Today, I have especially come here to congratulate Vinay Ji. I am fortunate to have the opportunity of working with him for many years and have been one of the forty thousand party workers trained by him, so in a way he is a mentor to me. Research of an academician and research of an activist are poles apart. Academicians draw inferences and conclusions through their intellectual capacity and experience, discussions and their wisdom while an activist polishes his intellectual property with his acumen, and then when he comes to an inference, its vigor is completely different. Putting it in simpler words, I would say that the difference in research of an academician and an activist is similar to the difference between the food lovingly served by a mother to his son, and the food served in a five star hotel. Vinay Ji has bestowed us with such accolade.
Friends, this subject is also similar. Democracy is admired by all, but most of us do not try to explore the depth and details of it. I am not aware if this aspect has been covered in the book or not, but the spirit of democracy in our country has not bloomed the way it should have. There is an inertness, and why is it there? Political leaders and parties have cultivated a mindset that portrays democracy as a contractual agreement for five years to a political party against votes, stating their demands and needs for next five years. If you will not be able to fulfill the agreement properly, we will get someone else in power..! Friends, democracy is not just a system of giving contracts, it is an exemplary channel to collectively accomplish the hopes and desires of our nation, an excellent way to fulfill the needs and wishes of people of the country.Once, I visited China for a seminar, and in China if you talk too much about democracy, a discomfort creeps in there. There I was asked, that Modi Ji, What do you think is the biggest strength of democracy? Now, all of a sudden I was asked such a question, and that too in China, A very simple and casual answer came across my mind. I said that the biggest strength of democracy is that it grants us with maximum opportunities to correct the wrongs that have happened. You administered power to someone and felt that it was a mistake, you will get the chance to reconsider your decision and correct your mistakes in five years. This itself is a humongous strength of democracy, and the same gives us the opportunity to grow ahead.
Friends, numerous anniversaries and commemorations are observed in our country. Some of them are even celebrated for days. Entire families, family trees and what not are described. Some episodes are recapitulated time and again. I was aghast when 26 June passed, the same 26th June when the democracy of India was brutally slaughtered. The free media that we boast so much about was subjugated; the rights of individuals were crushed. Our highly cherished media collapsed completely. I was expecting some former legends to be interviewed on 25th and 26th of June, to discuss the reasons, effects, pros and cons of that horrendous time, but I was bewildered. Friends, if we need to commemorate one day in this nation, then 26th June, the day when our rights were manhandled, the day when soul of our nation was remorselessly crushed, and in that sense, 26th June is as important as 26th January is. Friends, we believe in ‘Rastrayam Jagrayam Vayam’, there are such subjects that need our constant vigil, and this book has become a commendable medium for this purpose. In English, there is a saying ‘Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty’..!And these are the incidences that increase our reverence towards democracy. They remind us of what happens when we are deprived of our basic rights, what happens when democracy stops existing. Friends, anyone else does it or not, but those of us who believe in democracy, those of us who idolize democracy and those of us who love democracy, it is our utmost duty to keep this alive and conscious every moment, and keep trying continuously. Vinay Ji’s efforts have been giving good prospects, and thus I take this opportunity to compliment and congratulate him.
Friends, today when I stand here in the land of Maharashtra, reconciling the great mantra given by Lokmanya Tilak which empowered this entire nation is obvious. Lokmanya Tilak said ‘Swaraj (self-rule) is my birth right’. Friends, how many sacrifices were made for independence, what not was faced by people? Even the relevance of freedom was questioned. But, still people endured all the sufferings and the mantra of Lokmanya Tilak ‘Swaraj (self-rule) is my birthright’ is still echoed. Friends, it has been years since we got independence. Jillions lost their lives for self-governance and we got it. But did we get good governance? If with the dream of freedom, the dream of governance was also inculcated, then the countries that got independence after us, would not have gone ahead of us..! The country of 120 crores would have been placed at the top of world, but we missed that opportunity. Today we should take inspiration from Shri Lokmanya Tilak and pledge. If he then said that ‘Self Governance is my birthright’, today, we the 120 crore people should unitedly exclaim, ‘Good Governance is our birthright’..! We need to ignite this spirit.
Some of us think and some people I meet they say that, what can be done, our democratic system is such..! Friends, it is not so. There is no rationale to blame the democracy. Same law, same system, same rules, same employees, same files, same offices… Still the country can progress, it is my belief..! With my Gujarat experience I can say that, this atmosphere of hopelessness and despair that it is our karma that we are born in this nation, is not right. Friends I am not a pessimistic man. This is a bountiful land, a nation with caliber. If even after slavery of 1200 years it bounced back, it has some strength which we need to realize..!
Friends, when we talk of good governance, first of all we need to consciously decide that what do we think Government is, and what do the people in Government think they are..! The entire disorder creeps in there itself..! Friends, in democracy, the people in governing system are not the rulers, this is the first condition of democracy. They are the servants, this basic thing they need to understand. And Friends, we the people need to start looking at the people in governance as servitors and not as rulers and the people in governance also portray themselves as servants. This is the first condition of democracy which has been ignored..! Is Government all about thrashing around, or collecting tax from people is the only objective? Is it the system of governance? If this viewpoint persists friends, we have not understood the real meaning of democracy, then whether is the governing class or the common man who votes to elect this ruling class. What actually is the difference between the British governance and our very own governance that came in after we got freedom? We need to understand this fundamental difference. What was the ultimate objective of the Britishers when they were in power? Their ultimate objective was to rule this land for eternity. There should be such atmosphere that there is no unrest in the country and they continue getting stronger. With the advent of democracy and independence, the role of Government is not to strengthen the ruling class, its role is to strengthen the people, to strengthen the social systems..! British might had those motives, but for us strengthening the people’s power should be the integral principle.
Friends, there are two words in our culture, and we have forgotten the meanings of these words..! Sometimes when we ask people, what are they doing? They respond they are in job. Friends, the word job was never used in Government. When someone is associated with any private organization, he is supposed to be in job, because he is working for the growth, development and profit of the company. But those who worked in Government sector, the word for them was, Service..! Well, this is the basic concept. We also sometimes talk like this, but if we compare, we will know that the difference is huge. Those working in Government are in service, are servants. While those working in corporate are in job, no matter how much they are earning. Friends, there is a great difference between job and service, this basic feeling is understood when we become capable of digesting the imagination of democracy in every form..!
Friends, who the Government is for, ultimately who is it for…? If, God forbid but Mukesh Ambani falls ill, does he need Government..? Best doctors of the country rather world will be available in moments. But when a poor man falls ill, he needs Government. Government is the hope of the poor, their desire, their wish. It is essential that this becomes the basic element of the Government. Something that was said by Mahatma Gandhi is a food for thought. He said that if you are in Government and you are in a dilemma, need to understand what is wrong and right, then try to visualize a poor man and while taking the decision think that whether this decision will bring a smile on his face, and if you think yes, your decision is going to be right..! This is the basic need of this system that we call Government, so it should be done.
Friends, what is the condition of our country..! When there is no hope from anywhere, when all the resources and trust have been taken away, there should be one such place that can be relied upon. When he sleeps at night, he should have a belief that he needs not worry, Government is there for him. What are the condition today friends? Can we rely on Government? Even after 60-70 years of independence? You must have observed, many a times we send SMS and then call to confirm that if the message was delivered..! Friends, today we do not trust completely. There was a time when the entire locality used to eagerly wait for the postman with the posts to arrive. Arrival of posts was a matter of celebration. But, today, do we even feel like going to a post office, or can we even dare to? There is always a doubt that even the post will be delivered or not..? So, what do we do? We use courier services.Friends, the blooming of courier services may be termed as efficacy by many, but it is also a reflection of lack of trust towards an entire system..! Our trust has been broken.
Take a look at your surroundings friends, think of the not so well off people whom you know. Sometime when you are free ask your driver about education of his children. You will find many a drivers who have taken loans to send their children to good schools. Ask them, why don’t they get their kids admitted to Government schools instead of taking heavy loans, their answer will be that they do not want to spoil their kid’s life. I am giving very small examples but they need to be taken very seriously. There are Government schools, budget, teachers, everything… but trust of the people is not there. They are scared, that their child might get spoiled, and of course they will not send their children to school for getting spoiled. Then he will be worried, that he has sent the kid to a private school taking loan, what if he gets spoiled..?
Friends this problem, this mindset itself raises a question mark on what kind of governance and Government do we have? Friends once I joked about a postal stamp launched by Indian Government with Krishna and Arjun on the chariot imprinted on it, and with a very famous shloka ‘Karmanye Vadhikaraste’. When it was launched I was in the audience and was quite young, so went to the event to just see the launching. But later, I found humour in it, I said that sometimes even the Government speaks the truth..! People asked how? I said that the stamp says do your karma and do not think about the results. So, stick the stamp on the letter and post it and then do not worry if it would be delivered or not. Friends, what is the condition today…? People here who are of my age; did you ever a read a board exclaiming ‘Shuddh Ghee ki Dukan’ (Pure Ghee Shop) 40 years ago? I didn’t. Today, the shopkeeper needs to proclaim this. What kind of deterioration is it? There is law, there is system and no one is allowed to sell impure goods, but they still need to say ‘Shuddh Ghee ki Dukaan’..! These are the things that make us rethink.
Well, what kind of nature do we have? Where do we stand in democracy..! When I stand here and criticize the Government, you applaud with all enthusiasm. Now let me talk a bit about you. I talked about myself quite a lot. You won’t get offended I suppose. Please do not get angry, I have lots of work to do still. You might have an age old scooter that is completely out of order. Every part of the vehicle will announce your presence on the road except the horn. Tires would be completely bald, but still working. But, when you take it out on the road you clean every part of it with all your enthusiasm? Don’t you? 25 years old scooter, every part counting its last breath, but still it is yours. But when you sit in a Government bus, though brand new it’s but Government, not yours..! Friends, we need to end this discrimination. That bus is also yours, you are the Government..!
What else is the reason for this lack of the spirit of democracy? What I am going to say, no one here can deny it. I am the best foreseer. What I am going to describe, all present here must have done this holy act. You would have boarded a Government bus for a journey of 2-3 hours, with no company. Then you got tired of looking outside the window. Then, what next to do, start scratching the seat with your fingernail and made a hole of almost 2-3 inches. So, didn’t I predict right..? Because, the scooter is yours and the bus is of Government. Till the day we stop this inequity, good governance can’t exist. It is of every one of us..! The day we start having this feeling of ownership, our democracy will become strong enough that our governance becomes flawless..! We need this change, and we have to bring it about..!
What is it like when there is no trust on the Government..? Who will trust such a Government..! You might remember, four ministers went to the airport to receive Baba Ramdev. How confident he would have been..! And next day he was abducted by the police force. You think of it, when did chit fund start..? We lost our trust in banks. Felt as if, the return that should be earned is not being delivered by the bank. The doubt crept in, and what was the result? Let’s do one thing, lets invest in chit fund, our neighbor’s son is an agent even. We will earn something more and this is how we get trapped. When such systems evolve, it is because of those not trusted systems. When you go for a surgery now, you confirm that if there is a generator or not, otherwise there could be a power cut during the operation..! Friends, if this is how the governance is, then I don’t think that our dream of good governance will ever come true..!
Friends, we also need to analyze the mindset of the Government..! Those in the governing bodies, do they trust the citizens of the nation? I am going to string a chord that needs serious attention. If people in the Government do not have trust on the countrymen, this business can’t flourish. And today, the condition is such that everyone in the governance system, whether it is the ruler or administrator, the uninterrupted trust that they need on people of the country, is missing. Take any income tax official. They consider every businessman to be a crook. Am I right or wrong? Why is there this distrust..? If someone commits a crime, he should be penalized. But if you treat every person as a burglar, then this distrust won’t let anyone grow and progress. I am putting ahead very small cases, but the relation of trust that should exist amongst the rulers, administrators and citizens of the nation, could not be evolved in last 60 years..! They consider every person as a law breaker. You must have seen people who for no reasons blow sticks on scooters parked in the parking lots. Haven’t you? I often get started thinking that why do they do so..! Because, they think that the power that they have should be visible to everyone. Friends, the first term of good governance is having trust and reliance on the people. Second, what should be the feelings of people who are in the role of leaders and administrators? Mahatma Gandhi used to talk about the principle of trusteeship. I believe that the role of the rulers should also be full of this ideal. He should feel that I am here as a trustee and it is my responsibility to take care and embellish the undertaking that I am responsible of. I should make it grow by devoting all my strength and capacity that I have. I am not the owner and thus I have no right to destroy or harm this property. If we will not have this feeling then without the coordination of trust and trusteeship, we can’t make democracy effective..! To make our democracy an effective one, we need to think about it…!
Second thing, democracy demands that individual based governing systems should not be developed. The resultant of our 60 years old governance system is that we have made person based. If a family is moved even a bit, the nation will collapse. Is this nation of 120 crores like this? If you will not be there, nothing else will, is it so..? Democracy comes with a condition that all the ideas should be institutionalized; all your good practices should be institutionalized. A network of institutions should be built. Whether you are there or not, Government stays or changes, you are elected or someone else... but stronger is the institutional network, institutional framework and institutional mechanism, better will be the governance system.
Friends, there are chances of individual failures, individual deterioration, but this institutionalized system prepares a base to prevent this failure, this deterioration. You tell me, why you put locks in your safes, where you keep money? Is it not possible for a burglar to break the safe.. He can even take the entire safe if he wants..! But still you lock your safes, why? You do not lock your vaults to protect burglary, but you lock it so that your kids do not develop wrong habits. To prevent your kids getting spoilt, you have constructed a mechanism in your home, you have developed a system so that you can develop a good values in your children. Just by chance, the kids should not develop habit of picking money… This is what we try to prevent ourselves from… The burglar is capable enough to wipe of your vault itself. And this is why I believe that, the more we strengthen our institutions, more the spirit of democracy will be reflected in our governance. But look at our unfortunate experience of 60 years, what have we done...! The ruling regime sitting in Delhi, they have destroyed the institutions, devalued them at the first chance possible..!
Now, let us have a look. At the time of Pandit Nehru, an institution called Planning Commission was framed, its sanctity was developed. Planning Commission tried working continuously with all the states, and act as a bridge between the state and the center. But those who did not believe in democracy, what they did..? They drained it down and created NAC in the name of an advisory committee and all the financial decisions, they were now to be made by the five star, so called activist NGOs. And then one Prime Minister started advising the official Prime Minister, what to be done and how to be done..! Sorry for the interruption, it reached quite late..! Well, you tell me, Such a strong institution developed in 60 years, Planning Commission was turned into trash and created NAC..! Now have a look at Section 356, a section constituted to protect the federal structure of this nation and moves forward in a specific direction, was used several times to demolish the State Governments..!
CBI..! I am amazed, how the CBI can be misused by these people..! If it did not happen with me, I would not even have known that how it is being misused...! There is no concern, no sense of fear and the ruling regime in Delhi who can’t even handle the victory and defeat through the democratic process, are today overruling the political powers of this country through CBI..! Quite possible that CBI is creating problems for a few people, but by misusing it, you are damaging the democratic fabric of the nation, and our friends from Congress do not understand this. They have their personal motives..! What happened in last few days? CBI and IB came against each other. CBI is probing IB about its informers, and they say that they can’t disclose it. In which country of the world it happen friends? Demolishing these institutions is their only business..! How do these people work..? I can reconcile, when I organized Gujarat Global Investors summit, people came there to invest. But because they do not like the Gujarat Government, what did they do? Those who came to invest in our Vibrant Gujarat Summit, income tax notices were sent to them by the Central Govt. Can you even believe that these people, they today are bawling about FDI and lack of investments, slowdown and slump in manufacturing..! If you continue misusing the institutions this way, continue demolishing them, I do not believe that the country can ever grow..!
You people must remember an old incident. Since quite some discussions have happened here about election commission, so I will like to mention it here. Indian Election Commission in year 1983 said that the situation in Assam is not appropriate for elections. But, Indira Gandhi did not follow these instructions of election commission, and imposed elections on Assam to take advantage of election politics, and as a result Nellie massacre, the most brutal massacre of free India did happen. Why..? Just because you did not respect the institution..! You did not understand the importance of the institution. Because one institution asks you to do so, you went into a clash with another institution and just because of that friends, what a huge blow did we get..! Friends, Indian constitution follows federal structure. Here there is no nepotism. All states drive the nation together, to create a better governance system. But today, the Central Government clashes more with its averse states then it does with Pakistan. How can a country operate like this..? If you will not respect the federal structure with spirit and zeal, the unity and integrity of this nation will be endangered. So Friends, when we talk about the governance and democracy, it is my clear view that we should also understand the importance of these things.
There is one more thing, Friends. When some good work is done, the officials say that they are working in very favorable conditions, there is no political interference. So, is it us, who is creating all the troubles. Meet any officer; they will say that they are working properly because there is no political interference. Friends, we need to very deeply understand this. We are in a democratic setup. We have accepted the political system, the elected body. If that becomes interference to us, then we have not understood the basic concept of democracy. That is why, I always say that the people in governance are responsible to make the policies and the people in administration are responsible for their implementation. But this matter, this dispute about political interference, even the political leaders and bureaucrats need to understand it in the real sense. My viewpoint is, political interference is not needed, but political intervention is surely required..! Today Delhi is not growing, why? Clerical work is being done. If there was rock solid political leadership, it would have had the strength, the capability to take decisions. Friends, only formulation of policies is not sufficient and thus we need to understand this threadlike difference. And this is why I say that political interference harms the process of good governance, while political intervention catalyzes the process and encourages people participation.
Friends, it is essential to nurture the culture of political intervention for good governance. And, the more political intervention grows in place of political interference, more will grow the people’s and societal trust, the principle of trusteeship will be followed, the decisions will be implemented, and even the last man of the society will get his deserved benefits. There is another thing; people say that bureaucracy does not work. I believe that small works might not get done, I will not deny that. But, if the leadership has a vision and has a political will, then it decides the path and I tell you with my experience that no bureaucrat can block your way. His capacities may be more or less, but if you have quality leadership, perfect strategy and your work is time bound then let me tell you that you will definitely produce results. So, saying that bureaucracy does not work, Government employees do not work can be an excuse for meager jobs but for overall development, as leadership thrives at every level, it becomes an asset for good governance. So, leadership quality and institutionalization both play equally essential role in growth of the country..!
Sometimes what happens, a drift is created between the Government and people. Bridging this gap unleashes unbelievable results because good governance needs closeness with the public and involvement of public in the decision making process. If we stay away from the public, surrounded by five star activists, scared of media trials, then we can never yield outputs. But if we develop a well planned mechanism by increasing public participation by informing them, consulting them, taking their consent and then deciding, the decision thus taken will definitely produce good results..!
Friends, another thing, Government believes that will roll the dices themselves. But, the importance that public participation has in democracy, you need it every moment. We all see that our Government has this trait that when it takes a decision it is kept highly secret. One department does not let the other department know. Sometimes even a person sitting in one chamber does not let know the other person in the same chamber, as if he would make some miracle happen, and he is endangered by all sides. In Gujarat, we made everything public. We said open all the doors and there should be no secrecy. What else have we done..? Like if we are going to bring a policy, earlier it used to be a secret. But We, We started keeping the policy draft online and asked people to add whatever they want, deduct what they do not like and modify the parts that they think need modifications. Suggestions started coming. Government employees produce their best, but when people get associated, interested groups get associated, cross section of society get associated, the derived result produced is filtered from many flaws that earlier existed, there are new incorporations and the policy becomes comprehensive, widely accepted and its implementation does not require much efforts. So friends, the more open we are with people, better it is for us.
Another thing I would like to talk about is, Public Participation..! See, when we believe in the people, what kind of results do we get? Let me give you an example, In 2001 Gujarat suffered an earthquake. We had to reconstruct the entire land, and first time in the history of India, a new Gujarat model came into existence. What did we do in this model? We believed in public. We decided to construct schools in villages, so we formed school committees in the village constituting their very own people, and informed them how the school should be build. Informed them that what they should continue using from the former school and what new should they add. Created material banks, and trained youth from those villages, and for their supervision created a Government system and brought engineering students, requesting them to supervise these people and we informed the public about it all. I will tell you what my experience was.
The schools were completed well before time. If we thought of a three room structure, four rooms were constructed and quality, no one can even say that it was a Government endeavor. Exquisite construction was done, and not only this..! Those people who themselves were suffering, whose own houses were destroyed by the earthquake, they deposited the remaining funds in the Government account. Let us salute our public friends, Let us salute them. If we trust them in democracy, what results do they produce, it is just an example of it. Friends, many NGOs, many five star activists, good NGOs, dedicated NGOs all came to us to work with us. They wanted to reconstruct the houses of people. They asked for Government funds for that. What did our Government do? We asked them to believe in public, and said that trust them and they will give you quality outputs. They did not trust the public. Government did and the result was that thousands of houses were constructed before time and the pace of work shot like a star..!
We were awarded by United Nations a few days back. Why were we awarded? Friends, we trusted our public. It was for the water distribution system that we have. We made water distribution committees in every village constituting women of that village. We decided that these committees won’t have any male members, as the value of water can be well understood only by women, because it was them who have carried water in earthen pots for miles. So we made women committees in Gujarat for water distribution, by the name WASMO and our female associates they look after the supply of water in the state. They collect the water tax, and if there is any technical fault, they handle it. Friends, there supply is so perfect and well managed that UN had to felicitate them. Government, all it did was giving them hope and belief.
Friends, public participation is miraculous, it produces delightful results. How powerful the public participation is..! I have taken responsibility of one task on my own self willingly, that is girls’ education. I run the Government with all my heart and soul, but I pay extra attention to this one task. Every year I go the villages of Gujarat on 13-14-15 of June in temperature of around 40-45 degrees. I visit village houses and take the girls to schools. Friends when some minister, Chief Minister, they visit some village, the villagers come together and prepare a memorandum for them stating what do they want..! But Friends, you might not believe this, I have been visiting these villages, these events for 12 years as CM, and when I go there, I am not handed over any memorandum, but cheques. You must be surprised. When Government goes for tax collection, people do not pay even their taxes, but I am one person, whom people give cheques to..! Modi Ji, you have come, I will like to contribute this much for girls education. This time when I was on one such visits on 13-14-15 June, a gentleman came to me and handed 51,000 Rs. to me. I thought he must be some well off man, because 51,000 is not a small amount. So I asked him, what he does. He answered, Sir, I am a bus conductor..! Can anyone imagine friends, what is the strength of public participation..! A bus conductor, when he sees that the entire state is working honestly for the cause of girls’ education, he thinks, let me also contribute 51,000 to the chief minister who has come here. Friends, these are my everyday experiences and they make me believe that the more we work on public participation, this feeling of trust and trusteeship, we will get closer to good governance..!
Friends, sometimes I think why Mahatma Gandhi used to talk about Ram Rajya, he never witnessed it..! But, these keepers of secularism in our country have many problems. They listen, think and understand only what they want to..! Once, a mahatma, a maulvi and a wrestler were travelling in a train. They started talking and Mahatma Ji said that in this sound of the train, I can listen to God’s name… Maulvi Ji asked how so he said, I can hear chants of ‘Ram Nam Satya Hai’ in it. Maulvi Ji tried listening to the sound more attentively, and he said that I can hear this sound saying ‘Ya Allah Wah teri Kudrat’ again and again. So the wrestler who was sitting there and listening to them said that even I can hear something..! Both Maulvi and Mahtma asked him what could he listen. He replied that this sound says ‘Kar Kasrat Kha Rabdi’ and not anything else. It is similar with us my friends, same sound, same source, all that changes is the receiving center, i.e. our mind.
So whatever I am saying, my so called secularist friends will hear it the way they have been habituated to. Mahtma Gandhi said Ram Rajya, today they call it Ram ka Rajya..! When we talk of good governance, I will request everyone to pay attention on the fabric of Ram Rajya and analyze it. How this thought did struck Gandhi Ji..! Today, if you talk about it and secularism gets endangered..! Let us see what Ram Rajya according to Ramayana is and what kind of governance is described in it. Ramayana says “Ram Raj Baithe Triloka, Harshit Bhaye Gaye Sab Soka; Bayaru Na Kar Kaahu San Koi, Ram Pratap Vishamta Khoi..!!”. Friends, today we say that there should be no discrimination among people. What is the meaning of this chaupai? It talks about such governance that has no inequality, ups and lows, difference among rich and poor. Now tell me, should it be implemented or not..? If this happens, is it communal to call it Ram Rajya..? Not only this, there is another very interesting saying in Ramyana. Today malnutrition is a great subject of discussion na. Ramyana says “Daihik Daivik Bhautik Taapa, Raam Raj Nahi Kahuhi Byapa; Sab Nar Karahi Paraspar Preeti, Chalahi Swadharm Nirat Shruti Neeti..!!”
In governance there should be such structure that there is environment of mutual trust and love among people. There should be no jealousy and malice in them for each other. It further says “Chalahi swadharm nirat shruti neeti”. Everyone should fulfill their dharma, their responsibility. Fulfill your dharma as a teacher, as a mother, as father, as a riksha puller. Be true to your duty, and if you do so, you will get ultimate happiness, this is what Ram Rajya says. Ram Rajya also talks about maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate. Why did Mahatma Gandhi like Ram Rajya. Today we talk about maternal mortality rate. Ramayan said “Alpamrityu Nahi Kavniyu Peera, Sab Sundar Sab Biruj Shareera..!! “Apmrityu nahi kavniyu peera”, the governance should take care of the health of mothers and children and the societal system should be recuperative. “Sab sundar sab Viruj Shareera”, everyone should be healthy and strong, physically fit and fine. Governance should be such that strives towards this kind of societal state.
What does Ram Rajya describes about education? I am talking only about human development index and nothing else, the same HDI that the western world keeps talking about. Ram Rajya says “Sab Pandit Gunagya Sab Gyani..!”. Today, we talk only about basic education so that people can write and read, but Ram Rajya emphasizes on education to the extent that, it says that every person should be educated enough to be a pundit. Every person then whether it is a man or a woman. Education is everyone’s right. The so much talked about Human Development Index of this era, the basic concepts of it were described so well by Tulsidas in the hypothesis of Ram Rajya at that time..! And this is I think where Gandhi Ji found of this concept and this was the reason why he must have said it..!
Friends, there are a few things that need to be reformed in our present governance style, and today I want to appeal for these reforms. How is today’s governance structure..? Today’s Governmental system is such that if you do something and make a mistake, you will be accountable for that. But if you don’t do anything and there is no fault to look at, no enquiries at all. Let us have a look at what are the hurdles in the way of good governance and what all needs to be reformed. There is one thing I would say that in Government today, there is only accountability of commission and no accountability of omission. We will have to change this..! Not only this my friends, today all that Government does is, constitutes acts. I say, we do not need your ACTS but ACTIONS..! Friends, how is the Government that we see today? UPA Government is a legalistic Government. It assumes that they formed the law and the world has changed. They formulated ‘Sarva Shiksha ’law, so did everyone get educated. No, it is not so..! As a result of this attitude and temperament of Delhi Government, the legalistic UPA Government has reduced itself to a lethargic Government..! All the delivery systems have turned lethargic, and there is no responsibility at all..! This is the biggest problem today..! In the same way Friends, how do we judge the Government and decide what they did was right or wrong..? Procedures are analyzed… Tender Check! Advertisement Check! Tender submission Check! Lowest Bid Check! Contract given Check! Ok, the Government is right.
Friends, I propose that we must shift our focus from procedural audit to performance audit..! We are only concentrating on procedures. Fine, you called for tenders, all okay. But, is the bridge constructed the way it should have been constructed. Procedural audits are not sufficient; they need to be extended to performance audits. I believe that the performance audits will change the scenario. In the same way, how does the Government works..? We spent this budget, we spent that budget..! We need to change this elemental idea itself. Emphasis needs to be shifted on outcome instead of output and outlay. What you spent, is not what is important. You opened schools, hired teachers, arranged material..! Okay, but what is the meaning if the kid has not learned reading and writing. Outcome is if the kid got educated, outlay is your room, teachers’ budget etc. And this is why I think that if we do not move towards elemental change then we can’t build the tomorrow that we want to build.
Friends, we need to understand what Chanakya long back has said. Chanakya says, and I believe that this will give us complete understanding of where does prosperity come from..? Chanakya said, “Sukhasya Moolam Dharmaha, Dharmasya Moolam Artha, Arthasya Moolam Raajyam..!” This means that prosperity originates from the Rajya, the good governance. He has further stated, “Rajya Moolam Idriyajaya, Indriyajayasya Moolam Vinay..!” Today is Vinay’s programme na…! So Friends, Chanakya has also said this and what our forefathers visualized is beyond limit of words..!
Marks came, he talked about wither away state. Marks described it very late, but our ancestors said in the vaidik kaal that humans can turn into superhumans..! Might be they didn’t succeed, but the concept was not wrong. Marks also talked about wither away state..! The form of imagination might have been different, but our ancestors also stated that to what heights can good governance grow? It was defined by our forefathers in the vaidic yuga as “Na Tatra Raaja Rajendra, Na Dando Na Indikah, Swadharma Nev Dhamakate Rakshati Parasparam..!” which means that such a society can be created where no state will be needed, no penalization will be required, everything can be administered peacefully. The country that could visualize such great heights of societal systems, in that very same country, today we have to cry out for our birthright of good governance. With this mantra, we would move ahead..!
Friends, I have full faith that the heights of growth that our country wants to fly across, the good governance that we countrymen are crying for, that can be achieved, and it is possible..! I have talked in detail to you only about the possibilities that are there. I am highly grateful to this audience that listened to me patiently for all this time and I hope, I did justice to the purpose with which Vinay Ji invited me here.
Thank you very much..!