S.No Name of Agreement/MoU Indian Signatory Chinese Signatory Remarks
1 Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of External Affairs of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of China on Opening a New Route for Indian Pilgrimage (Kailash Mansarovar Yatra) to the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People`s Republic of China External Affairs Minister

Smt Sushma SwarajForeign Minister

Mr. Wang YiThe MoU provides for conducting the annual Kailash Manasarovar Yatra through Nathula Pass in Sikkim addition to the existing Lipulekh Pass in Uttarakhand. The route through Nathula will augment the capacity and reduce the hardship and journey time enabling many more pilgrims in particular aged pilgrims to undertake the Yatra.2Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Railways of the Government of Republic of India and the Government of People’s Republic of China on strengthening cooperation in RailwaysChairman, Railway Board

Shri Arunendra KumarAdministrator, National Railway Administration

Mr. Lu DongfuUnder the MoU, both sides have agreed to enhance cooperation in the Railway sector in following areas: (i)speed-raising, (ii)studying feasibility of cooperation in High-Speed Railways, (iii)Heavy-Haul transportation training of Indian Railway personnel, (iv)Redevelopment of Railway stations, (v)setting up of a Railway University in India, etc.3Action Plan between Ministry of Railways of the Government of Republic of India and the National Railway Administration of the Government of People’s Republic of China on strengthening cooperation in RailwaysChairman, Railway Board

Shri Arunendra KumarAdministrator, National Railway Administration

Mr. Lu DongfuIt provides specific projects for cooperation in railway sector.4Five year Trade and Economic Development Plan between Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Government of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Commerce of the Government of the People’s Republic of ChinaMinister of State (I/C) for Commerce and Industry

Smt. Nirmala SitharamanMinister of Commerce

Mr. Gao HuchengIt lays down a medium term roadmap for promoting balanced and sustainable development of economic and trade relations between China and India, on the principle of equality and mutual benefit. The main objectives of the plan are : (i) reduction of bilateral trade imbalance; (ii) strengthen investment cooperation to realize US$ 20 billion investment from China in 5 years; (iii) a transparent, stable and investor friendly business environment; and (iv) enhanced cooperation between Chambers of Commerce and financial sectors.5Agreed Minutes of the Tenth Session of India-China Joint Economic GroupMinister of State (I/C) for Commerce and Industry

Smt. Nirmala SitharamanMinister of Commerce

Mr. Gao HuchengThe tenth Session of the India-China Joint Group on Economic Relations, Trade, Science and Technology (JEG) was held in Beijing on 2nd September 2014. Both sides held detailed discussions on issues to promote broad and deep bilateral trade and economic cooperation between India and China and agreed to undertake measures to achieve sustainable and balanced trade. Specific measures to enhance market access to Indian products such as agricultural, pharmaceutical and export of services will be expedited.6Agreement on Audio-Visual Co-production between The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Republic of India and the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television of The People`s Republic of ChinaMinister of State (I/C) for Information and Broadcasting

Shri Prakash JavadekarMinister, State General Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television

Mr. Cai FuchaoThe Agreement would enable the producers from both countries to get an opportunity to pool their creative, artistic, technical, financial and marketing resources to co-produce films. It would held Indian audio-visual products to gain greater market access.7Agreement

between the Government of the Republic of India

and the Government of the People’s Republic of China

On mutual administrative assistance and co-operation in Customs mattersChairperson,Central Board of Excise and Customs,

Smt J.M.Shanti SundharamAmbassador of China to India,

Mr.Le YuchengThe Agreement will help in enhancing cooperation to fight trans-border economic crimes and custom offences through sharing of information. It would also facilitate trade through enhanced customs cooperation.8Memorandum of Understanding between Indian Space Research Organisation and China National Space Administration on Cooperation in the Peaceful use of SpaceChairman, Indian Space Research Organisation,

Dr. K. RadhakrishnanVice Administrator, China National Space Administration,

Ms. Zhang JianhuaThe MoU enables both sides to encourage exchange and cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes, including Research and development of scientific experiment satellites, remote sensing satellites and communications satellites.9Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China on Strengthening the Exchange and Cooperation between Cultural InstitutionsSecretary, Ministry of Culture,

Shri Ravindra SinghAmbassador of China to India,

Mr. Le YuchengThis MOU is intended to foster long-term collaboration between various cultural institutions of the two countries. These cultural institutions include museums, archaeological organizations and performing art centers.10Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation between National Book Trust of the Republic of India and the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television of The People`s Republic of ChinaDirector, National Book Trust

Dr. M. A. SikandarMinister, State General Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television

Mr. Cai FuchaoBoth sides have agreed that China will participate in the New Delhi World Book Fair 2016 as the Guest of Honour Country. The Agreement will help provide greater access to their nationals of publications of the other side.11Work Plan on Drug Administration and Cooperation

Between China Food and Drug Administration of the People’s Republic of China

And Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Republic of IndiaSecretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Shri Lov VermaAmbassador of China to India

Mr. Le YuchengUnder the work plan, the two sides will carry out cooperation in fields of drug standards, traditional medicine and drug testing, etc. Both sides will exchange delegations to enhance cooperation in this area.12Agreement on establishing Sister City relationship between Mumbai and ShanghaiMayor of Mumbai

Smt. Snehal AmbekarExecutive Vice Mayor of Shanghai, Mr. Tu GuangshaoEstablishes Sister-City relations between Mumbai and Shanghai. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.13Agreement on establishing Sister City relationship between Ahmedabad and Guangzhou

(Signed in Gujarat)Municipal Commissioner, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation

Dr. Guruprasad MohapatraMayor of Guangzhou, Mr. Chen JianhuaEstablishes Sister-City relations between Ahmedabad and Guangzhou. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.14Agreement on establishing Sister Province/State relationship between Gujarat and Guangdong

(Signed in Gujarat)Chief Secretary, Government of Gujarat

Dr. Varesh SinhaExecutive Vice Governer of Guangdong Province, Mr. Xu ShaohuaEstablishes Sister-Province/State relations between Gujarat and Guangdong. It will enhance people-to-people exchanges fostering greater mutual understanding.15Memorandum of Understanding between Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation and Beiqi Foton Motor Co.Ltd. on supporting the setting up of industrial parks in Maharashtrahief Executive Officer, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation

Shri Bhushan A. GagraniChief Executive Officer, Beiqi Futon Motor Co.Ltd. Mr.Wang JinyuThe MoU would lead to setting up of a 1250 acre Industrial Park near Pune, Maharashtra, providing cluster-type development and generation of employment for a large number of people.16Memorandum of Understanding between China Development Bank Corporation and iNDEXTb on supporting the setting up of industrial parks in Gujarat

(Signed in Gujarat)Chairman, Industrial Extension Bureau, Gujarat Smt. Mamta VermaVice President,China Development Bank, Mr. Zhao XiaoyuThe MoU would lead to setting up of Industrial Parks in Gujarat with the support of Chinese enterprises and provide a platform for cluster development and generate employment for a large number of people.
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— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 18, 2014

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PM witnesses the historic “Commencement of Core Loading” at India’s first indigenous Fast Breeder Reactor (500 MWe) at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu
March 04, 2024
Upon completion of the core loading, the first approach to criticality will be achieved, leading to generation of power subsequently
In spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat, PFBR is indigenously designed and constructed by BHAVINI with contribution from more than 200 Indian industries including MSMEs
India’s nuclear power program is aimed to meet the twin goals of energy security and sustainable development

In a historic milestone marking entry into the vital second stage of India’s three stage nuclear program, Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi witnessed today, commencement of “Core Loading” at India’s first indigenous Fast Breeder Reactor (500 MWe) at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu.

The Hon’ble Prime Minister took a tour of the Reactor Vault and the Control Room of the Reactor. He was briefed about the salient features of this reactor.

India has developed comprehensive capabilities spanning the entire spectrum of the nuclear fuel cycle. Government had approved in 2003, the creation of Bhartiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd (BHAVINI) to construct and operate India’s most advanced nuclear reactor-Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR).

In line with the true spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat, PFBR has been fully designed and constructed indigenously by BHAVINI with significant contribution from more than 200 Indian industries including MSMEs. Once commissioned, India will only be the second country after Russia to have commercial operating Fast Breeder Reactor.

The Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) will initially use the Uranium-Plutonium Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel. The Uranium-238 “blanket” surrounding the fuel core will undergo nuclear transmutation to produce more fuel, thus earning the name ‘Breeder’. The use of Throium-232, which in itself is not a fissile material, as a blanket is also envisaged in this stage. By transmutation, Thorium will create fissile Uranium-233 which will be used as fuel in the third stage. FBR is thus a stepping stone for the third stage of the program paving the way for the eventual full utilization of India’s abundant thorium reserves.

In terms of safety, the PFBR is an advanced third generation reactor with inherent passive safety features ensuring a prompt and safe shut down of the plant in the event of an emergency. Since it uses the spent fuel from the first stage, FBR also offers great advantage in terms of significant reduction in nuclear waste generated, thereby avoiding the need for large geological disposal facilities.

Upon completion of the core loading, the first approach to criticality will be achieved, leading to generation of power subsequently.

Notably, despite the advanced technology involved, both the capital cost and the per unit electricity cost is comparable to other nuclear and conventional power plants.

The growth of the Indian nuclear power program is imperative to meet the twin goals of energy security and sustainable development. As a responsible nuclear power with advanced technology, India remains committed to expand peaceful applications of nuclear technology, both in power and non-power sector, while ensuring the security of nuclear and radiological materials.