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Chancellor Merkel, Members of the Media

I want to sincerely thank Chancellor Merkel and Germany for the very warm welcome that my delegation and I have received.

I am especially grateful that in the first year of my Government, India was chosen as a partner country for the largest industrial trade fair in the world.

Chancellor Merkel was generous with her time for me, my delegation and the CEOs of several Indian companies in Hannover. Today, my delegation and I have once again been heartily welcomed in Berlin.

I also thank her for the very open, constructive and perceptive discussions on relations between India and Germany. This is a reflection of her deep concern for Germany’s interests and her commitment to India – Germany relations.

Yesterday in Hannover, she accepted the invitation of India’s Lion to raise the level of Germany’s engagement in India and assured me of a strong response by Germany’s Eagle. I believe that there will be a strong partnership between the King of the Earth, Lion and the King of the Skies, the Eagle.

When I last came to Berlin, Germany was successful in winning the World Cup Final. This time in Berlin, I feel that we will also be successful in taking the strategic partnership between India and Germany to new heights.

Whenever anyone in India talks about technology, manufacturing or high quality, Germany is the first country that comes to the mind. So, it is natural that when India has embarked on a new journey for ‘Make in India’ for economic development and employment, we look forward to Germany’s strong partnership.

Whatever objectives we think of in terms of economic transformation and improvement in quality of life of ordinary citizens, technology, skills, innovation and investment will play an important role in it.

My objective of coming to Germany was not only to invite the German industry to India, but to assure them that they would find an open and stable environment, which would be easy to do business in; and that they will have my full support to invest and work in India.

I feel deeply encouraged by the enthusiasm and interest that I have seen in Chancellor Merkel and Germany. Equally, the feedback that I have got will be of great benefit to me in framing our policies.

I have also decided that we will establish a mechanism for German companies to facilitate their investment and business in India.

Our goal of ‘Make in India’ and creating employment for our youth depends on skill development in our country. Germany is a world leader in this field. India will have to pursue its skill development programme in accordance with its own circumstances. But at the same time, there is a lot that we can learn from Germany. We had a detailed discussion on the subject. Similarly, we intend to further strengthen our close cooperation in the areas of science, technology and education.

An area that has great priority for me personally and for my country is renewable energy and energy efficiency. As I have already said, we intend to add 175 Giga Watts of renewable energy during the next seven years. Germany is a strong partner in the development of clean energy. We would also like your cooperation on manufacturing of equipment for clean and renewable energy in India; and enhance our shared efforts to address the challenge of climate change.

Development of India as a manufacturing hub and expansion of infrastructure of India would also be beneficial for trade. Our imports would also grow. And, it is natural that German companies would benefit a lot from it. In this context, I would also like to state that negotiations between India and European Union on a Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement have remained stalled for two years. I have requested Chancellor Merkel that India and European Union should resume the negotiations quickly and conclude a balanced and mutually beneficial agreement at the earliest.

We would also like to enhance our cooperation in the area of advanced technology and defence manufacturing. I hope that the German companies would participate enthusiastically in this and that your government would support them fully.

Chancellor Merkel and I had also discussed international developments. We in India believe that economic momentum in Europe is important for the global economy and European stability for global peace. The world looks to Germany for leadership in addressing both challenges. I also congratulate her on the successful outcome of talks with Iran. This will be beneficial for the entire region. Instability and violence in West Asia affects the security of our citizens at home. Peaceful and democratic development of Afghanistan is important for both of us. The direction that Asia-Pacific region will take in this century will be of great significance to the entire world.

The spread of terrorism is growing and its character is changing. The threat is coming close to us across every region of the world. We need a comprehensive global strategy to deal with this global challenge, in which India and Germany can work together. Equally, in the coming days, maritime cyber and space security would be a matter of concern to everyone and we should increase our cooperation in this area as well.

It is my belief that India and Germany are two countries that have earned the right to be permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. Our membership will also be beneficial to the world. We both would like to see tangible progress in the United Nations Security Council reforms during the 70th Anniversary year of the United Nations.

We also look forward to a successful outcome of COP-21 in Paris this year.

Once again, I would like to thank everyone, especially Chancellor Merkel for a very successful and productive visit and I look forward eagerly to hosting Chancellor Merkel in India in October.

Thank you.

PM’s Reply to the questions during the Joint Press Statement with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at Berlin

प्रधानमंत्री की जर्मनी यात्रा से संबंधित प्रश्न का उत्तरः

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: आज पूरे विश्व का ध्यान भारत की तरफ जा रहा है। भारत दुनिया की सबसे तेज गति से आगे बढ़ने वाली Economy के रूप में उसने अपनी जगह बनाई है। भारत के पास तीन प्रमुख ऐसी सुविधाएं हैं, जो विश्व में किसी के पास नहीं है। Demographic Dividend, Democracy and Demand. और इन तीनों बातों को देखें तो भारत में manufacturing hub बनने की पूरी संभावना है। जहां low cost manufacturing हो, “zero defect-zero effect” के साथ हो और दुनिया के सभी investors के लिए भारत एक ऐसी जगह है कि जहां पर विपुल मात्रा में work force है।

जहां बहुत बड़ी मात्रा में domestic मांग है और जहां की democratic values हैं। जो जर्मनी और भारत दोनों समान रूप से share करते हैं। तो एक ऐसा माहौल है कि जिसके कारण विश्व के अनेक देशों को और जर्मनी को विशेष रूप से भारत अनुकूल है। जर्मनी की ताकत है manufacturing, विश्व की आवश्यकताओं की पूर्ति के लिए German companies और भारत देश का माहौल, ये दोनों मिलकर के काम करे तो विश्व की अनेक आवश्यकताओं को हम बहुत अच्छे ढंग से पूरा कर सकते हैं।

भारत का work force जो कि इस manufacturing sector में तैयार होगा। वो आने वाले दिनों में एक world work force के रूप में convert हो सकता है। भारत में रोजगार, ये सबसे बड़ी आवश्यकता है और इसलिए हमारा ध्यान manufacturing hub बनाने की दिशा में है।

Hannover fair में जितनी कंपनियां मिलीं बाद में चांसलर मर्केल ने एक शाम डिनर रखा था, यहां के industrial houses के साथ, उसमें भी विस्तार से चर्चा हुई है और मैं देख रहा हूं कि चाहे skill development का काम हो, चाहे vocational education की बात हो, चाहे railway में technology up-gradation हो, expansion हो, Defence manufacturing sector का काम हो, engineering sector की विकास की नई क्षितिज हो, सभी क्षेत्रों में आज German कंपनियां, भारत के साथ मिलकर के काम करने के लिए तैयार हैं। और मेरी और चांसलर मर्केल के बीच जो बातचीत हुई है, उसके कारण इन कंपनियों का भी विश्वास बढ़ा है और उन कंपनियों का भी विश्वास बढ़ा है।

मुझे लगता है कि आने वाले दिनों में human resource development का काम हो, professional management का काम हो, manufacturing की दिशा में आगे बढ़ने की बात हो, सभी क्षेत्रों में जर्मनी और भारत सफलतापूर्वक आगे बढ़ेंगे, इस विश्वास के साथ मैं आज यहां से लौट रहा हूं।

वैश्विक आतंकवाद के मुद्दे से संबंधित प्रश्न का उत्तरः

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: मैं मानता हूं कि terrorism ये मानवता के लिए एक बहुत बड़ा खतरा है। जो भी मानवतवाद में विश्वास करते हैं। उनकी भाषा कोई भी हो, भू-भाग कोई भी हो, परंपराएं कोई भी हो लेकिन मानवतावादी शक्तियों का एक होना बहुत आवश्यक है और सभी मानवतावादी शक्तियों ने आतंकवाद के खिलाफ एक स्वर से, एक ही intensity के साथ बोलने की आवश्यकता है, collectively efforts करने की आवश्यकता है।

और हम देख रहे हैं आज से 25 साल पहले हम भारत के लोग दुनिया को आतंकवाद के खतरे की बात बताते थे तो कुछ लोग हमें कहते थे, ये आपका law and order problem है। आज दुनिया को समझ आया है कि कितना भयंकर रूप होता है और ये मानवता के खिलाफ एक लड़ाई है। जब तक हम मानवतावादी शक्तियों को एकत्र नहीं करते हैं और हम आतंकवाद के सामने समान रूप से व्यवहार नहीं करते हैं, उनको खुला मैदान मिल जाता है। उनको शस्त्र जहां से मिलते हो, उस पर से रोक कैसे लगे? आतंकवादियों को shelter देने वाली अगर सरकारें हैं तो उन सरकारों पर दबाव कैसे पैदा किया जाए? जितनी sensitivity nuclear weapon को लेकर के है, उतनी ही आतंकवाद को पनाह देने वालों देशों के प्रति भी होनी चाहिए। अगर ये ही एक मूड बनता है और हम आतंकवाद को और आतंकवाद को समर्थन करने वालों को isolate करना ये हमारी पहली strategy होनी चाहिए और दुनिया इस पर गंभीरता से सोचेगी।

दूसरा महत्वपूर्ण काम है United Nation में बहुत लंब अर्से से एक प्रस्ताव चर्चा पर pending पड़ा हुआ है। जिसमें आतंकवाद की definition होना बहुत आवश्यक है। मैं चाहूंगा कि जब United Nation अपने 70 साल पूर्ण करने जा रहा है। उस resolution को पारित करे, define करे और दुनिया के लोगों के लिए बंधनकर्ता चीजों का regulation तैयार करे। तब जाकर के एक platform पर से इस मानवता विरोधी पृवत्तियों के खिलाफ दुनिया को एकत्र किया जा सकता है। मैं चांसलर मर्केल के विचारों से परिचित हूं। वे आतंकवाद के खिलाफ उतने ही स्पष्ट विचार रखती हैं, जितना कि हम भारत के लोग पिछले 30 साल से आतंकवाद से परेशान हैं। हम अनुभव करते हैं और मैं मानता हूं कि अब पूरी दुनिया, जिस प्रकार से आतंकवाद फैल रहा है और अधिक सजग बनकर के और अधिक साथ मिलकर के इस मानवता की रक्षा के लिए काम करेंगी।

संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद (UNSC) में, भारत की स्थायी सदस्यता से संबधित प्रश्न का उत्तर: 

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: एक विषय जो आपने पूछा है permanent membership, security council में, मैं दुनिया का इस बात की ओर ध्यान आकर्षित करना चाहता हूं। आप जानते हैं कि ये वर्ष UN के 70 साल हो रहे हैं और पूरा विश्व ये वर्ष प्रथम विश्व युद्ध की शताब्दी के वर्ष से गुजर रहा है। विश्व को मालूम होना चाहिए कि भारत के सैनिक प्रथम विश्व युद्ध में 75 thousand से ज्यादा सैनिक शहीद हुए थे और प्रथम विश्व युद्ध में 14 लाख से ज्यादा भारत के सैनिकों को हिस्सा लेना पड़ा था। उसमें भारत का कोई हित नहीं था, भारत की कोई योजना नही थी। UN के बाद आप देखिए Peace Keeping Force, सबसे ज्यादा सैनिक Peace Keeping Force में जो राष्ट्र भेजे जाते हैं, उनमें एक नाम भारत का है। Peace Keeping Force में भी UN के मार्गदर्शन में उत्तम से उत्तम कार्य करने के लिए बार-बार भारत की सराहना होती है और भारत जिसका इतिहास और संस्कृति कभी भी ये वो देश जिसने युद्ध नहीं किया है, आक्रमण नहीं किया है।

वो देश जहां अहिंसा के दूत महात्मा गांधी पैदा हुए थे, वो देश जहां गौतम बुद्ध पैदा हुए थे, जहां की संस्कृति, परंपरा, शांति को समर्पित है, उस देश को अगर United Nation में permanent membership security council न मिले, उसके लिए 70 साल तक उसको इंतजार करना पड़े, तब सवाल उठता है कि शांति पर भरोसा करने वाले, शांति के लिए जीने वाले, शांति जिनके DNA में है, ऐसे देश के प्रति अब न्याय होना चाहिए, समय बहुत चला गया है।

Thank you

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Text of PM’s Address at the 95th Meeting of AIU and National Seminar of Vice Chancellors
April 14, 2021
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Baba Saheb Ambedkar had a universal vision: PM Modi
Baba Saheb Ambedkar gave a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage: PM
We have to give opportunities to the youth according to their potential. Our efforts towards this is the only tribute to Baba Saheb Ambedkar: PM

Namaskar!

Present with me in this programme, Gujarat Governor Acharya Shri Dev Vrat ji, the country’s Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank ji, Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Vijay Rupani ji, Education Minister of Gujarat Shri Bhupendra Singh ji, Chairman of UGC Prof. D.P.Singh ji, Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Ami Upadhyay ji, Association of Indian Universities President Prof. Taj Pratap ji, all dignitaries and friends.

Today when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, the occasion of Babasaheb Ambedkar ji's birth anniversary also connects us with that great yagna and also with the inspiration of the future. On behalf of the grateful nation and all the countrymen, I pay my respectful homage to Babasaheb.

Friends,

During the freedom struggle, millions and millions of our freedom fighters dreamt of a harmonious and inclusive India. Babasaheb made the beginning in realizing those dreams in the form of the Constitution to the country. Today India is creating a new future and achieving new dimensions of success by following the same Constitution.

Friends,

Today, the 95th meeting of the Vice Chancellors of Association of Indian Universities is taking place on this auspicious day. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University has announced the establishment of 'Babasaheb Samarasta Chair'. The four books written by Shri Kishore Makwana ji have also been released on Babasaheb's life, his thoughts and ideals. I congratulate all the dignitaries involved in these efforts.

Friends,

India has been the mother of democracy in the world. Democracy has been an integral part of our civilization and our way of life. Babasaheb laid a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage. When we read and understand Babasaheb, we realize that he was a person of universal vision.

There is a clear vision of Babasaheb's philosophy in Shri Kishore Makwana ji's books. While one of his books introduces Babasaheb’s “Jeevan Darshan” (philosophy of life), the other focuses on “Vyakti Darshan” (individual philosophy). Similarly, the third book highlights Babasaheb's “Rashtra Darshan” (national philosophy), whereas the fourth book “Aayam Darshan” will introduce his philosophy of dimension to the countrymen.  These four philosophies are no less than modern scriptures in themselves.

I would like our new generation in colleges and universities to read more and more of such books. All these dimensions, whether it is the inclusive society, the concern for the rights of the Dalit-deprived society, the question of upliftment and contribution of women, or Babasaheb's vision on education and especially on higher education, will offer an opportunity to the youth of the country to understand Babasaheb.

Friends,

Doctor Ambedkar would say:

"My three revered deities are -- Knowledge, self-respect and politeness.” Self-respect comes with knowledge and makes a person aware of his or her rights. Through equal rights, social harmony emerges and the country progresses.

We are all familiar with Babasaheb's struggles of life. The position that Babasaheb reached after so many struggles is a great inspiration for all of us. Our education system and universities have this responsibility to carry the country forward on the path shown by Babasaheb Ambedkar. And when it is the issue of common goals and shared efforts as a nation, collective efforts become the means of accomplishment.

Therefore, I think the role of Association of Indian Universities becomes very important. AIU also has the legacy of scholars like Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ji, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Smt. Hansa Mehta and Dr. Zakir Hussain.

Dr. Radhakrishnan ji would say: “The end-product of education should be a free creative man, who can battle against historical circumstances and adversities of nature”.

It implies that education should be such which should liberate the person, so that he can think openly, and make something new with a new thinking. He believed that we should develop our education management as a unit of the entire world. But at the same time, he emphasized the Indian character of education. This becomes even more important in the global scenario today.

Here special issues were released on the new 'National Education Policy' and plan for its implementation. These issues are detailed documents how National Education Policy is a futuristic policy, a policy of global parameters. You all scholars are familiar with the nuances of the National Education Policy. The purpose of education that Dr. Radhakrishnan ji spoke about is reflected in the core of this policy.

I am told that this time the theme of the seminar is - 'Implementing National Educational Policy-2020 to Transforming Higher Education in India'. All of you deserve congratulations for this.

I have been constantly discussing NEP with experts. National Education Policy is as practical as its implementation.

Friends,

You have dedicated your entire life to education. You all know very well that every student has his own capability and capacity. Based on these capabilities, students and teachers also have three questions.

First: What can they do?

Second: What is their potential if they are properly taught?

And, third, what they want to do?

What a student can do is his inner strength. But if we add institutional strength to his inner strength, his development becomes expansive. With this combination, our youth can do what they want to do. Therefore, the country’s special emphasis is on skill development. As the country is moving ahead with the mission of the AatmaNirbhar Bharat, the role and demand of skilled youths is also increasing.

Friends,

In view of the strength of skills, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee had placed greater emphasis on the collaboration of educational institutions and industries decades ago. Today, the country has immense opportunities, and there are new industries of modern times. India is being looked upon as a future centre of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, 3D printing, Virtual Reality, Robotics, mobile technology, geo-informatics, smart healthcare and defence sector. The country is taking huge steps to meet these requirements.

Indian Institutes of Skills are being set up in three big metropolitans of the country. The first batch of the Indian Institute of Skills has already started in Mumbai a few months ago in December. The Future Skills Initiative was launched with NASSCOM in 2018. This initiative offers training in more than 150 skill sets in 10 emerging technologies.

Friends,

The new National Policy on Education also provides for NETF which emphasizes the maximum use of technology in education. We want all universities to be multi-disciplinary. We want to give flexibility to students so that they can complete courses anywhere easily through the easy entry-exit and Academic Bank of Credit. Every university in the country will have to work together to achieve all these goals. All the Vice Chancellors have to pay special attention to this.

A huge skill pool will be created in our universities for the new possibilities that we can create in the country. All of you are requested to work in this direction more expeditiously and the work should be completed within a stipulated time.

Friends,

The country is rapidly transforming the lives of the poor, Dalits, the victims, the exploited and the deprived following the footsteps of Babasaheb Ambedkar. Babasaheb talked about equal opportunities and equal rights. Today, schemes like Jan Dhan accounts are leading to financial inclusion of every person and through DBT money is reaching directly to their accounts.  The BHIM UPI that was launched for the digital economy has become a great strength for the poor today. Today, every poor person is getting a house and free electricity connection. Similarly, work is in the progress to provide clean water to villages under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

When there was a corona crisis, the country stood up for the poor and the labourers. There is no discrimination among the poor and the rich in the world's largest vaccination program. This is the path shown by Babasaheb and these are his ideals.

Friends,

Babasaheb always emphasized on women empowerment and made many efforts in this direction. It is with this vision that the country is giving new opportunities to its daughters today. From toilets at home and schools to combat roles in the army, women are at the centre of every policy of the country today.

Similarly, the country is working to spread Babasaheb's message to the people. The places associated with Babasaheb are being developed as Panch Teerth.

A few years ago, I had the opportunity to dedicate the Dr. Ambedkar International Centre. Today, this Centre is emerging as a centre of research on social and economic issues and on Babasaheb's life.

Friends,

Today, we are close to 75 years of independence, and we have goals for the next 25 years. The country’s future, the future goals and successes of the country are linked to our youth. It is our youth who will fulfill these resolutions. We have to give opportunities to the youth of the country to the best of their ability.

I am confident that our collective resolve and conscious efforts of the education world will realise this dream of a New India.

Our efforts and the hard work will be our tribute to Babasaheb.

With these good wishes, I once again thank you all very much. I wish you all the very best on Navratri. I also extend my special greetings on the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Many thanks.