India won't forget its freedom fighters : PM
Conscious effort for preserving the history of unsung heroes in the the last six years: PM
We are proud of our Constitution and our democratic tradition: PM

Present on the dais, Governor of Gujarat Shri Acharya Dev Vrat ji, Chief Minister Shri Vijay Rupani ji, my colleague in the Union Council of Ministers, Shri Prahlad Patel ji, my fellow Parliamentarian in the Lok Sabha, Shri C.R. Patil ji, the newly elected Mayor of Ahmedabad, Shri Kirit Singh Bhai, trustee of Sabarmati Trust, Shri Kartikeya Sarabhai ji and respected Amrit Modi ji who has dedicated his life to Sabarmati Ashram, all the dignitaries, ladies and gentlemen and my young colleagues from across the country!

Today, when I left Delhi in the morning, it was a very wonderful coincidence. Ahead of the Amrit Festival, rains and Sun God graced the country’s capital. It is the privilege of all of us that we are becoming witness to this historic period of independent India. We are witnessing the history being created on the land of karma of Bapu on the anniversary of the Dandi Yatra today and also becoming a part of history. Today is the first day of the Amrit Festival of Independence. Amrit Festival started today 75 weeks before August 15, 2022 and will continue till 15th August 2023. It is believed in our country that when such an occasion comes, there is confluence of all the pilgrimages. As a nation, it is like a solemn occasion. So many sacrosanct centres of our freedom struggle are being connected with the Sabarmati Ashram today.

This Amrit festival is starting today simultaneously at a number of places, including Andaman's Cellular Jail, which salutes the apogee of the freedom struggle, the land of Kekar Monying in Arunachal Pradesh, which is witness to the Anglo-Indian War, the August Kranti Maidan in Mumbai, Jallianwala Bagh in Punjab, and Meerut, Kakori and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. It appears as if the countless struggles of freedom, innumerable sacrifices and the energy of legion atonements are being reawakened together all over India. I pay my floral tributes to Bapu on this sacred occasion. I respectfully salute everybody who sacrificed his life for the freedom struggle and all the great personalities who led the country. I also salute all the brave soldiers who, even after independence, kept the tradition of national security alive, made supreme sacrifices for the defence of the country and were martyred. I also bow down to all those virtuous souls who have laid each and every brick of progress in the reconstruction of a free India and brought the country to the fore in 75 years.


When we imagine the period of servitude when millions of people waited for the dawn of independence for centuries, the realization grows as to how historic the occasion of 75 years of freedom is and how glorious it is. The festival also has a tradition of eternal India, shadow of the freedom struggle, and the privileged progress of independent India. Therefore, the presentation that has been put before you now has special emphasis on five pillars of the Amrit Festival. These five pillars -- Freedom Struggle, Ideas at 75, Achievements at 75, Actions at 75 and Resolves at 75 -- will inspire the dreams and duties of a free India to move forward. Based on these messages, the 'Amrit Festival' website as well as Charkha Abhiyan and Atmanirbhar incubator have also been launched today.

Brothers and sisters,

History is witness to the fact that the glory of a nation remains conscious only when it teaches the next generation of the traditions of self-esteem and sacrifice, and inspires them continuously. The future of a nation is bright only when it is associated with the pride of its past experiences and heritage. And India has a profound repository to take pride, a rich history and a conscious cultural heritage. Therefore, this occasion of 75 years of independence will be like an elixir for the present generation -- an elixir that will inspire us to live for the country and to do something for the country every moment.


It is written in our Vedas: मृत्योः मुक्षीय मामृतात् (free from death into immortality) i.e., we should move towards immortality leaving behind sorrow, distress, tribulation and destruction. This is also the resolution of this Amrit Festival of Independence. The Azadi Amrit Mahotsav means elixir of energy of independence; elixir of inspirations of the warriors of freedom struggle; elixir of new ideas and pledges; and elixir of Aatmnirbharta. Therefore, this Mahotsav is a festival of awakening of the nation; festival of fulfilling the dream of good governance; and the festival of global peace and development.


Amrit Festival is being inaugurated on the day to mark Dandi Yatra. A yatra (journey) to revive that historic moment is also getting flagged off shortly. It is a wonderful coincidence that the impact and message of the Dandi Yatra is the same as the country is moving forward through the Amrit Festival today. This one yatra of Gandhi ji was an inspiration to the freedom struggle which led the masses to join it. This one yatra had spread India's perspective on its independence to the whole world. It was historic because Bapu's Dandi yatra included the insistence of freedom as well as the nature and ethos of India.

Salt was never valued on the basis of mere cost. For us, salt represents honesty, trust and loyalty. We still say that we have eaten the salt of the country. It is not because salt is very precious. It is so because salt represents labour and equality. Salt during that time was a symbol of India’s self-reliance. The British hurt not only the values of India, but this self-reliance as well. People of India had to depend on salt coming from England. Gandhi ji understood this chronic pain of the country; understood the pulse of the people and turned that into a movement of every Indian and it became a resolution of every Indian.


Similarly, there are inspirations and messages from different battles and events in the freedom struggle which India can imbibe and move forward. The freedom struggle of 1857, the return of Mahatma Gandhi from abroad, reminding the nation of the power of Satyagraha, the call for complete independence by Lokmanya Tilak, the Azad Hind Fauj's Delhi March under the leadership of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and the slogan of Dilli Chalo which India cannot forget even today. The unforgettable movement of 1942, the declaration of the British Quit India, there are so many countless milestones that we take inspiration and energy from. There are so many spirited fighters to whom the country expresses its gratitude every day.

Be the daring Mangal Pandey and Tatya Tope of the 1857 Revolution, the fearless Rani Lakshmibai who fought against the British army, Rani Chennamma of Kittur, Rani Gaidinliu, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Ashfaqulla Khan, Guru Ram Singh, Titus ji, Paul Ramasamy, or countless leaders of the masses like Pandit Nehru, Sardar Patel, Babasaheb Ambedkar, Subhas Chandra Bose, Maulana Azad, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Veer Savarkar! All these great personalities are the pioneers of the freedom movement. Today, we are taking collective resolve and inspiration from them to make India of their dreams.


There are so many agitations and battles during our freedom struggle which did not find the mention as should have been. Each one of these struggles are powerful declarations of truth by India against falsehood itself, evidence of India's independent nature. These battles are testimony to the fact that India's consciousness against injustice, exploitation and violence, which was there in the age of Rama, was in the Kurukshetra of Mahabharata, in the battlefield of Haldighati, in the war cry of Shivaji, and the same eternal consciousness, the same indomitable valour, was ignited by every region, section and society of India within itself in the fight for freedom. The mantra of जननि जन्मभूमिश्च, स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Mother and motherland are superior even to Heaven) continues to inspire us today.

Whether it is the Kol uprising or Ho movement, Khasi agitation or Santhal revolution, the Cachar Naga agitation or the Kuka movement, the Bhil movement or the Munda Kranti, the Sanyasi Movement or the Ramosi uprising, the Kittur movement, the Travancore movement, the Bardoli Satyagraha, the Champaran Satyagraha, the Sambalpur conflict, the Chuar rebellion, the Bundel movement… There were so many such agitations and movements which kept the flame of freedom ignited during every period in every part of the country. In the meantime, our Sikh Guru tradition gave us new energy, inspiration, renunciation and sacrifice to protect the culture and customs of the country. There is another important aspect which we should remember ever.


Our saints, Acharyas and teachers continued to awaken this flame of the freedom movement, in east-west, north, south; in every direction and in every region. In a way, the Bhakti movement prepared the stage for the nationwide freedom movement. In the east, the ideas of saints like Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Ramakrishna Paramhans and Srimanta Sankardev gave direction to the society and focused on their goals. In the west, Mirabai, Eknath, Tukaram, Ramdas, Narsi Mehta, in the north, Sant Ramananda, Kabirdas, Goswami Tulsidas, Soordas, Guru Nanak Dev, Sant Raidas, in the south Madhvacharya, Nimbarkacharya, Vallabhacharya, Ramanujacharya, during the Bhakti period, Malik Muhammad Jayasi, Raskhan, Soordas, Keshavdas, Vidyapati, inspired the society to rectify their shortcomings.

It was because of many such personalities that this movement crossed the boundaries and embraced all the people of India. During these innumerable freedom movements, there are so many fighters, saints, souls, many brave martyrs whose every saga is a golden chapter in history! We have to take the life history of these great heroes to the masses. The life stories of these people, the struggle of their lives and the ups and downs of our freedom movement will teach our present generation every lesson of life. They will have better understanding regarding solidarity, the tenacity to achieve goals and every colour of life.

Brothers and sisters,

You would recall how Shyamji Krishna Verma, the brave son of this land, struggled for freedom under the nose of the British till the last breath of his life. But it took seven decades before his mortal remains could find the lap of the Bharat Mata. Finally, I carried the mortal remains of Shyam ji Krishna Verma from abroad in 2003. There are so many fighters who have sacrificed everything for the country. There are so many Dalits, Adivasis, women and youth from across the country who have made innumerable sacrifices. Recall the 32-year-old young man of Tamil Nadu, Kodi Katha Kumaran, who did not let the country's flag fall on the ground even while shot in the head by the British. Tamil Nadu is associated with Kodi Katha which means protector of the flag. Velu Nachiyar of Tamil Nadu was the first queen who fought against the British rule.

Similarly, the tribal society of our country brought the foreign power to its knees several times with its valor and bravery. In Jharkhand, Birsa Munda challenged the British and the Murmu brothers led the Santhal movement. In Odisha, while Chakra Bisoi waged a war against the British, Laxman Nayak spread awareness through Gandhian methods. In Andhra Pradesh, Manyam Virudu and Alluri Siraram Raju led the Rampa movement and Pasaltha Khungchera who took on the British in the hills of Mizoram. Other freedom fighters from Assam and Northeast like Gomdhar Konwar, Lachit Borphukan and Serat Sing contributed to the independence of the country. How can the country forget the sacrifice of Nayak tribals in Jambughoda in Gujarat and the massacre of hundreds of tribals led by Govind Guru in Mangadh? The country will always remember their sacrifices.


The history of such brave sons of Mother Bharati is in every village and in every nook and corner of the country. The country has been making a conscious effort for the last six years to preserve this history, in every state and every region. The country had completed the renovation of place connected with the Dandi March in just two years. I had the privilege to go to Dandi on that occasion. The site where Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose hoisted the tricolor in Andaman after the formation of the country's first independent government has also been revived. The islands of Andaman and Nicobar have been named after the freedom struggle. On completion of 75 years of the Azad Hind government, a function was also held at the Red Fort where the tricolour was hoisted and tributes were paid to Netaji Subhas Babu. The world's tallest statue of Sardar Patel in Gujarat is spreading his immortal glory across the world. The memorials in Jallianwala Bagh and the Paika movement have also been developed. The places associated with Babasaheb, which had been forgotten for decades, have also been developed by the country as ‘Panchtirtha’. At the same time, the country has initiated an effort to build museums in the country to bring the history of tribal freedom fighters and stories of their struggles to the fore for the future generations.


Like the history of the freedom movement, the journey of 75 years after independence is a reflection of the hard work, innovation, enterprise of ordinary Indians. Whether in the country or abroad, we Indians have proved ourselves with our hard work. We are proud of our Constitution. We are proud of our democratic traditions. The mother of democracy, India is still moving forward by strengthening democracy. India, rich in knowledge and science, is leaving its mark from Mars to the moon. Today, the strength of the Indian Army is immense and economically also, we are progressing fast. Today, India's startup ecosystem has become a centre of attraction in the world, is a matter of discussion. Today, India's potential and talent are echoed on every platform in the world. Today, India is moving out of the darkness of scarcity to meet the aspirations of more than 130 crore people.


It is also the privilege of all of us that we are celebrating the 75 years of independent India and the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose together. This confluence is a wonderful combination not only of dates but also of India's vision of the past and future. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose said that India's freedom struggle is not only against British imperialism but against global imperialism. Netaji described India's independence as essential for the entire humanity. Over time, this statement of Netaji was proven correct. When India became independent, the voices of freedom were raised in other countries and in a very short time, the scope of imperialism was reduced. And, friends, India's achievements are not just our own, but they are going to enlighten the whole world and to awaken hope of the whole humanity. Our development journey with India's self-sufficiency is going to speed up the development journey of the whole world.

It has been proved during the Corona period. India's self-sufficiency in vaccine manufacturing is benefiting the whole world today, lifting humanity out of the pandemic crisis. Today, India has the power of vaccine and we are working to relieve the misery of all in the spirit of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” (the world is one family). We have not given grief to anyone, but we are trying to reduce the sufferings of others. This is the ideal and the eternal philosophy of India and it is also the philosophy of Atmanirbhar Bharat. Today, the countries across the world are thanking India, trusting in India. This is the first hue of the sunrise of the new India, the first aura of our grand future.


In the Gita, Lord Krishna has said -- ‘सम-दुःख-सुखम् धीरम् सः अमृतत्वाय कल्पते’ i.e., those who remain steady even in happiness and distress become eligible for liberation and attain immortality. This is our inspiration of getting the nectar of India's bright future from Amrit Festival. Let us all be determined to play our role in this nation's yagna.


During the Azadi Amrit Mahotsav, innumerable ideas will emerge from the suggestions of the countrymen and their original ideas. On my way here, there were several things in my mind. Public participation, connecting the masses and every citizen of the country should be part of this Amrit Festival. For example, all schools and colleges should compile 75 incidents related to independence. Every school should decide to compile 75 incidents of independence, create 75 groups, which can have have 800-2,000 students.

One school can do it. The children of our Shishu Mandir and Bal Mandir can make a list 75 great men associated with the freedom movement, prepare their costumes, utter their speeches, and there should be a competition and 75 places associated with the freedom movement should be identified on the map of India. Children should be asked where is Bardoli or Champaran? I would urge students of law colleges to find 75 incidents of legal war which continued simultaneously during the independence struggle. Who were the people fighting the legal battle? What kinds of efforts were made to save the heroes of freedom? What was the attitude of the British Empire towards the judiciary?

We can compile all these things. Those who are interested in plays should write plays. The students of fine arts should make paintings on those events and those who want to write songs should write poems. All these should be handwritten at the outset. Later, it can be stored digitally. I would like the efforts of every school and college to become the heritage of their educational institutions. Attempt should be made to complete it before 15th August this year. You see, a complete idea-based establishment will be prepared. Later, competitions at district, state and country levels can also be organized.

Our youth and scholars should take up the responsibility to fulfill the country's efforts in writing the history of our freedom fighters, to bring the achievements of our society during and after the freedom movement prominently before the world. I would also urge the people associated with art, literature, drama, film and digital entertainment to explore the unique stories of our past and bring them to life for the future generations. Our youth have to take the responsibility of building the future by learning from the past. Make efforts how to make the future better in whatever field you are in, be it science, technology, medical, politics, art or culture.

I am sure the 130 crore countrymen will be inspired by millions of freedom fighters when they join this Amrit Festival of Independence. India will achieve the tallest goals. If every Indian takes a step for the country and society, the country takes 130 crore steps further. India will once again become self-reliant and provide a new direction to the world. I wish all the best to all those who are taking part in this Dandi Yatra. It is starting today at a small scale without any frills. But as the days go on and we approach the 15th of August, it will envelop the entire India. I am sure it will become a huge festival. It will be the resolve of every citizen, institution and organization to take the country forward. This will be the best way to pay homage to the heroes of freedom.

With these best wishes, I thank all of you. Say with me

Bharat Mata Ki – Jai! Bharat Mata Ki – Jai! Bharat Mata Ki – Jai!

Vande – Mataram! Vande – Mataram! Vande – Mataram!

Jai Hind – Jai Hind! Jai Hind – Jai Hind! Jai Hind – Jai Hind!


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My dear countrymen, Namaskar. A few amazing pictures taken a couple of days ago, some memorable moments are still there in front of my eyes. Let us hence commence Mann Ki Baat this time, with those very moments. At the Tokyo Olympics, watching Indian sportspersons march carrying the Tricolour exhilarated not just me but the entire country…as if the whole country unitedly exhorted her warriors saying, “Vijayi Bhava – emerge victorious!” When these sportspersons had departed from India, I had the opportunity of chatting with them, knowing about them and conveying it to the country. These sportspersons have reached where they are after overcoming numerous hurdles in life. Today, they possess the strength of your love and support – that’s why, come…let us together extend our good wishes to all of them; encourage them. On social media, our Victory Punch Campaign for the support of Olympics sportspersons has begun. Do share your Victory Punch with your team…Cheer for India.

Friends, it is but natural to get emotional in honour of the one who bears the Tricolour in honour of the country. This feeling of patriotism unites all of us. Tomorrow, that is the 26th of July is Kargil Vijay Diwas as well. The Kargil war is one symbol of the bravery and patience on part of India’s Armed Forces which the whole world has watched. This time this pride filled day will be celebrated amid Amrit Mahotsav. That is why this day becomes all the more special. I wish you read the enthralling saga of Kargil…let us all bow to the bravehearts of Kargil.

Friends, this time on the 15th of August, the country is entering her 75th year of Independence. We are indeed very fortunate that we are witnessing 75 years of Freedom; a freedom that the country waited for, for centuries. You may remember, to commemorate 75 years of Freedom, Amrit Mahotsav had commenced on the 12th of March from Bapu’s Sabarmati Ashram. On this very day, Bapu’s Dandi Yatra too was revived…since then, from Jammu-Kashmir to Puduchery; from Gujarat to the Northeast, programmes in connection with Amrit Mahotsav are being held across the country. There are many such incidents, such freedom fighters whose contribution have been huge, but had not been adequately discussed…today, people are able to know about them. Now, take Moirang Day, for instance…the tiny town of Moirang in Manipur was once a major base of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army, INA. Here, even before Independence, Col Shaukat Malik ji of INA had unfurled the Flag.

During Amrit Mahotsav, on the 14th of April, the Tricolour was once again hoisted at that very Moirang. Innumerable such freedom fighters and great men are being remembered by the country during Amrit Mahotsav.Programmes in that connection are being successively organized by the government and social organisations. A similar event is about to take place on the 15th of August this time…this is an endeavour connected with the National Anthem. It’s an effort on part of the Ministry of Culture to have maximum number of Indians sing the National Anthem together. For this, a website too has been created – With the help of this website, you can render the National Anthem and record it, thereby getting connected with the campaign. I hope you connect yourselves with this novel initiative. In the days to come, you will get to see many such campaigns and efforts. Amrit Mahotsav is not a programme of any government; neither a programme of any political party…it is a programme of crores and crores of Indians…a bow to our freedom fighters by every independent and grateful Indian. And the extension of the basic sentiment behind this festival is immense…the spirit entails treading the path of our freedom fighters…building a country of their dreams. Just the way champion proponents of Freedom had joined hands for the cause, we have to come together for the development of the country. We have to live for the country, work for the country…and in that, even the smallest of efforts too produce big results. We can contribute to nation building even while performing our routine chores…such as ‘Vocal for Local’. Supporting local entrepreneurs, artists, craftsmen, weavers should come naturally to us. The National Handloom Day on the 7th of August is an occasion when we can strive to attempt that. National Handloom Day has a remarkable historic background. On this very day in 1905, the Swadeshi Andolan had begun.

Friends, in the rural and tribal regions of our country, handloom is a major source of income. This is a sector that comprises lakhs of women, weavers and craftsmen. Even small efforts on your part will give rise to a new hope in weavers. Do purchase something or the other and share your thought with others as well…now that we are celebrating 75 years of Independence, it of course becomes our responsibility. You must have noticed that year 2014 onwards, we often touch upon Khadi in Mann ki Baat. It is only on account of your efforts that today, the sale of Khadi has risen manifold. Could anyone even think that in any Khadi store, the sales figure would cross one crore rupees…But you have made that possible too. Whenever, wherever you purchase a Khadi product, it does benefit our poor weaver brothers and sisters. That is why, in a way, buying Khadi is service to people, service to the country. I urge you my dear brothers and sisters, to make it a point to definitely buy Handloom products being made in rural areas and share it on #MyHandloomMyPride.

Friends, when one refers to the freedom movement and Khadi, remembering revered Bapu is but natural. Just the way the Quit India Movement, Bharat Chhoro Andolan steered under Bapu’s leadership, every countryman today has to lead a Bharat Jodo Andolan. It is our duty to ensure that our work helps closely knit, bind our India which is filled with diversity. Come, on Amrit Mahotsav, let us make a sacred Amrit resolve that the country remains to be our highest faith; our topmost priority. We have to move forward with the mantra ‘Nation First, Always First’.

My dear countrymen, today I wish to express my special thanks to my young friends tuned in to Mann ki Baat. Just a few days ago, on part of MyGov, a study was conducted regarding the listeners of Mann ki Baat. In this study, primarily, people who send messages and suggestions were focused upon. The study revealed the fact that out of those sending messages and suggestions, close to 75% are below the age of 35…meaning thereby that the suggestions of the youth power of India are steering Mann ki Baat. I view this as a very good indicator. Mann Ki Baat is a medium which has positivity, sensitivity. In Mann Ki Baat, we talk about positive things; its character is collective.

This activism for positive thoughts and suggestions in the youth delights me. I am happy also about the opportunity that I get through ‘Mann Ki Baat’ to know of the minds of the youth.

Friends, suggestions received from you are the real strength of ‘Mann Ki Baat’. It is your suggestions, through ‘Mann Ki Baat’, that express the diversity of India, spread the fragrance of service and sacrifice of Indians in all the four directions, inspire one and all through the innovation of our toiling youth. You send ideas of various kinds in ‘Mann Ki Baat’. We are not able to discuss all of them, but I do send many of them to related departments so that further work can be done on them.

Friends, I want to tell you about the efforts of Saayee Praneeth ji. Saayee Praneeth ji is a Software Engineer, hailing from Andhra Paradesh. Last year he saw that in his area farmers had to suffer a lot due to the vagaries of weather. For years he had interest in meteorology. So, he decided to use his interest and talent for the welfare of farmers. Now he purchases weather data from different data sources, analyses them and sends necessary information through various media to farmers in local language. Besides weather updates, Praneeth ji also gives guidance to people about what they should do in different climatic conditions... Especially how to be safe from floods or how to avoid storm or lightning, he talks about this too.

Friends, on the one hand this effort of a young software engineer touches our hearts; on the other the use of technology by one of our friends will amaze us. This friend Shriman Isaak Munda ji hails from a village in Sambalpur district of Odisha. Isaak ji once used to work as a daily wager but now he has become an internet sensation. He is earning a lot through his YouTube Channel. In his videos he shows prominently the local dishes, traditional ways of cooking, his village, his lifestyle, family and food habits. His journey as a YouTuber began in March 2020 when he posted a video related to Pakhal, the famous local dish of Odisha. Since then, he has posted hundreds of videos. This effort of his is different for many reasons. Specially because through this, people living in cities get a chance to watch the lifestyle about which they don’t know much. Isaak Munda ji is celebrating by blending culture and cuisine equally and inspiring us too.

Friends, while we are discussing technology I want to discuss of an interesting subject. Recently you must have read, seen that a start-up established by an alumni of IIT Madras has made a 3D printed house. The construction of the house through 3D printing, how did this happen after all? Actually, this start-up first of all fed a 3 Dimensional design in a 3 D printer and then through a concrete of a special kind fabricated a 3 D structure layer by layer. You will be happy to know that many experiments of this kind are being done throughout the country. There was a time when it would take years to complete even a minor construction. But today due to technology the situation is changing in India. Some time ago we had launched a Global Housing Technology Challenge to invite such innovative companies from all over the world. This is a unique attempt of its kind in the country; hence we gave it the name Light House Projects. For now, work on Light House Projects is on at a fast pace at 6 different locations in the country. Modern technology and innovative methods are used in these Light House Projects. This reduces the duration of construction. Along with that, the houses that are constructed are more durable, economical and comfortable. Recently, through drones, I also reviewed these projects and saw live their work progress.

In the project at Indore, Pre-Fabricated Sandwich Panel System is being used in place of Brick-and-Mortar Walls. In Rajkot, the Light House is being made with French Technology in which through a tunnel Monolithic Concrete construction technology is being used. Houses made with this technology will be lot more capable of withstanding disasters. In Chennai, the Pre-cast Concrete system technologies form America and Finland are being used. By this, houses will get built faster and the cost too will be low. In Ranchi houses will be built using the 3D Construction System of Germany. In this, every room will be constructed separately and then the entire structure will be joined together the way block toys are joined. In Agartala, using technology from New Zealand, houses that can withstand major earthquakes are being made with steel frame. Meanwhile, in Lucknow technology from Canada is being used. In this plaster and paint will not be required and walls prepared in advance will be used to build houses faster.

Friends, today an attempt is being made in the country to ensure that these projects work as Incubation centers. Through this our planners, Architects, Engineers and students will know of new technology and experiment with them too. I am sharing these things especially with our youth so that in the interest of the nation they are encouraged towards technology in newer fields.

My dear countrymen, you must have heard of an English adage- “To learn is to grow” that is to learn is to progress. When we learn something new, doors to new advances open up automatically for us. Whenever effort to do something new, different from the rut, has been made, new doors have opened for humankind, a new era has begun. And you must have seen whenever something new happens anywhere, its result surprises everyone. Now, for example, if I ask you which the states that you would connect with Apples are? Obviously in your mind first of all the name of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir and Uttarakhand would strike. But if I ask you to add the name of Manipur too to this list you will probably be filled with surprise. Youths filled with passion to do something new have demonstrated this feat in Manipur. Nowadays apple farming is picking up fast in the Ukhrul district of Manipur. Farmers here are growing apples in their orchards. To learn apple farming these people have taken formal training by going to Himachal. One of these is T S Ringphami Young. By profession he is an aeronautical engineer. He along with his wife Shrimati T S Angel has grown apples. Similarly, Avungshee Shimre Augasteena too has grown apples in her orchard. Avungshee had a job in Delhi. She returned to her village quitting this and started farming apple. There are many such apple growers in Manipur who have demonstrated something different and something new.

Friends, in our tribal communities, Ber fruit has always been very popular. The members of the tribal community have always been cultivating Ber. But its cultivation is increasing especially after the COVID-19 pandemic. Bikramjit Chakma of 32 years of age is my young friend from Unakoti, Tripura. He has not only earned a lot of profit by starting the Ber cultivation; Now he is also motivating people to do Ber cultivation. The state government has also come forward to help such people. Many special nurseries have been started by the government for this purpose so that the demand of the people associated with the cultivation of Ber can be met. Innovation is happening in agriculture, so creativity is also being witnessed in the by-products of agriculture.

Friends, I have also come to know about an attempt made in LakhimpurKheri in Uttar Pradesh. A unique initiative has taken place in LakhimpurKheri during the period of COVID itself. Here, the work of training women to manufacture fibre from the waste banana stems was started. The way to make the best out of the waste. Banana fibre is prepared by cutting the stem of a banana with the help of a machine, the fibre is like jute or flax. Handbags, mats, rugs, many things are made from this fibre. Through this, the utilization of crop waste started, on the other hand our sisters and daughters living in the village acquired another source of income. Through this work of Banana fibre, a woman from the area earns four to six hundred rupees per day. Banana is cultivated on hundreds of acres of land in Lakhimpur Kheri. After the harvesting of banana, the farmers usually had to spend a separate sum to dispose of its stem. Now not only their money is being saved; and lending credence to the saying of ‘Getting two of something, for the price of one!’

Friends, on the one hand products are being manufactured from banana fibre; on the other, delicious dishes like dosa and gulabjamun are also being made from banana flour. Women in Uttara Kannada and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka are doing this unique work. This endeavour also began in the Corona period itself. These women not only prepared things like dosa, gulabjamun from banana flour; they also shared their pictures on social media. When more people came to know about the banana flour, its demand also increased and so did the income of these women. Like Lakhimpur Kheri, here too, women are leading this innovative idea.

Friends, such examples become the inspiration to do something new in life. There must be many such people around you too. When your family is involved in close conversations, you should also make these a part of your chat. Take out some time and go to see such efforts with children and if you get the opportunity, do something like this yourself. And yes, I would like it if you share all this with me on Namo App or MyGov.

My dear countrymen, there is a verse in our Sanskrit texts -

आत्मार्थम् जीव लोके अस्मिन्, को न जीवति मानवः |

परम् परोपकारार्थम्, यो जीवति स जीवति ||

Atmantharmjeevalokeasmin, ko na jeevtimanavah.

Paramparopkarathram, yojeevatisajeevati ||

That is, everyone in this world lives for himself. But in actuality only the person who exists for the sake of others really lives. Talking about the philanthropic efforts of the sons and daughters of Mother India is what 'Mann Ki Baat' is all about. Today also, we’ll talk about some of these friends. One of our friends hails from Chandigarh city. I too, have lived in Chandigarh for a few years. It is a very cheerful and beautiful city. The people of Chandigarh are also large hearted and yes, if you are a foodie, you will have more fun here. In Sector 29 of Chandigarh, Sanjay Rana ji runs a food stall and sells Chole-Bhature on his cycle. One day his daughter Riddhima and niece Riya came to him with an idea. Both requested him to feed chole-bhature for free to those who had got the COVID Vaccine. He happily agreed to the suggestion and immediately started this good and noble effort. To eat Sanjay Rana ji'schole-bhature for free, you have to show that you have got the vaccine administered on the very day. As soon as you show the vaccination message he will give you delicious Chole-Bhature. It is said that for the welfare of the society, spirit of service and duty are required more than money. Our Sanjay Bhai is proving this saying to be right.

Friends, I would like to discuss another such work today. This effort is being attempted in Nilgiri of Tamil Nadu. Here Radhika Shastriji has started the AmbuRx (Amburex) Project. The purpose of this project is to provide easy transport for the treatment of patients in hilly areas. Radhika runs a cafe in Coonoor. She raised funds for AmbuRx from her cafe colleagues. Today six AmbuRx are serving in the Nilgiri hills and are coming to the aid of patients in remote parts during the time of emergency. An AmbuRx is equipped with a Stretcher, Oxygen Cylinder, First Aid Box and other things

Friends, whether it is Sanjay ji or Radhika ji, their examples demonstrate that we can render service while doing our routine work, our business or job.

Friends, a few days back a very interesting and very emotional event occurred, which imparted new strength to India-Georgia friendship. In this ceremony, India handed over the Holy Relic or icon of Saint Queen Ketevan to the Government of Georgia and the people there, for this mission our Foreign Minister himself went there. The ceremony, which took place in a very emotionally charged atmosphere, was attended by the President of Georgia, the Prime Minister, many religious leaders, and a large number of Georgians. The words that were said in praise of India in this ceremony are indeed very memorable. This single ceremony has not only strengthened the relations between the two nations but as well as between Goa and Georgia. This is because these holy relics of Saint Queen Ketevan were found in 2005 from Saint Augustine Church in Goa.

Friends, the question arising in your mind must be…what is this matter all about and when and how did this happen? Actually, this is an incident about four to five hundred years ago. Queen Ketevan was the daughter of the royal family of Georgia. In 1624 after ten years of imprisonment she was martyred. According to an ancient Portuguese document, the mortal remains of Saint Queen Ketevan were kept in the Saint Augustine Convent of Old Goa. But, for a long time it was believed that her remains buried in Goa were lost in the earthquake of 1930.

After decades of tireless efforts by the Indian government and Georgia's historians, researchers, archaeologists and the Georgian Church, the relics were successfully discovered in 2005. This is an extremely emotional topic for the people of Georgia. That is why keeping in mind their historical, religious and spiritual sentiments, the Government of India decided to gift a part of these relics to the people of Georgia. Today, I would like to thank the people of Goa for preserving this unique side of the shared history of India and Georgia. Goa has been the land of many a great spiritual heritage. Saint Augustine Church is a UNESCO's World Heritage Site – a part of the Churches and Convents of Goa.

My dear countrymen, let me now take you straight from Georgia to Singapore, where another glorious opportunity arose earlier this month. The Prime Minister of Singapore and my friend, Lee Hsien Loong inaugurated the recently renovated Silat Road Gurudwara. He also wore the traditional Sikh turban. This Gurudwara was built about a hundred years ago and there is also a memorial dedicated to Bhai Maharaj Singh. Bhai Maharaj Singh ji fought for the independence of India and this moment becomes more inspiring when we are celebrating 75 years of independence. The people to people strength between two countries gets a boost with such initiatives and efforts. These also show how important it is to live in a harmonious environment and understand each other's culture.

My dear countrymen, today in 'Mann Ki Baat' we have discussed many topics. There is another subject which is very close to my heart. It is the topic of water conservation. The place where I spent my childhood, there was always shortage of water. We used to yearn for rain and thus saving every drop of water has been a part of our traditions, our sanskar. Now this mantra of "Water conservation through public participation" has changed the picture there. Saving every drop of water, preventing any kind of wastage of water… it should become a natural part of our lifestyle. Such a tradition should be made in our families, which would make every member proud.

Friends, the protection of nature and environment is embedded in the cultural life of India, in our daily lives. At the same time, rains and the monsoon have always shaped our thoughts, our philosophy and our civilization. In ‘Ritusanhar’ and ‘Meghdoot’, the great poet Kalidas has beautifully described the rains. These poems are still very popular among literature lovers.The magnificence of rains is also beautifully described in the Parjanya Suktam of Rigveda. Similarly, the relationship between the earth, the sun and the rain has been elaborated in a poetic form in the Srimad Bhagavata.

अष्टौ मासान् निपीतं यद्, भूम्याः च, ओद-मयम् वसु |

स्वगोभिः मोक्तुम् आरेभे, पर्जन्यः काल आगते ||

That is, the Sun has exploited the earth's wealth in the form of water for eight months, now in the monsoon season, the Sun is returning this accumulated wealth to the earth. Indeed, the monsoon and rainy season is not only beautiful and pleasant, but it is also nurturing, life-giving. The rain water that we are getting is for our future generations, we should never forget that.

Today a thought came to my mind that why not end my talk with such interesting references. My very best wishes to all of you for the forthcoming festivals. At the time of festivals and celebrations, you must remember that Corona has not yet gone from amongst us. You must not forget the protocols related to Corona. May all of you be healthy and happy.

Many many thanks!