Aatmanirbhar Bharat: A Journey to Self Reliance

Published By : Admin | February 24, 2024 | 17:11 IST

On May 13, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a national address , where he spoke of the economic challenges facing India due to the COVID-19 pandemic and unveiled a substantial economic package worth ₹20 lakh crore to rejuvenate the Indian economy. Prime Minister Narendra Modi called upon the citizens to participate in the mission of building a self-reliant India, often referred to as an "Aatma Nirbhar" nation, by not only supporting local businesses but also by actively promoting them. PM Modi remarked “When India speaks of self-reliance it does not speak of self-centred system,In India’s self-reliance there is a concern for the whole world’s happiness, cooperation and peace”.

To give necessary thrust on Aatmanirbhar Bharat, the government had allocated Rs 1.97 lakh crore for in the Union Budget 2021-22 across 14 sectors. The primary goal of was to enhance India's manufacturing capabilities and boost exports.


As of September 2023, the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes for 14 sectors, such as electronics, telecommunication, pharma, white goods, and textiles, have successfully attracted investments totalling over Rs 1 lakh crore.

The Commerce and Industry Ministry disclosed that, until November 2023, 746 applications had been approved under these schemes.

PLI units have been established in more than 150 districts across 24 states. The ministry highlighted that these schemes have resulted in direct and indirect employment for over 6.4 lakh individuals, contributing to production/sales amounting to Rs 7.80 lakh crore.

In the fiscal year 2022-23, incentives worth approximately Rs 2,900 crore have been disbursed. The statement also emphasised a 20% increase in mobile manufacturing over the past three years, with notable achievements in import substitution in the telecom and pharma sectors.

Within the white goods sector, 64 companies have been selected under the PLI scheme. Among them, 34 companies have invested Rs 5,429 crore in air conditioner components, and 30 companies have invested Rs 1,337 crore in LED component manufacturing.

Furthermore, the scheme is anticipated to attract additional investments of Rs 6,766 crore, creating an additional 48,000 jobs. Notably, 13 foreign companies are expected to invest Rs 2,090 crore in this endeavour.

One of the key success stories of the PLI scheme has been the production shift by Apple from China.

In a notable achievement for the Modi government's "Make in India" initiative and the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme, Apple has successfully assembled iPhones with a freight-on-board (FOB) value surpassing Rs 60,000 crore in the initial seven months of the fiscal year 2023-24 (FY24) through its India-based suppliers.

This accomplishment represents 81% of their combined target of Rs 74,000 crore, a requirement under the PLI scheme for mobile devices in FY24. Notably, 70% of this achievement is attributed to iPhone exports from India. The data is sourced from Apple's three vendors - Foxconn, Pegatron, and Wistron (now owned by Tatas) - provided to both the Centre and state governments, and as reported by Business Standard.

The Free On Board (FOB) value, including the ex-factory cost and additional expenses like transportation and warehousing, has shown impressive performance. Based on current trends, the three suppliers are projected to reach an FOB value of Rs 90,000 crore to Rs 1 lakh crore in iPhone production by the end of FY24. This represents a substantial increase of 20 to 35% compared to their commitments under the PLI scheme.

If the three vendors achieve this goal, they would comfortably surpass the FOB value target of Rs 92,526 crore for FY25. Looking ahead, the aim for the fifth year is to reach Rs 1.09 lakh crore, facilitating Apple's plan to shift 18-20% of its iPhone production to India by FY26.

In the first seven months of FY24, the three vendors achieved an FOB value closely matching Apple's entire FY23 performance, totalling Rs. 62,000 crore. Even in the second year of operations, Apple exceeded its commitment under the scheme, producing iPhones with an FOB value of Rs 47,000 crore against the committed Rs 62,000 crore.

The significant surge in the FOB value of iPhone production this year is attributed to a substantial increase in iPhone exports from India. Exports reached $5 billion (Rs 41,700 crore) in the initial seven months of FY24, marking a remarkable 177% growth year-on-year. In comparison, during the same period last year, iPhone exports from India amounted to only $1.8 billion.

Consequently, Apple's share in the total exports of mobile devices from India has seen a substantial rise, increasing from 45% in FY23 to 62.5% within the initial seven months of FY24. This positive trend has prompted the government to set ambitious targets, with Communications Minister Ashwani Vaishnaw announcing a goal of reaching $15 billion in mobile device exports from India and an overall production value of $50 billion within the country by the end of the financial year 2024.

What has also worked for the PLI, as an external factor, is the slowdown in the Chinese economy, which has increased labour costs and left many manufacturers worried about the ambiguity in policy making, as witnessed during the Covid-zero lockdowns.

Modi Government’s Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme had its origins in the Covid-19 pandemic, as India finally aimed for atma nirbharta in the manufacturing sector. Contrary to what some critics have been claiming, the PLI programme is critical in ushering a manufacturing ecosystem in the country, which will also help micro, small, and medium enterprises in the long run. From assembling in the first stage, the country will soon be a key player in the manufacturing of components, thus integrating it in the global supply chain and consequently, the economy.

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PM Modi’s Vision Fuels Delhi’s Development
April 12, 2024

“Delhi has the good fortune to get an opportunity of keeping the flag of nations' prestige flying high.”
- PM Narendra Modi as Delhi prepared to host the G20 Summit

The last ten years of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government have set in motion the creation of a New India—from rural to urban, from water to electricity, from houses to health, from education to employment, from castes to classes—a comprehensive plan bringing growth and prosperity to each doorstep.

The National Capital Territory of Delhi has emerged as a pivotal part of this dynamic developmental momentum spearheaded by PM Modi throughout this transformative decade.

The city has been at the heart of the infrastructural shift that has given a dedicated facelift to the entire nation. Today infrastructural marvels like Atal Setu, Chenab Bridge, Statue of Unity, and Zojila Tunnel dot India’s ever-evolving landscape.

With its focus on revamping transportation networks, upgrading urban amenities, and expanding digital infrastructure, the Modi government has launched an array of transformative initiatives. From railways, highways to airports, these initiatives have been key in galvanising inclusive and sustainable development across the length and breadth of the country.

The impressive expansion of the metro rail network has revolutionised urban commuting in India. From a mere 5 cities in 2014, the metro rail network now serves 21 cities across the nation—expanding from 248 km in 2014 to 945 km by 2024, with 919 km of lines under construction in 26 additional cities.

The Union Cabinet has recently approved two new corridors of Delhi Metro Phase-IV—Lajpat Nagar to Saket G-Block and Inderlok to Indraprastha. Both the lines have a combined length of over 20 kms with a project cost of over Rs. 8,000 crore (funding being sourced from the Union Govt, Govt of Delhi, and international agencies). The Inderlok- Indraprastha line will play a significant role in enhancing connectivity to the Bahadurgarh region of Haryana. Additionally, India’s first Namo Bharat train, operating on the Delhi-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) corridor further underlines the Modi government’s commitment to enhancing regional connectivity and upgrading its transportation infrastructure.

Further, the Bharatmala Pariyojana envisages improved logistics efficiency and connectivity via the development of nearly 35,000 km of National Highway corridors. 25 greenfield high-speed corridors have been planned under the plan out of which four intersect with Delhi’s growing infra capacity: Delhi-Mumbai Expressway, Delhi-Amritsar-Katra Expressway, Delhi-Saharanpur-Dehradun Expressway, and the Urban Extension Road-II. The total project length sanctioned for Delhi is 203 km with an allocation of over Rs. 18,000 crore.

Over the past decade, the Modi government has consistently dedicated efforts towards augmenting capacity and decongestion of airports. After the IGI Airport Delhi became the first airport in the country to have four runways and an elevated taxiway, the expanded state-of-the-art Terminal 1 has also been inaugurated recently. In addition, the upcoming Noida International Airport (Jewar) shall further contribute to decongestion of the Delhi airport which is serving millions of passengers annually.

Besides, the inauguration of the New Parliament has further added civilisational yet modern connotations to the city’s landscape. Inauguration of the Yashobhoomi (India International Convention & Expo Centre) has given Delhi India’s largest convention and exhibition centre, offering a mixed purpose tourism experience. Along with Yashobhoomi, the Bharat Mandapam, a world-class convention and exhibition centre, showcases India to the world.

In terms of welfare, the Modi government has launched several schemes benefitting people hitherto on the margins of growth and development. Women’s safety in Delhi has been a key concern. To address the same, the Modi government strengthened the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 by increasing the quantum of punishment for rape, including capital punishment for rape of a girlchild below the age of 12.

The Union Home Ministry established a separate Women Safety Division back in 2018. One-stop centers, Sakhi Niwas, Safe City Project, Nirbhaya Fund, SHe-Box, Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences, and Cri-MAC (Crime Multi-Agency Center) among others are significant additions in the government’s campaign towards women safety.

In addition, Swachh Bharat Mission, PM Ujjwala Yojana, PM Matru Vandana Yojana, and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao have further led to the empowerment of Nari Shakti in India.

As India becomes the 3rd largest startup ecosystem in the world, Delhi is also contributing significantly towards this development. Today over 13,000 DPIIT-recognised startups are functioning in Delhi even as the government is promoting self-employment through PM MUDRA Yojana with over 2.3 lakh loans sanctioned worth over Rs. 3,000 crore for FY2023-24 (as on 26.01.2024).

PM SVANidhi, which provides collateral free loans to street vendors, is supporting over 1.67 lakh beneficiaries in Delhi. Further, under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana, launched in 2020 to incentivise employers for creation of new employment and restoration of loss of employment during Covid-19 pandemic, over 2.2 lakh employees benefitted in Delhi.

Further, nearly 30,000 houses have been sanctioned and completed in Delhi under PM Awas Yojana (Urban).

Air pollution has been a recurring problem for the people of Delhi. Conscious of this reality, the central government has launched the National Clean Air Programme as a national level strategy to reduce air pollution level across the country.

The Modi government's tenure over the last decade has brought about a remarkable transformation in Delhi across various fronts. From infrastructure development to governance reforms, from education to employment, the government's initiatives have left an indelible mark on the capital city. As Delhi continues on its journey of progress and development, the contributions of the Modi government are set to shape its future trajectory for years to come.