मेरे लिए यह बड़े सौभाग्य की बात है कि आज महाबोधक सोसायटी के इस पवित्र स्थल पर आ करके सभी पूज्यों संतों के आशीर्वाद लेने का अवसर मिला और मैं इसके लिए विशेष रूप से महाबोधि सोसायटी के अध्यक्ष जी का हृदय से धन्यवाद देता हूं। मैं आपका विशेष रूप से आभारी हूं कि आपने मुझे सांची relics के दर्शन करने का और पुण्य पाने का अवसर दिया।
बुद्धभिक्षुओं के आर्शीवाद मिले। उन्होंने मेरे लिए, भारत और श्रीलंका के लिए, हमारी एकता के लिए, हमारी प्रगति के लिए प्रार्थना की - यह बात अपने आप में हृदय को छूने वाली है और मैं फिर एक बार सबको प्रणाम करता हूं।
श्रीलंका में सांस्कृतिक और राजनैतिक पुनर्जागरण में श्रीमद Anagarika Dharmapala का की अहम भूमिका रही है। बौद्ध धर्म के पुनरूथान के लिए महाबोधि के सोसायटी के गठन में उनकी अहम भूमिका रही है। इस सोसायटी ने बौद्धगया में स्थित महादेवी वर्मा के प्राचीन मंदिर की महिमा को बहाल करने में भी अहम योगदान दिया है
कहा जाता है कि विश्व में सबसे पुराना बौद्ध धर्म पर चलने वाला कोई अगर देश है तो वो देश श्रीलंका है।
आज विश्व के कई देशों में हम अगर जाएंगे तो हमें श्रीलंका के बोधभिक्षु वहां पर इस पवित्र काम को करते हुए नजर आते हैं।
बुद्ध हम सबको जोड़ते हैं, और मेरा तो यह सौभाग्य रहा जैसे स्वामी जी ने बताया कि जब मैं गुजरात का मुख्यमंत्री था तो मैंने एक अंतर्राष्ट्रीय बुद्ध सभा का आयोजन किया था। दुनिया के 20 अधिक देशों से अधिक देशों से सभी महानुभव आये थे, आप भी पधारे थे, क्योंकि सामान्य ऐसी छवि है कि बुद्ध भारत के पूर्वी हिस्से में ही प्रभावित थे लेकिन मैं तो गुजरात से, भारत के पश्चिमी छोर से आता हूं, लेकिन वहां पर भी बुद्ध का उतना ही प्रभाव था।
मेरा यह सौभाग्य रहा है कि मेरा जन्म जिस गांव में हुआ वर्णगढ़ Chinese Philosopher Hiuen Tsang करीब आठ सौ साल पहले हिंदुस्तान आए थे और उन्होंने आठ सौ साल पहले भारत का जो वर्णन लिखा है, उसमें वो लम्बे अरसे तक मेरे गांव में रहे थे। और उन्होंने लिखा है कि मेरे गांव में जहां मैं पैदा हुआ, वहां पर बुद्ध भिक्षुओं की Training का एक बहुत बड़ा Centre था। 10 हजार से ज्यादा बुद्धभिक्षु वहां रह सके, इतना बड़ा Hostel था।
तो Hiuen Tsang की इस बात को लेकर के जब मैं मुख्यमंत्री बना, तो मैंने मेरे गांव में excavation करवाया। और आप सबको जानकार के खुशी होगी कि जब excavation किया तो सारी चीजें मिल आई - वो बड़ी-बड़ी Hostel, वो बुद्ध भिक्षुओं का Training का Centre. और इतना ही नहीं, हमारे यहां एक जगह है गुजरात में देव की मोरी, उस जगह पर excavation किया तो भगवान बुद्ध के relics हमें एक Golden Box में मिले।
और मैं थेरो जी को ले गया था, वो सारी चीजें दिखाने के लिए, उनको दर्शन कराने के लिए ले गया था।
और मेरा एक मन का Dream रहा, जब मैं मुख्यमंत्री था कि जहां से हमें भगवान बुद्ध के relics मिले हैं, वहां पर मेरा सपना है एक भव्य भगवान बुद्ध का मंदिर बनाना। मैं हमेशा अनुभव करता हूं कि आज विश्व जिस संकटों से गुजर रहा है। जो आतंकवाद के साए में दुनिया भयभीत होकर के जी रही है, बुद्ध का रास्ता यही है जो युद्ध से मुक्ति दिलाता है।
और मैं फिर एक बार इस पवित्र स्थल पर सब संतों का आशीर्वाद लेने का मुझे सौभाग्य भी मिला... मैं फिर एक बार सबको प्रणाम करता हूं। स्वागत सम्मान के लिए प्रणाम करता हूं, और आप सबका धन्यवाद करता हूं।
Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a person with universal vision: PM Modi
April 14, 2021
Baba Saheb Ambedkar had a universal vision: PM Modi
Baba Saheb Ambedkar gave a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage: PM
We have to give opportunities to the youth according to their potential. Our efforts towards this is the only tribute to Baba Saheb Ambedkar: PM
Present with me in this programme, Gujarat Governor Acharya Shri Dev Vrat ji, the country’s Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank ji, Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Vijay Rupani ji, Education Minister of Gujarat Shri Bhupendra Singh ji, Chairman of UGC Prof. D.P.Singh ji, Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Ami Upadhyay ji, Association of Indian Universities President Prof. Taj Pratap ji, all dignitaries and friends.
Today when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, the occasion of Babasaheb Ambedkar ji's birth anniversary also connects us with that great yagna and also with the inspiration of the future. On behalf of the grateful nation and all the countrymen, I pay my respectful homage to Babasaheb.
During the freedom struggle, millions and millions of our freedom fighters dreamt of a harmonious and inclusive India. Babasaheb made the beginning in realizing those dreams in the form of the Constitution to the country. Today India is creating a new future and achieving new dimensions of success by following the same Constitution.
Today, the 95th meeting of the Vice Chancellors of Association of Indian Universities is taking place on this auspicious day. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University has announced the establishment of 'Babasaheb Samarasta Chair'. The four books written by Shri Kishore Makwana ji have also been released on Babasaheb's life, his thoughts and ideals. I congratulate all the dignitaries involved in these efforts.
India has been the mother of democracy in the world. Democracy has been an integral part of our civilization and our way of life. Babasaheb laid a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage. When we read and understand Babasaheb, we realize that he was a person of universal vision.
There is a clear vision of Babasaheb's philosophy in Shri Kishore Makwana ji's books. While one of his books introduces Babasaheb’s “Jeevan Darshan” (philosophy of life), the other focuses on “Vyakti Darshan” (individual philosophy). Similarly, the third book highlights Babasaheb's “Rashtra Darshan” (national philosophy), whereas the fourth book “Aayam Darshan” will introduce his philosophy of dimension to the countrymen. These four philosophies are no less than modern scriptures in themselves.
I would like our new generation in colleges and universities to read more and more of such books. All these dimensions, whether it is the inclusive society, the concern for the rights of the Dalit-deprived society, the question of upliftment and contribution of women, or Babasaheb's vision on education and especially on higher education, will offer an opportunity to the youth of the country to understand Babasaheb.
Doctor Ambedkar would say:
"My three revered deities are -- Knowledge, self-respect and politeness.” Self-respect comes with knowledge and makes a person aware of his or her rights. Through equal rights, social harmony emerges and the country progresses.
We are all familiar with Babasaheb's struggles of life. The position that Babasaheb reached after so many struggles is a great inspiration for all of us. Our education system and universities have this responsibility to carry the country forward on the path shown by Babasaheb Ambedkar. And when it is the issue of common goals and shared efforts as a nation, collective efforts become the means of accomplishment.
Therefore, I think the role of Association of Indian Universities becomes very important. AIU also has the legacy of scholars like Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ji, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Smt. Hansa Mehta and Dr. Zakir Hussain.
Dr. Radhakrishnan ji would say: “The end-product of education should be a free creative man, who can battle against historical circumstances and adversities of nature”.
It implies that education should be such which should liberate the person, so that he can think openly, and make something new with a new thinking. He believed that we should develop our education management as a unit of the entire world. But at the same time, he emphasized the Indian character of education. This becomes even more important in the global scenario today.
Here special issues were released on the new 'National Education Policy' and plan for its implementation. These issues are detailed documents how National Education Policy is a futuristic policy, a policy of global parameters. You all scholars are familiar with the nuances of the National Education Policy. The purpose of education that Dr. Radhakrishnan ji spoke about is reflected in the core of this policy.
I am told that this time the theme of the seminar is - 'Implementing National Educational Policy-2020 to Transforming Higher Education in India'. All of you deserve congratulations for this.
I have been constantly discussing NEP with experts. National Education Policy is as practical as its implementation.
You have dedicated your entire life to education. You all know very well that every student has his own capability and capacity. Based on these capabilities, students and teachers also have three questions.
First: What can they do?
Second: What is their potential if they are properly taught?
And, third, what they want to do?
What a student can do is his inner strength. But if we add institutional strength to his inner strength, his development becomes expansive. With this combination, our youth can do what they want to do. Therefore, the country’s special emphasis is on skill development. As the country is moving ahead with the mission of the AatmaNirbhar Bharat, the role and demand of skilled youths is also increasing.
In view of the strength of skills, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee had placed greater emphasis on the collaboration of educational institutions and industries decades ago. Today, the country has immense opportunities, and there are new industries of modern times. India is being looked upon as a future centre of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, 3D printing, Virtual Reality, Robotics, mobile technology, geo-informatics, smart healthcare and defence sector. The country is taking huge steps to meet these requirements.
Indian Institutes of Skills are being set up in three big metropolitans of the country. The first batch of the Indian Institute of Skills has already started in Mumbai a few months ago in December. The Future Skills Initiative was launched with NASSCOM in 2018. This initiative offers training in more than 150 skill sets in 10 emerging technologies.
The new National Policy on Education also provides for NETF which emphasizes the maximum use of technology in education. We want all universities to be multi-disciplinary. We want to give flexibility to students so that they can complete courses anywhere easily through the easy entry-exit and Academic Bank of Credit. Every university in the country will have to work together to achieve all these goals. All the Vice Chancellors have to pay special attention to this.
A huge skill pool will be created in our universities for the new possibilities that we can create in the country. All of you are requested to work in this direction more expeditiously and the work should be completed within a stipulated time.
The country is rapidly transforming the lives of the poor, Dalits, the victims, the exploited and the deprived following the footsteps of Babasaheb Ambedkar. Babasaheb talked about equal opportunities and equal rights. Today, schemes like Jan Dhan accounts are leading to financial inclusion of every person and through DBT money is reaching directly to their accounts. The BHIM UPI that was launched for the digital economy has become a great strength for the poor today. Today, every poor person is getting a house and free electricity connection. Similarly, work is in the progress to provide clean water to villages under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
When there was a corona crisis, the country stood up for the poor and the labourers. There is no discrimination among the poor and the rich in the world's largest vaccination program. This is the path shown by Babasaheb and these are his ideals.
Babasaheb always emphasized on women empowerment and made many efforts in this direction. It is with this vision that the country is giving new opportunities to its daughters today. From toilets at home and schools to combat roles in the army, women are at the centre of every policy of the country today.
Similarly, the country is working to spread Babasaheb's message to the people. The places associated with Babasaheb are being developed as Panch Teerth.
A few years ago, I had the opportunity to dedicate the Dr. Ambedkar International Centre. Today, this Centre is emerging as a centre of research on social and economic issues and on Babasaheb's life.
Today, we are close to 75 years of independence, and we have goals for the next 25 years. The country’s future, the future goals and successes of the country are linked to our youth. It is our youth who will fulfill these resolutions. We have to give opportunities to the youth of the country to the best of their ability.
I am confident that our collective resolve and conscious efforts of the education world will realise this dream of a New India.
Our efforts and the hard work will be our tribute to Babasaheb.
With these good wishes, I once again thank you all very much. I wish you all the very best on Navratri. I also extend my special greetings on the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar.