We need Action not Acts

Published By : Admin | May 14, 2014 | 14:31 IST


“The need of the hour is a bureaucratic shift!  Governments boast of giving people the new rights but the Constitution of India has already provided us with many rights. What we need are not more new Acts – we need action”

Narendra Modi

Narendra Modi is well known to be a man of action. He has repeatedly emphasized that decisive action is the need of the hour in our Country to ensure Good Governance. We have seen how over the past decade the Central Government has been merely content with just passing new Acts while being little concerned with whether these Acts had translated into concrete action on the ground.  Legislation is often a lengthy process and by the time a new Act is passed, the ground situation would have most likely changed significantly rendering it ineffective.

But unfortunately the focus of the UPA Government has been on legislating new Acts with scant regard to the ground level realities of India.

Narendra Modi has demonstrated out of the box thinking on various occasions on how tangible benefits may be delivered to the people by taking decisive action.

When Narendra Modi took over as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, he observed that the school dropout rate was very high in Gujarat. He also felt the need to encourage and motivate students and parents with regard to the importance of education. A need was also felt to do a qualitative assessment of the large number of Government run schools. In such a scenario he came out with a multi-pronged effort, which transformed the education sector in Gujarat.

He came up with a novel idea of starting ‘Shala Praveshotsavs’ where all Government functionaries would go to the villages before schools re-open to boost and sustain student enrollment. Inspite of the scorching heat, all Government functionaries visited the remotest of villages and participated in Shala Praveshotsavs to make sure children start school in a festive mood. After analyzing the reasons for high female dropout rates in schools, it was discovered that the lack of toilets for girls was the main cause. Toilets for the girl child were built in schools all over Gujarat.

Narendra Modi also took the very novel step of introducing Quality Assessment in schools. It has been a norm in our country to analyze schools only through the prism of infrastructure i.e. size of classrooms, toilets and drinking water facilities. Narendra Modi went a step ahead and developed a school quality assessment programme called Gunotsav in Gujarat. Such an assessment had been done previously only in business schools in our country!

Narendra Modi, with his out of the box thinking also proved to be a change agent in the field of agriculture. While over 55% of our country’s population is involved in agriculture, growth in this field remains around 3% for the last decade. On the other hand Gujarat, which has never been an agricultural state, has seen a growth of around 11% in the field of agriculture in the last decade. Despite large arid areas and depleting water levels, Gujarat achieved a significant turn-around in agriculture. Again it was Narendra Modi’s innovative steps, which brought about the change.

One of the most important interventions in this regard has been the Agriculture Extension service in the form of ‘Krishi Mahotsavs’. With these Mahotsavs, the Government made sure scientific training and guidance was imparted to farmers in each district of the state. They were encouraged to use drip irrigation and other innovative methods. They were also given scientific advice on the use of fertilizers and pesticides. While the citizens of this country still do not have a universal health card, Narendra Modi made sure farmers got their soil samples tested and rated on Soil Health Cards, so that they could understand the characteristics of their soil. Even their cattle’s health problems were diagnosed and treated. He also made sure irrigation facilities increased rapidly and constructed a large number of check dams and similar structures.

Narendra Modi’s actions in the Energy Sector have revolutionized it and made sure citizens get uninterrupted 24-hour power supply, which is a distant dream in many other parts of the country. When he took over as Chief Minister, the Gujarat Electricity Board was running huge losses and people had to face a lot of power cuts. It is to Narendra Modi’s credit that he had the vision to think differently.In India, whenever a PSU is doing badly, either it is bailed out on tax-payers money, or is privatized. Narendra Modi chose a third option i.e. to professionalize the PSU. He divided the PSU into multiple units and special attention was given to cut down T&D losses. Electricity theft was punished severely and meters were installed in all rural areas. Today, not only is the company making a handsome profit, but people in the state have not seen a power cut for years.

Similarly it was observed that farmers in the state were getting power intermittently as in the case with rest of the country. Narendra Modi’s government came up with the Jyotigram Project, which bifurcated the feeders for agriculture and domestic use. As a result farmers get 24-hour electricity in their homes and a regulated 8-hour supply for their farms. The Centre even recommended this scheme to the other states.

Gujarat Empowers the Power Sector

These examples show how existing systems and processes can be improved and innovated upon to benefit the people of this country without the need for legislating laws. All one has to have is the will power and conviction to change things on the ground. Actions speak louder than Acts!

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GST collection rises 12.5% YoY to ₹1.68 lakh crore in February, gross FY24 sum at ₹18.4 lakh crore

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GST collection rises 12.5% YoY to ₹1.68 lakh crore in February, gross FY24 sum at ₹18.4 lakh crore
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"Building Atmanirbhar Bharat Through Comprehensive Job Creation"
February 24, 2024

One of the most effective pathways of aspirational and practical self-actualization for citizens of a nation is employment generation at scale and expanse. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has been cognizant of this need and has moved the needle comprehensively so that job creation today is happening across the spectrum: in the formal and informal sectors, through direct and indirect opportunities, in conventional and unconventional fields, and via self-employment and the opening up of multiple avenues for gigs, start-ups and novel entrepreneurship.


Government Initiatives
If on the one hand, Bharat is seeing the exponential growth in the number of start-ups and a conducive environment has made it one that has the largest number of unicorns, on the other hand a record number of Mudra loans sanctioned have fuelled unprecedented women-led growth, and the Agniveer scheme that aims to recruit youth into the Armed services has seen adoption in record numbers. According to a Harvard University research, India is among the top quartile of fastest-growing countries till 2029 and is undergoing a historic transition towards becoming a more formalized and technologically advanced, digitally evolved nation.


In the three years between 2017-18 and 2020-21, total employment increased by 8.4 crore which is a manifestation of several key factors such as demonetisation, rationalisation of taxes, the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), digital inclusivity and digitisation of financial transactions, inclusion of skill development and vocational training in the National Education Policy, increasing the number of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), a fillip to the hitherto marginalized segments such as rural and tribal populace, and effective incentivization for a highly labour dominant unorganized sector. An example is how PM Street Vendor’s Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi), has benefitted more than 56 lakh rehri or street vendors from June 2020 to November 2023.


Formalisation
Immense positive impact can be seen in the nation’s formal employment sector. India is the 5th largest economy in the world with 1.12 crore net additional employment created between 2015 to 2018. This is a result of the confluence of progressive, pro-industry policy decisions, leveraging of advancements in technology, reforms to ease business investment, and a focus on skilling. An example of how this translates on the ground is that with the PM MUDRA Yojana More than 15 crore people have been employed in the MSME sector out of which 3.4 crore are women.


In the IT Industry alone, around 20 lakh people have been employed between 2013-14 and 2021-22. Indirectly, about 6.24 crore jobs were created between 2014 and 2019 in India’s digital economy. When it comes to a boost in employment generation across sectors, let’s take the example of tourism – a revamped and increasingly attractive tourism and hospitality industry led to 1.9 crore indirect jobs being created in the tourism sector between 2017 and 2020. The overhaul in the hospitality sector has led to the creation of many such jobs directly, and indirectly; India is among the most visited countries in the world and has been experiencing a growing influx of tourists. This has led to business incentivization and a boost to local artisans, transport providers, and hotels and restaurants within the larger hospitality service industry. In Air transport alone, for every Rs. 100/- invested in the sector, 610 indirect jobs are generated.


Infromal Sectors
The winds of change can also be seen in the disruptive as well as informal sectors. Providing security and stability to the unconventional health and wellness, since 2014, about 5.65 lakh practitioners have been provided employment under Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH). The introduction of several new reforms, an increase in FDI, which have further helped in improving the ‘ease of doing business’ along with low data costs, improvised processes and ready adoption have created a thriving new ecosystem for employment – the gig and platform economy. Gig-economy jobs grew year-on-year by 13% and over 29.20 crore people have registered so far on the E-Shram portal. From 2016 to May 2022, ‘Hunar Haat’ has created employment avenues for over 10.5 lakh artisans and talented Vishwakarmas.


The continuing chain of beneficiaries in the government’s Gati shakti model include processes that act as catalysts for indirect job creation in sectors such as transport, logistics, mobility, food, consumer goods and manufacturing products. Up to 2021-22, 53,696 km of roadways were created which generated 21.8 crore man-days of employment. As mentioned before, round 6 crore people employed in unorganized sector between 2017-18 and 2019-20 have benefited from the SVANidhi Yojana – making PM Modi’s vision of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas a quintessential facet of employment for all.


People-first policies such as the flagship program for equitable housing, the PM Awas has created 2.39 crore indirect jobs up to 2022. Another great example of the ripple effect of employment generation can be seen in the form of Production Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes which enable the expansion of existing industries into larger ones, while promoting the creation of new ones. As an example, 5 lakh incremental jobs have been created in the mobile manufacturing sector due to PLI. As per the Economic Survey 2023, PLI schemes are slated to create 60 lakh jobs. In addition, India’s fintech adoption rate of 87% as against the world average of 64% has enabled the creation of an ecosystem that is touching the lives and livelihoods of all – including the self-employed and small business owners.


To this end, Rozgar Melas that aim to provide 10 lakh jobs in less than two years, and that meld employment opportunities and unique talent have been a boon for the economy. Rozgar Mela is a key step towards the fulfilment of the commitment to accord the highest priority to employment generation in the country. On 12th February, 2024, PM Modi distributed more than 1 lakh appointment letters to newly inducted recruits and also lay the foundation stone of Phase I of the Integrated Complex “Karmayogi Bhavan” to promote collaboration and synergy amongst various pillars of Mission Karmayogi. “Rozgar Melas are playing a crucial role in enhancing the contribution of our Yuva Shakti in nation building”, said PM Modi. Rozgar Mela will be held at 47 locations across the country this year with recruitments taking place across central government departments and state governments/UTs supporting this initiative. These melas ascribe gainful opportunities to the youth, the Amrit Generation, and create pathways for their direct participation in national development. Similarly, under the Prime Ministers Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), over 43.77 lakh people have got employment and the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) has led to the placement of over 24.51 lakh candidates.


As policy making becomes efficient, so do its representative tools; more than 19.9 lakh people have been placed in jobs through employment exchanges between 2017-2022. The government has incessantly been taking many measures to tackle unemployment issues and stem the unemployment rate. The Amrit generation is benefitting from a multi-pronged approach; if on the one hand, Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI), has benefitted around 2.94 lakh from 2014-15 to December 2022, on the other hand, over 1.80 lakh new job-creators and entrepreneurs are now operating under the Stand-Up India scheme.


New India – Naya Bharat – is one that thrives on a developed mindset with the aim of making the country Atmanirbhar, and a Vishwa Mitra – one the world leans on. As an example of this commitment, in the current financial year, Khadi has achieved a historic milestone by generating over 9.54 lakh new jobs. Be it our push towards renewable energy, creating a decarbonized energy sector which ranks India is 4th globally or the reduction of unemployment rate in rural areas, (decreased from 5.3% in 2017-18 to 2.4% in 2022-23) the commitment of PM Modi’s government to decisively mitigate unemployment stays foremost.


A spurt in the employment index is predicated on employment mobility to higher productivity jobs, rising job rates in secondary and tertiary sectors, promotion of women as economic catalysts and the increased formalisation of the unorganized, informal sector. PM Modi’s government has consistently come good on all the parameters which is the reason why milestone, upon milestone, Bharat’s journey towards becoming Atmanirbhar and the world’s third largest economy, is only a matter of time.