The time is ripe to redefine ‘R&D’ as ‘Research’ for the ‘Development’ of the nation: PM Modi
Science is after all, but a means to a far greater end; of making a difference in the lives of others, of furthering human progress and welfare: PM
An 'Ethno-Medicinal Research Centre' has been set up in Manipur to undertake research on the wild herbs available in the North-East region: PM
State Climate Change Centres have been set up in 7 North-Eastern States: PM Modi
Our scientific achievements need to be communicated to society. This will help inculcate scientific temper among youth, says the Prime Minister
We are committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel based capacity in the electricity mix above 40% by 2030: Prime Minister
We have set a target of 100 GW of installed solar power by 2022: PM Narendra Modi
We have to be future ready in implementing technologies vital for the growth and prosperity of the nation, says PM Modi
I call upon the scientific community to extend its research from the labs to the land: PM

Governor of Manipur, Dr. Najma Heptullah, 

Chief Minister of Manipur, Shri N. Biren Singh, 

My ministerial colleague, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, 

Other distinguished dignitaries on the dais, 


Ladies and Gentlemen, 

Let me begin by paying my rich tributes to three very distinguished Indian scientists whom we lost in recent times – Padma Vibhushan Prof Yashpal, Padma Vibhushan Prof UR Rao and Padma Shri Dr Baldev Raj. They all made out-standing contributions to Indian science and education. 

Let us also join the world to mourn the death of one of the greatest physicists of our time,Stephen Hawking - one of the brightest stars of modern cosmology.He was a friend of India and had visited our country twice.The common man knows Hawking's name,not because of his work on black holes, but because of his unusually high commitmentand spirit against all odds.He will be remembered as one of the world’s greatest motivators of all time. 


I am happy to be here in Imphal today,on the occasion of the one hundred and fifth session of the Indian Science Congress.I am delighted to be among scientists, whose work paves the way for a better tomorrow.I am also pleased to see Manipur University hosting this important event.The University is emerging as an important center of higher educationin the North-East. I am told, that this is just the second time in over a century,that the Indian Science Congress is being held in the North-East.This is a testimony to the resurgent spirit of the North East. 

It bodeswell for the future.Science has been synonymous with progress and prosperityfrom time immemorial. As the best scientific minds of our nation,all of you gathered here todayare power-houses of knowledge, innovation and enterprise, and are best equipped to drive this change. 

The time is ripe to redefine ‘R&D’ as ‘Research’ for the ‘Development’ of the nation – that is ‘R&D’ in the real sense.Science is after all,but a means to a far greater end – of making a difference in the lives of others,of furthering human progress and welfare.The time is also ripe, to commit ourselves to facilitate 'Ease of Living' for 125 crore Indians,through the power as well as potential of science and technology. 

I stand here today, in this brave land of Manipur, where in April 1944 NetajiSubhas Chandra Bose's INA gave the clarion call for freedom.When you leave Manipur,I am sure you will also carry the same spirit of dedication to do something ever-lasting for our nation. I am also sure you will continue to work closely with the scientists you have met here. 

After all, effective solutionsto big problems of science and technology,also require close cooperationand coordination among scientists across diverse streams.The Union Governmenthas initiated several new programs for theNorth-Eastern States,in the area of science.Agro-MeteorologicalServices are being provided under the ग्रामीणकृषिमौसमसेवा.This is benefiting over five lakh farmers.We are now working to expand this networkto all districts of the North-East.Several new centers are bringing relevant science and technologyto the North-East.An “Ethno Medicinal Research Centre”has been set up in Manipur.This will undertake research on the wild herbs availablein the North Eastern region,which have unique medicinal and aromatic properties. 

State Climate Change Centreshave been set up in seven North-Eastern States. They will undertake risk analysis, and raise public awareness about climate change.We have freed “bamboo” from being treated as a ‘Tree’ species, and classified it as a “Grass,” which it scientificallyis. For this, we changed a decades old law. This amendment will allowfor the free movement of bamboo.It will ensure that the production and consumption centers are seamlessly integrated. It will make farmers realize the true potentialfrom the entire value chainin the bamboo ecosystem.Government is also revamping the National Bamboo Mission with an outlay of Rs. 1200 crore. States like Manipur will benefit from this decision. 


The Indian Science Congress has a rich legacy. It has been led by some of India’s tallest scientists, such as Acharya J.C. Bose, C.V. Raman,Meghnad Saha and S.N. Bose. New India, should seek inspiration from the high standards of excellence, set by these great scientists.During our interactions on various occasions, I have exhortedour scientists to seek solutions to our socio economic problems.I have urged them to take up new challenges to benefit the poor and deprived sections of society. 

In this context, the theme chosen for the Indian Science Congress this year, is quite appropriate: “Reaching the Unreachedthrough Science and Technology”.The theme is very close to my heart. 

Take the case of RajagopalanVasudevanrecognized with a Padma Shri in 2018.He is a professor from Madurai who developed and patented an innovative method to reuse plastic waste in the construction of roads.The roads made using this method are more durable,water resistant and load bearing. At the same time he has found a constructive use for the ballooning problemof plastic waste.Professor Vasudevan has given this technology to the Government for free.This technology has already been used to lay over 5,000 kilometers of roads across 11 states. 

Similarly, Arvind Gupta has been recognized with a Padma Shri in 2018,for inspiring generations of studentsto learn Science from Trash by using household materials and garbage to make toys for scientific experiments.ChintakindiMallesham was given a Padma Shri in 2017,for inventing the Laxmi ASU Machine which significantly reduced the time and labour required to weave Sarees.I therefore urge you to direct your research and innovationtowardssolving the problems of our times and meeting the aspirations of our people. Scientific Social Responsibilityis the need of the hour. 


The Session’s themealso raises some questions.Have we done enough to ensure that children in Indiaare sufficiently exposed to science?Are we giving them a conducive environment to develop their inherent talent? Our scientific achievements need to be actively comunicated to the society. This will help inculcate scientific temper among the youth. It will also excite and attract our young minds to careers in science. We have to throw open our national institutions and laboratories to our children.I call upon scientists to develop an appropriate mechanism for interaction with school-going children.I also urge them, to spend 100 hours every year, with 100 students of Classes 10,11 and 12 discussing various aspects of science and technology. 100 hours and 100 students, imagine how many scientists we can nurture this way! 


We are committed to increasing the share of non-fossil fuel based capacity in the electricity mix above 40 per cent by 2030. India is a leader in the multi-country International Solar Alliance and in Mission Innovation. These groupings are providing a thrust to R&D for clean energy. The Department of Atomic Energy is setting up ten new domestic Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors of 700 Mega Watt capacity each. This is a major boost to the domestic nuclear industry. It strengthens India’s credentials as a major nuclear manufacturing nation. In recent times, CSIR has developed a hand-held milk tester, which helps every family to test quality of milk within seconds. CSIR has also achieved breakthroughs in developing diagnostic kits for rare genetic diseases and high value aromatic and medicinal plants used by farmers to increase their income. 

We are making concerted efforts to achieve complete elimination of TB from India. A few days ago, at the ‘End TB Summit’ in New Delhi, we demonstrated our commitment to eliminate TB from India by 2025, five years ahead of the WHO target of 2030. Our space research program has the capacity to successfully place over one hundred satellites in space in one go.This has been made possible through the hard work and dedication of Indian Scientists. 

After the success of Chandrayan-1 we plan to launch Chandrayan-2 in the coming months.This fully indigenous effort will include landing and travel on the surface of the moon by a rover.The greatest scientist of the last century,Albert Einstein had given the theory about “gravitational waves”.It is a matter of immense pride for all of usthat 37 Indian scientists from nine Indian institutions participated in the international Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) Collaboration and proved this theory correct three years ago.Our Government has already given approvalto establish third LIGO detector in the country. It will expand our knowledge in basic Sciences in the areas of lasers, light waves, and computing. I am told that our scientists are tirelessly working towards making this a reality. I have talked about developing Clusters of Excellence in Science in Cities, around important Scientific Institutions.The objective is to create city-based R&D Clusters, which will bring together all Science and Technology partners, from Academia to Institutes, to Industries to Startups.This will help promote new discoveries, and create globally competitive vibrant research hubs. 

We have recently approved a new “Prime Minister’s Research Fellows” scheme.Under this Scheme, bright minds from the best Institutions in the country,namely, IISc, IIT, NIT, IISERand IIIT will be offered direct admission in Ph.D. Programme in IIT and IISc.This scheme will help address the brain-drain from our country. It will go a long way in promoting indigenous research in cutting-edge Science and Technology domains. 


India faces major socio-economic challengeswhich affect large sections of our population. We need science and technology to help us make India clean, green and prosperous. Let me re-iterate some of my expectations from scientists. A large section of our tribal population is affected by सिकलसेलअनीमिया. Can our Scientists come up with a simple, cost-effective solution to this problemin the near future.A large proportion of our children are affected by malnutrition.To address this problem,the Government of India has launched the National Nutrition Mission.Your suggestions and solutionscan help us meet the objectives of the Mission. 

India requires crores of new houses.Can our scientists adopt 3D printing technology to help us meet this demand? Our rivers are polluted. It requires your innovative ideas and new technologiesto clean them.We need a multi-pronged approachincluding efficient solar and wind power,energy storage and electric mobility solutions,clean cooking,conversion of coal to clean fuels like methanol,cleaner power from coal, smart grids, micro-grids and bio-fuels. 

We have set a target of having 100 Giga Wattsof installed solar power by 2022. Efficiency of solar modules currently available in the marketis around 17% to 18%.Can our scientists take a challengeto come up with a more efficient solar module, which can be produced in India at the same cost? Imagine the resourceswe will be saving on this account. ISRO uses one of the best battery systemsto run satellites in space.Other institutions can partner with ISROto develop cost effective and efficient battery systemsfor mobile phones and electric cars.We need to develop new procedures,medicines,and vaccinesto get rid of silent killerslike Malaria and Japanese Encephalitis.Research should also be conductedin Yoga, sports, and traditional knowledge disciplines. Small and medium scale industry unitshave been the main-stay for employment generation.With global competition,they are facing increasing challenges.Can our scientific and technological institutions take up the cause of the MSME sectorand assist these unitsin improving processes and products? 


We have to be future ready in implementing technologiesvital for the growth and prosperity of the nation. Technology will allowfar greater penetration of services such as education, healthcare, and bankingto our citizens.India should become a major playerin developing technologies,devices,standards and manufacturingfor 5-G broadband tele-comunication networks by 2020. Together with Artificial Intelligence,Big Data Analytics,Machine Learning and cyber-physical systems,effective comunication will be a major ingredientin our success in smart manufacturing,smart cities,and Industry 4.0.Let us aim for India to be among the top 10 countriesin the Global Innovation Index by 2030.  


Four years from now,we will be celebrating the 75th year of our Independence.We have collectively resolvedto build a New India by 2022.We need to worktowards shared prosperity,in the spirit of सबकासाथ, सबकाविकास.This goal requires whole-hearted contributionfrom each one of you. The Indian economyis on a high growth trajectory.But we rank low in Human Development Indicators. One of the important reasons for this in-consistency is major inter-stateand intra-state disparity.To address this,we have launched a concerted effortto improve the performance of over 100 Aspirational Districts.We shall focus on important sectorssuch as Health and Nutrition;Education;Agriculture and Water Resources; Financial Inclusion; Skill Development; and Basic Infrastructure.All these sectorsrequire innovative solutions, which cater to local challenges and requirements.The “one size fits all” approachcannot work in this case.Can our Scientific Institutionsserve these Aspirational Districts?Can they catalyze creation and diffusion of appropriate technologies that generate skills and entrepreneur-ship? 

This would be a great service to Mother India. India has a rich traditionand a long history of both discovery and use science and technology. It is time to reclaim our rightful place among the front-line nations in this field.I call upon the scientific community to extend its researchfrom the labs, to the land.I am confident that through the dedicated efforts of our scientists, we are embarkingon the road to a better future. The future we wish for ourselves,and for our children. 

Thank You. 

Explore More
Today's India is an aspirational society: PM Modi on Independence Day

Popular Speeches

Today's India is an aspirational society: PM Modi on Independence Day
Very bullish on India, says Apple CEO; describes country as a major focus

Media Coverage

Very bullish on India, says Apple CEO; describes country as a major focus

Nm on the go

Always be the first to hear from the PM. Get the App Now!
PM to visit Karnataka on 6th February
February 04, 2023
PM to inaugurate India Energy Week 2023 in Bengaluru
Moving ahead on the ethanol blending roadmap, PM to launch E20 fuel
PM to flag off Green Mobility Rally to create public awareness for green fuels
PM to launch the uniforms under ‘Unbottled’ initiative of Indian Oil - each uniform to support recycling of around 28 used PET bottles
PM to dedicate the twin-cooktop model of the IndianOil’s Indoor Solar Cooking System - a revolutionary indoor solar cooking solution that works on both solar and auxiliary energy sources simultaneously
In yet another step towards Aatmanirbharta in defence sector, PM to dedicate to the nation the HAL Helicopter Factory in Tumakuru
PM to lay foundation stones of Tumakuru Industrial Township and of two Jal Jeevan Mission projects in Tumakuru

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will visit Karnataka on 6th February, 2023. At around 11:30 AM, Prime Minister will inaugurate India Energy Week 2023 at Bengaluru. Thereafter, at around 3:30 PM, he will dedicate to the nation the HAL helicopter factory at Tumakuru and also lay the foundation stone of various development initiatives.

India Energy Week 2023

Prime Minister will inaugurate the India Energy Week (IEW) 2023 in Bengaluru. Being held from 6th to 8th February, IEW is aimed to showcase India's rising prowess as an energy transition powerhouse. The event will bring together leaders from the traditional and non-traditional energy industry, governments, and academia to discuss the challenges and opportunities that a responsible energy transition presents. It will see the presence of more than 30 Ministers from across the world. Over 30,000 delegates, 1,000 exhibitors and 500 speakers will gather to discuss the challenges and opportunities of India's energy future. During the programme, Prime Minister will participate in a roundtable interaction with global oil & gas CEOs. He will also launch multiple initiatives in the field of green energy.

The ethanol blending programme has been a key focus areas of the government to achieve Aatmanirbharta in the field of energy. Due to the sustained efforts of the government, ethanol production capacity has seen a six times increase since 2013-14. The achievements in the course of last eight years under under Ethanol Blending Programe & Biofuels Programe have not only augmented India’s energy security but have also resulted in a host of other benefits including reduction of 318 Lakh Metric Tonnes of CO2 emissions and foreign exchange savings of around Rs 54,000 crore. As a result, there has been payment of around Rs 81,800 crore towards ethanol supplies during 2014 to 2022 and transfer of more than Rs 49,000 crore to farmers.

In line with the ethanol blending roadmap, Prime Minister will launch E20 fuel at 84 retail outlets of Oil Marketing Companies in 11 States/UTs. E20 is a blend of 20% ethanol with petrol. The government aims to achieve a complete 20% blending of ethanol by 2025, and oil marketing companies are setting up 2G-3G ethanol plants that will facilitate the progress.

Prime Minister will also flag off the Green Mobility Rally. The rally will witness participation of vehicles running on green energy sources and will help create public awareness for the green fuels.

Prime Minister will launch the uniforms under ‘Unbottled’ initiative of Indian Oil. Guided by the vision of the Prime Minister to phase out single-use plastic, IndianOil has adopted uniforms for retail customer attendants and LPG delivery personnel made from recycled polyester (rPET) & cotton. Each set of uniform of IndianOil’s customer attendant shall support recycling of around 28 used PET bottles. IndianOil is taking this initiative further through ‘Unbottled’ - a brand for sustainable garments, launched for merchandise made from recycled polyester. Under this brand, IndianOil targets to meet the requirement of uniforms for the customer attendants of other Oil Marketing Companies, non-combat uniforms for Army, uniforms/ dresses for Institutions & sales to retail customers.

Prime Minister will also dedicate the twin-cooktop model of the IndianOil’s Indoor Solar Cooking System and flag-off its commercial roll-out. IndianOil had earlier developed an innovative and patented Indoor Solar Cooking System with single cooktop. On the basis of feedback received, twin-cooktop Indoor Solar Cooking system has been designed offering more flexibility and ease to the users. It is a revolutionary indoor solar cooking solution that works on both solar and auxiliary energy sources simultaneously, making it a reliable cooking solution for India.

PM in Tumakuru

In yet another step towards Aatmanirbharta in the defence sector, Prime Minister will dedicate to the nation the HAL Helicopter Factory in Tumakuru. Its foundation stone was also laid by the Prime Minister in 2016. It is a dedicated new greenfield helicopter factory which will enhance capacity and ecosystem to build helicopters.

This helicopter factory is Asia’s largest helicopter manufacturing facility and will initially produce the Light Utility Helicopters (LUH). LUH is an indigenously designed and developed 3-ton class, single engine multipurpose utility helicopter with unique feature of high manoeuvrability.

The factory will be expanded to manufacture other helicopters such as Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) and Indian Multirole Helicopter (IMRH) as well as for repair and overhaul of LCH, LUH, Civil ALH and IMRH in the future. The factory also has the potential for exporting the Civil LUHs in future.

This facility will enable India to meet its entire requirement of helicopters indigenously and will attain the distinction of enabling self-reliance in helicopter design, development and manufacture in India.

The factory will have a manufacturing set up of Industry 4.0 standards. Over the next 20 years, HAL is planning to produce more than 1000 helicopters in the class of 3-15 tonnes from Tumakuru. This will result in providing employment for around 6000 people in the region.

Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of Tumakuru Industrial Township. Under the National Industrial Corridor Development Programme, development of the Industrial Township spread across 8484 acre in three phases in Tumakuru has been taken up as part of Chennai Bengaluru Industrial Corridor.

Prime Minister will lay the foundation stones of two Jal Jeevan Mission projects at Tiptur and Chikkanayakanahalli in Tumakuru. The Tiptur Multi-Village Drinking Water Supply Project will be built at a cost of over Rs 430 crores. The Multi-village water supply scheme to 147 habitations of Chikkanayakanahlli taluk will be built at a cost of around Rs 115 crores. The projects will facilitate provision of clean drinking water for the people of the region.