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Chancellor Merkel, Members of the Media

I want to sincerely thank Chancellor Merkel and Germany for the very warm welcome that my delegation and I have received.

I am especially grateful that in the first year of my Government, India was chosen as a partner country for the largest industrial trade fair in the world.

Chancellor Merkel was generous with her time for me, my delegation and the CEOs of several Indian companies in Hannover. Today, my delegation and I have once again been heartily welcomed in Berlin.

I also thank her for the very open, constructive and perceptive discussions on relations between India and Germany. This is a reflection of her deep concern for Germany’s interests and her commitment to India – Germany relations.

Yesterday in Hannover, she accepted the invitation of India’s Lion to raise the level of Germany’s engagement in India and assured me of a strong response by Germany’s Eagle. I believe that there will be a strong partnership between the King of the Earth, Lion and the King of the Skies, the Eagle.

When I last came to Berlin, Germany was successful in winning the World Cup Final. This time in Berlin, I feel that we will also be successful in taking the strategic partnership between India and Germany to new heights.

Whenever anyone in India talks about technology, manufacturing or high quality, Germany is the first country that comes to the mind. So, it is natural that when India has embarked on a new journey for ‘Make in India’ for economic development and employment, we look forward to Germany’s strong partnership.

Whatever objectives we think of in terms of economic transformation and improvement in quality of life of ordinary citizens, technology, skills, innovation and investment will play an important role in it.

My objective of coming to Germany was not only to invite the German industry to India, but to assure them that they would find an open and stable environment, which would be easy to do business in; and that they will have my full support to invest and work in India.

I feel deeply encouraged by the enthusiasm and interest that I have seen in Chancellor Merkel and Germany. Equally, the feedback that I have got will be of great benefit to me in framing our policies.

I have also decided that we will establish a mechanism for German companies to facilitate their investment and business in India.

Our goal of ‘Make in India’ and creating employment for our youth depends on skill development in our country. Germany is a world leader in this field. India will have to pursue its skill development programme in accordance with its own circumstances. But at the same time, there is a lot that we can learn from Germany. We had a detailed discussion on the subject. Similarly, we intend to further strengthen our close cooperation in the areas of science, technology and education.

An area that has great priority for me personally and for my country is renewable energy and energy efficiency. As I have already said, we intend to add 175 Giga Watts of renewable energy during the next seven years. Germany is a strong partner in the development of clean energy. We would also like your cooperation on manufacturing of equipment for clean and renewable energy in India; and enhance our shared efforts to address the challenge of climate change.

Development of India as a manufacturing hub and expansion of infrastructure of India would also be beneficial for trade. Our imports would also grow. And, it is natural that German companies would benefit a lot from it. In this context, I would also like to state that negotiations between India and European Union on a Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement have remained stalled for two years. I have requested Chancellor Merkel that India and European Union should resume the negotiations quickly and conclude a balanced and mutually beneficial agreement at the earliest.

We would also like to enhance our cooperation in the area of advanced technology and defence manufacturing. I hope that the German companies would participate enthusiastically in this and that your government would support them fully.

Chancellor Merkel and I had also discussed international developments. We in India believe that economic momentum in Europe is important for the global economy and European stability for global peace. The world looks to Germany for leadership in addressing both challenges. I also congratulate her on the successful outcome of talks with Iran. This will be beneficial for the entire region. Instability and violence in West Asia affects the security of our citizens at home. Peaceful and democratic development of Afghanistan is important for both of us. The direction that Asia-Pacific region will take in this century will be of great significance to the entire world.

The spread of terrorism is growing and its character is changing. The threat is coming close to us across every region of the world. We need a comprehensive global strategy to deal with this global challenge, in which India and Germany can work together. Equally, in the coming days, maritime cyber and space security would be a matter of concern to everyone and we should increase our cooperation in this area as well.

It is my belief that India and Germany are two countries that have earned the right to be permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. Our membership will also be beneficial to the world. We both would like to see tangible progress in the United Nations Security Council reforms during the 70th Anniversary year of the United Nations.

We also look forward to a successful outcome of COP-21 in Paris this year.

Once again, I would like to thank everyone, especially Chancellor Merkel for a very successful and productive visit and I look forward eagerly to hosting Chancellor Merkel in India in October.

Thank you.

PM’s Reply to the questions during the Joint Press Statement with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at Berlin

प्रधानमंत्री की जर्मनी यात्रा से संबंधित प्रश्न का उत्तरः

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: आज पूरे विश्व का ध्यान भारत की तरफ जा रहा है। भारत दुनिया की सबसे तेज गति से आगे बढ़ने वाली Economy के रूप में उसने अपनी जगह बनाई है। भारत के पास तीन प्रमुख ऐसी सुविधाएं हैं, जो विश्व में किसी के पास नहीं है। Demographic Dividend, Democracy and Demand. और इन तीनों बातों को देखें तो भारत में manufacturing hub बनने की पूरी संभावना है। जहां low cost manufacturing हो, “zero defect-zero effect” के साथ हो और दुनिया के सभी investors के लिए भारत एक ऐसी जगह है कि जहां पर विपुल मात्रा में work force है।

जहां बहुत बड़ी मात्रा में domestic मांग है और जहां की democratic values हैं। जो जर्मनी और भारत दोनों समान रूप से share करते हैं। तो एक ऐसा माहौल है कि जिसके कारण विश्व के अनेक देशों को और जर्मनी को विशेष रूप से भारत अनुकूल है। जर्मनी की ताकत है manufacturing, विश्व की आवश्यकताओं की पूर्ति के लिए German companies और भारत देश का माहौल, ये दोनों मिलकर के काम करे तो विश्व की अनेक आवश्यकताओं को हम बहुत अच्छे ढंग से पूरा कर सकते हैं।

भारत का work force जो कि इस manufacturing sector में तैयार होगा। वो आने वाले दिनों में एक world work force के रूप में convert हो सकता है। भारत में रोजगार, ये सबसे बड़ी आवश्यकता है और इसलिए हमारा ध्यान manufacturing hub बनाने की दिशा में है।

Hannover fair में जितनी कंपनियां मिलीं बाद में चांसलर मर्केल ने एक शाम डिनर रखा था, यहां के industrial houses के साथ, उसमें भी विस्तार से चर्चा हुई है और मैं देख रहा हूं कि चाहे skill development का काम हो, चाहे vocational education की बात हो, चाहे railway में technology up-gradation हो, expansion हो, Defence manufacturing sector का काम हो, engineering sector की विकास की नई क्षितिज हो, सभी क्षेत्रों में आज German कंपनियां, भारत के साथ मिलकर के काम करने के लिए तैयार हैं। और मेरी और चांसलर मर्केल के बीच जो बातचीत हुई है, उसके कारण इन कंपनियों का भी विश्वास बढ़ा है और उन कंपनियों का भी विश्वास बढ़ा है।

मुझे लगता है कि आने वाले दिनों में human resource development का काम हो, professional management का काम हो, manufacturing की दिशा में आगे बढ़ने की बात हो, सभी क्षेत्रों में जर्मनी और भारत सफलतापूर्वक आगे बढ़ेंगे, इस विश्वास के साथ मैं आज यहां से लौट रहा हूं।

वैश्विक आतंकवाद के मुद्दे से संबंधित प्रश्न का उत्तरः

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: मैं मानता हूं कि terrorism ये मानवता के लिए एक बहुत बड़ा खतरा है। जो भी मानवतवाद में विश्वास करते हैं। उनकी भाषा कोई भी हो, भू-भाग कोई भी हो, परंपराएं कोई भी हो लेकिन मानवतावादी शक्तियों का एक होना बहुत आवश्यक है और सभी मानवतावादी शक्तियों ने आतंकवाद के खिलाफ एक स्वर से, एक ही intensity के साथ बोलने की आवश्यकता है, collectively efforts करने की आवश्यकता है।

और हम देख रहे हैं आज से 25 साल पहले हम भारत के लोग दुनिया को आतंकवाद के खतरे की बात बताते थे तो कुछ लोग हमें कहते थे, ये आपका law and order problem है। आज दुनिया को समझ आया है कि कितना भयंकर रूप होता है और ये मानवता के खिलाफ एक लड़ाई है। जब तक हम मानवतावादी शक्तियों को एकत्र नहीं करते हैं और हम आतंकवाद के सामने समान रूप से व्यवहार नहीं करते हैं, उनको खुला मैदान मिल जाता है। उनको शस्त्र जहां से मिलते हो, उस पर से रोक कैसे लगे? आतंकवादियों को shelter देने वाली अगर सरकारें हैं तो उन सरकारों पर दबाव कैसे पैदा किया जाए? जितनी sensitivity nuclear weapon को लेकर के है, उतनी ही आतंकवाद को पनाह देने वालों देशों के प्रति भी होनी चाहिए। अगर ये ही एक मूड बनता है और हम आतंकवाद को और आतंकवाद को समर्थन करने वालों को isolate करना ये हमारी पहली strategy होनी चाहिए और दुनिया इस पर गंभीरता से सोचेगी।

दूसरा महत्वपूर्ण काम है United Nation में बहुत लंब अर्से से एक प्रस्ताव चर्चा पर pending पड़ा हुआ है। जिसमें आतंकवाद की definition होना बहुत आवश्यक है। मैं चाहूंगा कि जब United Nation अपने 70 साल पूर्ण करने जा रहा है। उस resolution को पारित करे, define करे और दुनिया के लोगों के लिए बंधनकर्ता चीजों का regulation तैयार करे। तब जाकर के एक platform पर से इस मानवता विरोधी पृवत्तियों के खिलाफ दुनिया को एकत्र किया जा सकता है। मैं चांसलर मर्केल के विचारों से परिचित हूं। वे आतंकवाद के खिलाफ उतने ही स्पष्ट विचार रखती हैं, जितना कि हम भारत के लोग पिछले 30 साल से आतंकवाद से परेशान हैं। हम अनुभव करते हैं और मैं मानता हूं कि अब पूरी दुनिया, जिस प्रकार से आतंकवाद फैल रहा है और अधिक सजग बनकर के और अधिक साथ मिलकर के इस मानवता की रक्षा के लिए काम करेंगी।

संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद (UNSC) में, भारत की स्थायी सदस्यता से संबधित प्रश्न का उत्तर: 

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी: एक विषय जो आपने पूछा है permanent membership, security council में, मैं दुनिया का इस बात की ओर ध्यान आकर्षित करना चाहता हूं। आप जानते हैं कि ये वर्ष UN के 70 साल हो रहे हैं और पूरा विश्व ये वर्ष प्रथम विश्व युद्ध की शताब्दी के वर्ष से गुजर रहा है। विश्व को मालूम होना चाहिए कि भारत के सैनिक प्रथम विश्व युद्ध में 75 thousand से ज्यादा सैनिक शहीद हुए थे और प्रथम विश्व युद्ध में 14 लाख से ज्यादा भारत के सैनिकों को हिस्सा लेना पड़ा था। उसमें भारत का कोई हित नहीं था, भारत की कोई योजना नही थी। UN के बाद आप देखिए Peace Keeping Force, सबसे ज्यादा सैनिक Peace Keeping Force में जो राष्ट्र भेजे जाते हैं, उनमें एक नाम भारत का है। Peace Keeping Force में भी UN के मार्गदर्शन में उत्तम से उत्तम कार्य करने के लिए बार-बार भारत की सराहना होती है और भारत जिसका इतिहास और संस्कृति कभी भी ये वो देश जिसने युद्ध नहीं किया है, आक्रमण नहीं किया है।

वो देश जहां अहिंसा के दूत महात्मा गांधी पैदा हुए थे, वो देश जहां गौतम बुद्ध पैदा हुए थे, जहां की संस्कृति, परंपरा, शांति को समर्पित है, उस देश को अगर United Nation में permanent membership security council न मिले, उसके लिए 70 साल तक उसको इंतजार करना पड़े, तब सवाल उठता है कि शांति पर भरोसा करने वाले, शांति के लिए जीने वाले, शांति जिनके DNA में है, ऐसे देश के प्रति अब न्याय होना चाहिए, समय बहुत चला गया है।

Thank you

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Yoga leads us from negativity to creativity: PM Modi
June 21, 2021
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Namaskar!

Wishing you all a very Happy 7th International Yoga Day!

Today, when the whole world is battling the corona pandemic, Yogahas remained a ray of hope. Even though no major public events have been organized in countries around the world and in India for almost two years, the enthusiasm for Yoga Day has not diminished a bit. Despite Corona, the theme of this year's Yoga Day "Yoga for Wellness" has intensified the enthusiasm for Yoga among crores of people. I pray that every country, society and individual stays healthy, and let's all come together to become each other's strength.

Friends,

Our sages had termed Yogaas "समत्वम् योग उच्यते"i.e., remaining steadfast in every situation. They had made restraint a parameter of Yoga, being resolute in happiness and sorrow. Today Yoga has proved itin this global tragedy. In these one and a half years, so many countries, including India, have faced a huge crisis.

Friends,

Yoga Day is not the age-old cultural festival for most of the countries of the world. People could easily forget and ignore it in this difficult time. But on the contrary, the enthusiasm and love for Yoga has increased among the people. In the last one and a half years, there have been lakhs of new Yoga seekers in every part of the world. Everyone is trying to implement the first synonym of Yoga, which is said to be restraint and discipline, in their life.

Friends,

When the invisible virus of Corona hit the world, no country was prepared for it, from the point of capabilities, resources, or mental toughness. We have seen that Yoga became a great medium of self-confidence in the face of adversity. Yoga helped people to muster confidence to fight this disease.

When I talk to frontline warriors and doctors, they tell me that they also made Yoga their protective shield in the fight against Corona. Doctors also made themselves strong with Yoga, and also used it to help their patients recover quickly. Today, one finds so many stories from hospitals where doctors and nurses are teaching Yoga to patients, and patients sharing their experiences. The experts of the world are also stressing the importance of breathing exercises like ‘Pranayama’ and ‘Anulom-Vilom’ for strengthening our respiratory system.

Friends,

The great Tamil saint Thiruvalluvar has said: "नोइ नाडी, नोइ मुदल नाडी, हदु तनिक्कुम, वाय नाडी वायपच्चयल" i.e., if there is a disease, diagnose it, go to its root, find out what is the cause of the disease, and then ensure its treatment. Yoga shows this way. Today medical science also lays equal emphasis on healing and Yoga is beneficial in the healing process. I am satisfied that today experts from all over the world are conducting various types of scientific research on this aspect of Yoga.

Many studies are being done on the benefits of Yoga to our body, on the positive effects it has on our immunity. Nowadays we see that in many schools, children are being taught Yoga-Pranayama for 10-15 minutes before the start of the online classes. It is also preparing the children physically to fight against Corona.

Friends,

The sages of India have taught us-

व्यायामात् लभते स्वास्थ्यम्,

दीर्घ आयुष्यम् बलम् सुखम्।

आरोग्यम् परमम् भाग्यम्,

स्वास्थ्यम् सर्वार्थ साधनम् ॥

That is, by doing Yoga, we get good health, strengthand a long happy life. For us health is the greatest fortune, and good health is the means of all success. Whenever the sages of India have spoken about health, it is not only physical health. That is whythere is so much emphasis on mental health in Yoga along with physical health. When we do ‘Pranayama’, meditate andperform other yogic activities, we experience our inner-consciousness. Through Yoga, we experience our inner strength which is so strong that no problem of the world, no negativity can shatter us. Yoga shows us the path from stress to strength and from negativity to creativity. Yoga takes us from depression to ecstasy and from ecstasy to blessing.

Friends,

Yoga tells us that so many problems might be out there, but we have infinite solutions within ourselves. We are the biggest source of energy in our universe. We do not realise this energy because of the many divisions that exist. At times, the lives of people exist in silos. These divisions reflect in the overall personality as well. The shift from silos to union is Yoga. A proven way to experience a realisation of oneness is Yoga. I am reminded of the words of the great Gurudev Tagore, who said and I quote:"the meaning of our self is not to be found in its separateness from God and others, but in the ceaseless realization of Yoga, of union."

The mantra of वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम्’, which India has followed since ages, is now finding global acceptance. We all are praying for each other's wellbeing, if there are threats to humanity,Yoga often gives us a way of holistic health. Yoga also gives us a happier way of life. I am sure Yoga will continue playing its preventive, as well as positive role in healthcare of masses.

Friends,

When India proposed the International Day of Yoga in the United Nations, the spirit behind it was to make this Yoga science accessible to the entire world. Today, India has taken another important step in this direction along with the United Nations and WHO.

Now the world is going to get the power of the m-Yoga app. In this app, many videos of Yoga training will be available in different languages of the world based on the common Yogaprotocol. It is also a great example of the fusion of modern technology and ancient science. I am sure the m-Yoga app will play a big role in expanding Yoga across the globe and making the efforts of One World, One Health a success.

Friends,

It is said in the Gita:

तं विद्याद् दुःख संयोग-

वियोगं योग संज्ञितम्।

That is, Yoga is liberation from suffering. We have to carry forward this journey of humanity, which is Yoga, by taking everyone along. No matter what the place, situation, age, Yoga definitely has some solutionfor everyone. Today the number of people who are curious about Yoga is increasing very much in the world. The number of Yoga establishments in the country and abroad is also increasing. In such a situation, it is necessary that the basic philosophy of Yoga should reach every person while keeping intact its foundation and core.And this work should be done by the people associated with Yoga, the masters of Yoga andYoga preachers together. We ourselves have to take the pledge of Yoga, and we have to connect our loved ones also with this resolution. This mantra of 'Yoga to Cooperation' will show us the way to a new future and will empower humanity.

I wish you and the entire human race the very best on International Yoga Day.

Many thanks!