction. It is with this vision that the country is giving new opportunities to its daughters today. From toilets at home and schools to combat roles in the army, women are at the centre of every policy of the country today.

Similarly, the country is working to spread Babasaheb's message to the people. The places associated with Babasaheb are being developed as Panch Teerth.

A few years ago, I had the opportunity to dedicate the Dr. Ambedkar International Centre. Today, this Centre is emerging as a centre of research on social and economic issues and on Babasaheb's life.


Today, we are close to 75 years of independence, and we have goals for the next 25 years. The country’s future, the future goals and successes of the country are linked to our youth. It is our youth who will fulfill these resolutions. We have to give opportunities to the youth of the country to the best of their ability.

I am confident that our collective resolve and conscious efforts of the education world will realise this dream of a New India.

Our efforts and the hard work will be our tribute to Babasaheb.

With these good wishes, I once again thank you all very much. I wish you all the very best on Navratri. I also extend my special greetings on the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Many thanks.