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The Gujarati version of Hon'ble CM's message is available here.

Shri Narendra Modi appeals all to experience the celestial treat of Transit of Venus on 6th June 2012  (Sunrise to 10:30 am)

Unique and last in the century celestial treat for one and all 

The Transit of Venus is among the rarest astronomical phenomena and won't happen again until the year 2117 

The unique astronomical event has a lot of potential for science education 

While viewing the transit, it is vital that to protect eyes at all times with the proper solar filters 

(GUJCOST) has designed and developed a series of activities and outreach materials on Transit of Venus for students, teachers & the community members 

6th June 2012 is going to be our date for rendezvous with Venus 

 

This year's grand celebration is on 6th June 2012, the Transit of Venus! The Transit of Venus is among the rarest astronomical phenomena and won't happen again until the year 2117. Only seven have occurred since the invention of the telescope in 1608. So prepare now, and don't miss out on this extremely special event!

 Like solar and lunar eclipses, sometimes, the inner planets come in between our Sun and Earth by the way of their orbiting. This is called as transit of planets. As seen from Earth, only transits of Mercury and Venus are possible. Venus transits occur in two pairs every 243 years (121.5 + 8 + 105.5 +8 = 243).

A transit is a great opportunity for the public concurrently to study the sun, which influences life on earth on both a planetary and a personal scale.

Scientific Significance: 

Venus Transit has continued to yield fascinating new information for scientists and the public. The unique astronomical event has a lot of potential for science education, from elementary to college level. Various educational projects are being initiated that will increase students’ understanding of the solar system and the historical development of scientific knowledge, as well as open up their horizons to today’s scientific frontiers.

Venus Transit in history

 Only six transits of Venus are known to have been observed (though claims are made for earlier observations by Persian astronomers) with the last, in 2004, watched by millions who used telescopes to project images of the Sun's disc and the dot of Venus on to cards or electronic monitors. After this year's, the next will be in 2117 and then 2125.

 The first transit of Venus was predicted by Johannes Kepler who calculated one would occur in 1631. However, this was not visible from Europe.

Venus, for all its glittering beauty in the night sky and its association with the Roman goddess of love, is a deeply unpleasant world. It has a surface temperature of 460C, its dense atmosphere of carbon dioxide has incinerated or crushed all robot spacecraft that have landed on it and its surface is shrouded by thick clouds of sulphuric acid. Once thought to be a sister world to Earth, because of their similar sizes and orbits round the Sun, Venus is more like a vision of hell.

Safe viewing Venus Transit 

The transit of Venus is a rare and striking phenomenon one won't want to miss — but care must be taken to follow safety procedures. One can experience the transit of Venus safely, but it is vital that to protect eyes at all times with the proper solar filters. No matter what recommended technique you may use, do not stare continuously at the Sun. Take breaks and give your eyes a rest! Do not use sunglasses: they don't offer your eyes sufficient protection.

State-wide campaign 

In order to popularize the astronomy and this unique celestial event across the state, Gujarat Council on Science & Technology (GUJCOST) has designed and developed a series of activities and outreach materials on Transit of Venus for the students, teachers and the community members. This include a unique activity kit with 25 hands-on activities to be conducted during the transit time, a booklet, and informative film depicting the significance of the transit of Venus with its genesis and safe observation practices have been developed in Gujarati language for the mass awareness and further dissemination. State level training workshops has been organized to train local resource persons to guide the students and common public for safe viewing of Venus Transit. GUJCOST through its Community Science Centers and Science Club networks is coordinating a variety of outreach programmes for Venus Transit.

Gujarat Science City in association with Vigyan Prasar has also prepared an activity kit for a country-wide campaign through thousands of science club as well as common people. About 15,000 activity kits and 1000 modular telescope have been fabricated and distributed across the country through VIPNET Science Clubs and State S&T Councils.

6th June 2012 is going to be our date for rendezvous with Venus. The next transit would take place only after a long gap of 105.5 years. This transit is special because it is the last time in our lifetimes that we will have an opportunity to collect data for a planet as well characterized as Venus. This event would offer science communicators a great opportunity to popularize astronomy, and address unscientific beliefs and superstitions associated with celestial events. We do hope you would be a part of this great celestial event!

(Details as given by Dr. Narottam Sahoo, Sr. Scientist, Gujarat Science City & Advisor, GUJCOST, Dept of Science & Technology, Govt of Gujarat)

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PM launches digital payment solution e-RUPI
August 02, 2021
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e-RUPI voucher is going to play a major role in strengthening the DBT scheme: PM Modi
e-RUPI will help in assuring targeted, transparent and leakage-free delivery for all: PM Modi
e-RUPI is a person as well as a purpose-specific payment platform: PM Modi

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched digital payment solution e-RUPI, a person and purpose specific digital payment solution, today via video conference. e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment.

Addressing the event, the Prime Minister said that the eRUPI voucher is going to play a huge role in making DBT more effective in digital transactions in the country and  will give a new dimension to digital governance. This will help everyone in targeted, transparent and leakage free delivery. He said e-RUPI is a symbol of how India is progressing by connecting people’s lives with technology. He also expressed happiness that this futuristic reform initiative has come at a time when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav on the  75th anniversary of independence.

He said in addition to the government, if any organization wants to help someone in their treatment, education or for any other work, then they will be able to give an eRUPI voucher instead of cash. This will ensure that the money given by him is used for the work for which the amount was given.

 

The Prime Minister said eRUPI is person as well as purpose specific. eRUPI will ensure that the money is being used for the purpose for which any help or any benefit is being provided.

The Prime Minister recalled that there was a time when technology was considered a domain of the rich people and there was no scope for technology in a poor country like India. He remembered when this government took technology as a mission, it was questioned by the political leaders and certain types of experts.  He added that today the country has also denied the thinking of those people, and has proved them wrong. Today the thinking of the country is different, it is new. Today we are seeing technology as a tool to help the poor, a tool for their progress.

The Prime Minister noted how technology is bringing in transparency and integrity in transections and creating new opportunities and making them available to the poor. He mentioned that for reaching today’s unique product, foundation was prepared over the years by creating the JAM system which connected mobile and Aadhaar. Benefits of JAM took some time to be visible to people and we saw how we could help the needy during the lockdown period while other countries were struggling to help their people, said the Prime Minister. He noted that in India, more than seventeen and half lakh crore rupees have been transferred directly to the accounts of the people via Direct Benefit Transfer. More than three hundred schemes are using DBT. 90 crore Indian are being benefited in some way or the other through in areas like LPG, ration, medical treatment, scholarship, pension or wage disbursal. 1 lakh 35 thousand crore rupees have directly been transferred to farmers under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi, 85 thousand crore rupees for government purchase of wheat were also disbursed in this manner. “The biggest benefit of this all is that 1 lakh 78 thousand crore rupees were prevented from going to the wrong hands, '' he added.

The Prime Minister noted that development of digital transactions in India has empowered the poor and deprived, small businesses, farmers and tribal population.  This can be felt in the record of 300 crore UPI transactions in the month of July amounting to  6 lakh crore rupees.

The Prime Minister said India is proving to the world that we are second to none in adopting technology and adapting to it. When it comes to innovations, use of technology in service delivery, he said that India has the ability to give global leadership alongside major countries of the world.

The Prime Minister said that the PM Svanidhi Yojana has helped more than 23 lakh street vendors in small towns and large cities of the country. During this pandemic period, about Rs 2300 crore has been disbursed to them.

The Prime Minister said the world is recognizing the impact of the work done in the last 6-7 years for digital infrastructure and digital transactions in the country. Especially in India, a huge base of fintech has been created which is not present even in developed countries, he added.