Place : Beijing, China Speech Date : 9-11-2011

  • India and China are young nations, old civilizations.
  • It is these 2 countries pulling out the world from recession.
  • Gujarat is 5% of India’s population but 16% industrial output and 22% exports.
  • Also put great emphasis on cultural exchanges.
  • China is India’s biggest trade partner and this exchange will only increase in future.

Speech of Hon’ble Chief Minister, Gujarat Mr. Narendra Modi in the meeting with His Excellency Mr. Wang Gang Member of CPC Politburo at Great Hall of the China, Beijing on November 9, 2011 (afternoon)


Your Excellency Mr. Wang Gang,

His Excellency Dr. Jaishankar,

Other senior officials of CPC,

Ladies and gentlemen !

I am delighted to be here with you. It is always a great pleasure to come to China. I thank the CPC for extending the invitation to me and my esteemed colleagues to visit this great country. This is my third visit to China. Over the years, I have witnessed the expanding ties between the two great countries. I thank the people of China and CPC for their warmth, hospitality and excellent arrangements.

India and China, two young Asian nations, are home of 2.5 billion of world’s humanity. Both are very ancient civilizations. Our history is full of experiences of statesmen, scholars, historians, monks, pilgrims, traders and travellers of each country who visited the other country. The exchanges of great ideas by these men and women during their visits have not only enriched our societies but have benefited the whole mankind. These exchanges have been a source of strength to our relations. Therefore, it is very befitting that the year of 2011 has been declared as the ‘Year of India – China Exchange’.

Presently, both countries are pulling up the world economy from recession. We both are engaged in the task of socio–economic transformation and betterment of our people’s lives. The People’s Republic of China has shown to the world as to how building process of a country can be fast tracked.

In the same manner, today, India is also on the path of faster inclusive growth with a model of sustainable development. We have a lot to learn from each other’s experience. We have got mutual stake in each other’s development, well being and prosperity. India and China, have a lot to give to the world.

Within India, Gujarat represents a model of faster, modernised and organised growth. It is considered the Growth Engine of India – something like ‘Guangdong’ of China. Gujarat’s population of 60 million constitutes only 5% of India’s population. But it contributes to 16% of India’s industrial output and 22% of its exports. With 1,650 Kilo meter of coastline, we have 42 minor ports and 3 major ports. Our ports handle about 40% of the total cargo of India.

Your Excellency! for the last one decade, Gujarat is witnessing double digit growth. The State is recognised as the ‘prime manufacturing hub of India’. People of Gujarat are peace loving, friendly, industrious and business–minded. They travel all over the world and bring home the recent advances in different fields. With our open mind, we always welcome people from other parts of the world. Our State provides a highly conducive environment for foreign professions and investments. With this strength, we are aiming at becoming a Global Hub of economic activities.

Already, we have a good flow of foreign investments. Almost every day, some major company is coming to Gujarat. In recent years, some Chinese companies have also come to Gujarat. Just three days back, an MOU was signed with TBEA to develop a Green Energy Park in Gujaratwith an investment of 400 million US Dollars. Gujarat provides excellent opportunity for doing business. It has got the best physical, industrial and social infrastructure in India. This includes 24x7 power supply. The best thing is that there is no labour problem in the State. In the last few years, Gujarat has emerged as a ‘knowledge hub’ with opening of a number of foreign and domestic universities and institutions.

I have seen lot of interest among Chinese companies to work in Gujarat. We wholeheartedly welcome them. My visit is to re-enforce that process. At the same time, I feel that to give a big boost to the economic interaction, we must emphasize on cultural exchange. We are already doing the same. However, from Gujarat’s perspective, I am keen to start a Mandarin language school. We also have a number of Buddhist places which can be the driver of cultural exchange. You may be happy to know that Gujarat has emerged a great tourist destination.

Your Excellency! a very high profile delegation is here with me. It comprises of key government officials and the trade and industry leaders of India. We would be happy to have an opportunity to interact with the Chinese people and firms. China is already India’s biggest trade partner. I am sure that this exchange will further accelerate this trend.

Once again, I thank the CPC for inviting us to visit China. During our visit, I look forward to fruitful discussions here and also at in Shanghai and Chengdu. The cooperation between India and China is the key for Asian century, which is unfolding. I’m sure that this visit will help us in enhancing the cooperation between the two great countries.

Thank You…


Your Excellency! While I was planning my trip to China, some people of my State gave a representation. It pertains to 22 Indian nationals languishing in Chinese jail since 2010. They belong to Gujarat and their families have requested me to take up their case for their early release. I have been given to understand that their trial has been completed in April, 2011 but the judgement is still awaited. Due to prolonged detention, people in Gujarat are concerned.

You may like to recall that earlier this year, India responded positively in case of some Chinese nationals caught while illegally entering into India. People back in India are expecting similar reciprocity. Your Excellency ! we have to keep in view the human aspect of the whole episode. May I request you to kindly take up this issue with the concerned authorities for early resolution of the matter? This will go a long way in creating more favourable atmosphere for China in India.

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Text of PM’s Address at the 95th Meeting of AIU and National Seminar of Vice Chancellors
April 14, 2021
Baba Saheb Ambedkar had a universal vision: PM Modi
Baba Saheb Ambedkar gave a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage: PM
We have to give opportunities to the youth according to their potential. Our efforts towards this is the only tribute to Baba Saheb Ambedkar: PM


Present with me in this programme, Gujarat Governor Acharya Shri Dev Vrat ji, the country’s Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank ji, Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Vijay Rupani ji, Education Minister of Gujarat Shri Bhupendra Singh ji, Chairman of UGC Prof. D.P.Singh ji, Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Ami Upadhyay ji, Association of Indian Universities President Prof. Taj Pratap ji, all dignitaries and friends.

Today when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, the occasion of Babasaheb Ambedkar ji's birth anniversary also connects us with that great yagna and also with the inspiration of the future. On behalf of the grateful nation and all the countrymen, I pay my respectful homage to Babasaheb.


During the freedom struggle, millions and millions of our freedom fighters dreamt of a harmonious and inclusive India. Babasaheb made the beginning in realizing those dreams in the form of the Constitution to the country. Today India is creating a new future and achieving new dimensions of success by following the same Constitution.


Today, the 95th meeting of the Vice Chancellors of Association of Indian Universities is taking place on this auspicious day. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University has announced the establishment of 'Babasaheb Samarasta Chair'. The four books written by Shri Kishore Makwana ji have also been released on Babasaheb's life, his thoughts and ideals. I congratulate all the dignitaries involved in these efforts.


India has been the mother of democracy in the world. Democracy has been an integral part of our civilization and our way of life. Babasaheb laid a strong foundation to independent India so the nation could move forward while strengthening its democratic heritage. When we read and understand Babasaheb, we realize that he was a person of universal vision.

There is a clear vision of Babasaheb's philosophy in Shri Kishore Makwana ji's books. While one of his books introduces Babasaheb’s “Jeevan Darshan” (philosophy of life), the other focuses on “Vyakti Darshan” (individual philosophy). Similarly, the third book highlights Babasaheb's “Rashtra Darshan” (national philosophy), whereas the fourth book “Aayam Darshan” will introduce his philosophy of dimension to the countrymen.  These four philosophies are no less than modern scriptures in themselves.

I would like our new generation in colleges and universities to read more and more of such books. All these dimensions, whether it is the inclusive society, the concern for the rights of the Dalit-deprived society, the question of upliftment and contribution of women, or Babasaheb's vision on education and especially on higher education, will offer an opportunity to the youth of the country to understand Babasaheb.


Doctor Ambedkar would say:

"My three revered deities are -- Knowledge, self-respect and politeness.” Self-respect comes with knowledge and makes a person aware of his or her rights. Through equal rights, social harmony emerges and the country progresses.

We are all familiar with Babasaheb's struggles of life. The position that Babasaheb reached after so many struggles is a great inspiration for all of us. Our education system and universities have this responsibility to carry the country forward on the path shown by Babasaheb Ambedkar. And when it is the issue of common goals and shared efforts as a nation, collective efforts become the means of accomplishment.

Therefore, I think the role of Association of Indian Universities becomes very important. AIU also has the legacy of scholars like Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ji, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Smt. Hansa Mehta and Dr. Zakir Hussain.

Dr. Radhakrishnan ji would say: “The end-product of education should be a free creative man, who can battle against historical circumstances and adversities of nature”.

It implies that education should be such which should liberate the person, so that he can think openly, and make something new with a new thinking. He believed that we should develop our education management as a unit of the entire world. But at the same time, he emphasized the Indian character of education. This becomes even more important in the global scenario today.

Here special issues were released on the new 'National Education Policy' and plan for its implementation. These issues are detailed documents how National Education Policy is a futuristic policy, a policy of global parameters. You all scholars are familiar with the nuances of the National Education Policy. The purpose of education that Dr. Radhakrishnan ji spoke about is reflected in the core of this policy.

I am told that this time the theme of the seminar is - 'Implementing National Educational Policy-2020 to Transforming Higher Education in India'. All of you deserve congratulations for this.

I have been constantly discussing NEP with experts. National Education Policy is as practical as its implementation.


You have dedicated your entire life to education. You all know very well that every student has his own capability and capacity. Based on these capabilities, students and teachers also have three questions.

First: What can they do?

Second: What is their potential if they are properly taught?

And, third, what they want to do?

What a student can do is his inner strength. But if we add institutional strength to his inner strength, his development becomes expansive. With this combination, our youth can do what they want to do. Therefore, the country’s special emphasis is on skill development. As the country is moving ahead with the mission of the AatmaNirbhar Bharat, the role and demand of skilled youths is also increasing.


In view of the strength of skills, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee had placed greater emphasis on the collaboration of educational institutions and industries decades ago. Today, the country has immense opportunities, and there are new industries of modern times. India is being looked upon as a future centre of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, 3D printing, Virtual Reality, Robotics, mobile technology, geo-informatics, smart healthcare and defence sector. The country is taking huge steps to meet these requirements.

Indian Institutes of Skills are being set up in three big metropolitans of the country. The first batch of the Indian Institute of Skills has already started in Mumbai a few months ago in December. The Future Skills Initiative was launched with NASSCOM in 2018. This initiative offers training in more than 150 skill sets in 10 emerging technologies.


The new National Policy on Education also provides for NETF which emphasizes the maximum use of technology in education. We want all universities to be multi-disciplinary. We want to give flexibility to students so that they can complete courses anywhere easily through the easy entry-exit and Academic Bank of Credit. Every university in the country will have to work together to achieve all these goals. All the Vice Chancellors have to pay special attention to this.

A huge skill pool will be created in our universities for the new possibilities that we can create in the country. All of you are requested to work in this direction more expeditiously and the work should be completed within a stipulated time.


The country is rapidly transforming the lives of the poor, Dalits, the victims, the exploited and the deprived following the footsteps of Babasaheb Ambedkar. Babasaheb talked about equal opportunities and equal rights. Today, schemes like Jan Dhan accounts are leading to financial inclusion of every person and through DBT money is reaching directly to their accounts.  The BHIM UPI that was launched for the digital economy has become a great strength for the poor today. Today, every poor person is getting a house and free electricity connection. Similarly, work is in the progress to provide clean water to villages under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

When there was a corona crisis, the country stood up for the poor and the labourers. There is no discrimination among the poor and the rich in the world's largest vaccination program. This is the path shown by Babasaheb and these are his ideals.


Babasaheb always emphasized on women empowerment and made many efforts in this direction. It is with this vision that the country is giving new opportunities to its daughters today. From toilets at home and schools to combat roles in the army, women are at the centre of every policy of the country today.

Similarly, the country is working to spread Babasaheb's message to the people. The places associated with Babasaheb are being developed as Panch Teerth.

A few years ago, I had the opportunity to dedicate the Dr. Ambedkar International Centre. Today, this Centre is emerging as a centre of research on social and economic issues and on Babasaheb's life.


Today, we are close to 75 years of independence, and we have goals for the next 25 years. The country’s future, the future goals and successes of the country are linked to our youth. It is our youth who will fulfill these resolutions. We have to give opportunities to the youth of the country to the best of their ability.

I am confident that our collective resolve and conscious efforts of the education world will realise this dream of a New India.

Our efforts and the hard work will be our tribute to Babasaheb.

With these good wishes, I once again thank you all very much. I wish you all the very best on Navratri. I also extend my special greetings on the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Many thanks.