Protecting Ocean's Gentle Giants

Published By : Admin | July 20, 2012 | 16:51 IST

 by Nitasha Nair

Somewhere in the middle of the ocean, a fishing trawler suddenly erupts with shouts about a big catch. A hurried phone call to the forest department soon follows and a rescue team comprising forest officials rush to the spot. Everyone laboriously tries to free the mammoth fish trapped in a fisherman's net, and the early morning drama ends with whoops of joy as the rescue team watches the Whale Shark swim away into the vast expanse of the sea unharmed.

This incident illustrates one of many whale shark rescues carried out on the western coast of India. Whale sharks once brutally hunted across the shores of Gujarat, now are revered and protected by the local community and fishermen. The credit for this sea change in the attitude goes to the whale shark conservation campaign. This widely acclaimed campaign spread awareness about the plight of the species and its protected status in Gujarat and helped convert fishermen into guardians of the fish.

Due to the high value of its meat, hunting of the whale shark was an important fishing activity in the Saurashtra coast and hundreds were killed annually. The demand was high not only for the fish meat but also for the valuable oil extracted from its fins and liver which was used for waterproofing boats. However, the scenario improved in 2001, when Whale Shark became the first fish species to be listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, classifying it as a species that has to be accorded the highest level of protection in the country. But simply listing the whale shark in the protection act was not enough to bring changes on the ground as fishermen stood to lose substantial sum of money, with one whale shark sometimes fetching over 1 lakh.

The solution came in the form of a collaborative effort taken by the Gujarat Forest Department, Wildlife Trust of India, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Tata Chemical ltd, local NGOs and individual nature lovers, leading to a campaign to protect whale sharks in the state.

The campaign not only generated awareness about the ban on killing whale sharks but also stood out due to its emotional appeal to the fishing community. The whale sharks were compared to daughters returning home to give birth, a strategy which worked effectively. In addition, the forest department enlisted the assistance of a spiritual leader to spread the message to local communities. The campaign convinced the fishermen that it is their duty to take care of the whale shark as their own daughters. The government also provided fishermen upto 25,000 as compensation for losses incurred due to nets getting damaged during rescue. The response to the campaign was overwhelming and the hunters soon became protectors.

The success of the campaign is reflected in numbers, till June 2012, about 286 Whale Sharks have been successfully rescued and total compensation of about 48 lakhs has been paid to fishermen. Due to the campaign, today the Whale Shark is a loved entity and people call it Vhali- the dear one.

Every year, a day is dedicated to the Whale Shark. 'Save the Whale Shark' festival is also organised to spread awareness amongst people, especially the fishing community. Many innovative steps have been taken to endear “Vhali” to the local community. The initiatives include launch of a special Whale Shark cover from the postal department of Gujarat in 2005, adoption of the Whale Shark as the official mascot by seven towns in Gujarat, Mangrol being the last to join the list. Lauding the project, H.S Singh, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Social Forestry), Gujarat says “This is an instance of a unique effort where conservation is taken from land to deep sea water. What makes it successful is the total change in attitude of the coastal community, where they have started considering the whale shark as their own. Such a transformation is unheard of in other countries.”

The forest department has not restricted itself to mere conservation efforts. Research on Whale Sharks is also an agenda among their initiatives. Aradhana Sahu, District Conservator of Forests, Junagarh, elaborates “Very little scientific knowledge is available currently on whale sharks in India. We are trying to understand their migration patterns, population, ecology and other behaviour which will help us in long term conservation of the species.”

With a slew of projects under pipeline like satellite tagging, photo identification, genetic analysis and Whale Shark tourism, the future looks secure for the Whale Shark.



Whale shark Fun facts

Whale sharks are the biggest fish in the ocean with an adult fish reaching lengths of around 12 metres or 40 feet. The sheer size of the whale shark has broken many records, including one of being the largest living non-mammalian vertebrate, beating many of the largest dinosaurs in weight. But despite its gigantic size, whale sharks are oceans gentle giants, who are filter feeders, with a diet primarily consisting of plankton, algae, krill and small sea creatures.

Preferring tropical and warm oceans, whale sharks live in the open sea with a lifespan of about 70 years. They migrate from the coast of Australia and Mexico to give birth in the warmth of the Arabian Sea along the coast of Saurashtra-verval, Dwarka, Diu and Mangrol.


The article is originally published at The GUJARAT, Magazine

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41 workers had been trapped in the Silkyara tunnel for the past 17 days. The rescue operation, involving both advanced machinery and ingenious manual skill, lasted over 400 hours. The remarkable resilience displayed by the trapped workers, the dedicated rescue team, and the overarching administrative efforts collectively exemplify an impressive showcase of grit and perseverance.

This massive operation led by the central and state rescue teams is another example of Modi government’s deep commitment to the principles of federalism. It is also a masterclass in effective and timely mobilisation of resources to address the needs of citizens facing distressing situations.

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However, this is not something that we are seeing for the first time. Operation Ganga, a monumental effort to evacuate over 22,000 Indian students from Ukraine amidst a war, stands as a remarkable achievement. The mission entailed pooling of substantial resources, the provision of humanitarian assistance and the creation of a safe passage for students to return home. Prime Minister Modi was involved in every intricate detail of the operation—right from logistics to the diplomatic reach-out. In addition, to personally coordinate the entire rescue mission, four Union Ministers were dispatched to four neighbouring countries to Ukraine. On the home front, efforts were made to assuage the concerns of every parent, ensuring they were reassured about the swift and secure return of their children.

This is the Modi government’s ‘whole-of-government’ approach, where swift coordination between diverse ministries, government departments and public agencies leads to coherent action giving exceptional results.

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However, the groundwork for Prime Minister Modi's mass mobilization approach was established during the early years of his public service. A striking and pioneering instance of this approach emerged during the Machchhu dam failure, commonly known as the Morbi disaster. It came to known as history’s biggest dam-related disaster unleashing a flood of water through the city of Morbi in 1979, leading to over 25,000 casualties and earning the unfortunate distinction of being the worst dam burst according to the Guinness Book of World Records.

At that time, Narendra Modi, an RSS Karyakarta in Gujarat, undertook extraordinary efforts to assist those affected on the ground. He leveraged the organisational strength of the RSS by mobilising the karyakartas in the time of crisis. He did not stop there. In the demoralizing aftermath, Narendra Modi, in his inimitable style, penned an inspirational letter to motivate the youth in Morbi to rebuild their lives.

The monumental relief efforts in Morbi spanned over a span of over two months, during which Narendra Modi who was an RSS Sangathak in Gujarat, demonstrated exemplary leadership, by personally taking charge and remaining at the forefront until the last bus taking volunteers home departed. Along with RSS volunteers, he assessed the situation and created a detailed plan through which teams were assigned specific tasks to address the different problems arising from the tragedy. Governments can take time before they can choose a course of action. But the 29-year-old worker Narendra Modi, pursued a singular course of action - reaching the people and find ways to alleviate their suffering.

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Another compelling instance of Narendra Modi's commitment to mobilizing every available resource for swift and effective resolution, is the handling of the devastating 2001 earthquake that shook the state of Gujarat. Even before assuming role as Gujarat’s Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, then a BJP karyakarta, immediately rushed to ground zero to aid the affected.

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