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"The practice of what is right and proper as indicated in the scriptures (ritam)
"Living up to the ideals that have been intellectually comprehended during the studies (satyam)
"A spirit of self-sacrifice and self-denial (tapas)
"Control of the senses (dama)
" Tranquility of the mind (sama)
"Maintenance of a charitable and ready kitchen at home in the service of all deserving hungry fellow beings (agni)
"Practice of concentration and ritualism through fire worship as was in vogue in the society of those days
"Doing one's duty towards humanity, towards one's children and grandchildren and towards the society."

Place : Surat, Date :26-02-2011

Watch - Addressing the 42nd Annual Convocation of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University (Part-1)

Her Excellency Governor and Chancellor Dr. Smt. Kamlaji, Vice Chancellor Dr. B. A. Prajapati, all members & staff of the university, distinguished guests, members of the Press and Media, and my dear students.

I am indeed happy to be present here today on this august occasion of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University’s 42nd convocation when nearly 34,000 students comprising 9 educational branches are being conferred diplomas and degrees belonging to various disciplines – Arts, Education, Science, Engineering, Medicine, Law, etc. The event comes in the backdrop of Gujarat just having completed its 50 years of independent existence last year and this is the second convocation I am addressing after the beginning of Golden Year 2010. This is a memorable occasion for all of us and personally for me to deliver this convocation address.

Friends, this South Gujarat University is a great institution visualized by educationists such as Atisukhshankar Trivedi and today it manages colleges in various disciplines imparting both undergraduate and postgraduate education. With the passing of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University Act in 1965, an historic event occurred with the university coming into existence in August of 1966 when Gujarat government appointed Shri Chandravadan Chunilal Shah as the first Vice-Chancellor and Shri Priyadatt Motiram Joshi as the first Registrar of the University. It gave a new impetus to education for districts such as Bharuch Surat, Dang and Valsad .

This day assumes immense importance to all the young girls and boys gathered here who would be venturing out into a world full of challenges known and unknown: about their job prospects; of how tough life is outside the safe precincts of a university and what the future course of action could arise in their life. Dear friends, today in your moment of triumph remember that many more such triumphal moments are yet to come as you learn to cultivate the right attitude and make progress in the globalised, integrated world. I wish all of you a bright success in your career. I congratulate all those who are getting their diplomas and degree today, my special compliments to those who are getting gold medals for their outstanding performance in the examinations.

Watch - Addressing the 42nd Annual Convocation of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University (Part-2)

I am reminded of a brilliant convocation address in the Taittiriya Upanishad, where the Guru delivers the convocation address to the students who were leaving the Gurukul and entering the world outside, the real world full of struggle and challenges.  The students of the Gurukul are given key ideas on how they should live their lives dedicated to their culture consistent with what has been taught to them as the goal and way of life. In the convocation address the Guru emphasizes on the following qualities.

1.  The practice of what is right and proper as indicated in the scriptures (ritam);

2.  Living up to the ideals that have been intellectually comprehended during the studies (satyam);

3.  A spirit of self-sacrifice and self-denial (tapas);

4.  Control of the senses (dama);

5.  Tranquility of the mind (sama);

6.  Maintenance of a charitable and ready kitchen at home in the service of all deserving hungry fellow beings (agni);

7.   Practice of concentration and ritualism through fire worship as was in vogue in the society of those days; and

8.   Doing one's duty towards humanity, towards one's children and grandchildren and towards the society.

Continuing the “Convocation Address”, the teacher says: having taught the Vedas, the preceptor enjoins the pupil: “Speak the truth, do your duty, never swerve from the study of the Vedas; do not cut off the line of descendants in your family. Never deviate from the truth, never fail in your duty, never overlook your own welfare, never neglect your prosperity and study”.

Getting a degree does not mean that your duty is over. In fact your duty toward the society starts only now. What is your duty towards the society, this state and the nation as educated men and women? We have to place this in the right context. To fulfill our duty, the context in terms of past, present and future challenges should be understood well.

21st century is a knowledge century. It is said that this century is a century of India. The statement is a fact and a challenge as well.  This is a fact because whenever in human history there has been a focus on knowledge, India has played its central role in it. Even today, India possesses a rich repository of knowledge in several spheres in the form of its knowledge texts and manuscripts. Moreover, it is a historical truth known to all of us that scholars from across the world visited India seeking its knowledge from the various Institutions and Universities spread across the country. It is also a historical truth that when one of the last historical universities of India, Nalanda was burnt in India, the world renowned Oxford and Cambridge were not even fully established. This is our rich heritage in Higher education which also includes Vallabhi Vidyapeeth.

This is just a glance about the historical legacy and heritage. But let us realize that it is our responsibility to carve the role and direction of Gujarat in this knowledge century of India. I need not highlight achievements of Gujarat in Industrial Progress, Investment and Infrastructural Development. The Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors Summit of 2011 is a proof for this. The whole country has taken note of it.  After achieving the first place in Industrial Developments, Investments in Gujarat, our government has shifted its focus to education and health because they are centre of overall development.

My government has taken several initiatives in the education sector. The recently concluded 5th Vibrant Summit saw a commitment of $ 450 billion of investments with 7,936 MoUs signed amounting to Rs 20.83 lakh crore. Of these 84 MOUs were signed in different categories among higher education in the State and their international counterparts that included United States of America, Canada, South America, Australia, United Kingdom and South Asian countries. I am sure with renewed focus on higher education as part of our vision to transform Gujarat into a knowledge hub will bear fruit in near future with the active participation of all stake holders. The academic collaborations would be mutually beneficial to the State and to international institutions as well. New field of knowledge has been thrown open for youth and women and new universities/centres of advanced learning or excellence is going to be set up in collaboration with foreign universities.

Today India is emerging as a major economic power and Gujarat is placed well to take the country on a high growth trajectory. Gujarat already contributes a substantial part in India’s industrial production, capital formation and exports. In several products, it is in fact, a national leader and in certain others, a global player. Gujarat has thus emerged as growth engine of India. However, the potential is still very large and Gujarat must exploit the same for its own development and for growth of the country. If the growth is not tempered with education and if fruits of progress do not reach the deserving we then would be creating only islands of excellence. For this we need educated and highly qualified technical manpower. That is why I put Gyan Shakti on the top of the Panchamrut Yojana’s other four principles Urja Shakti, Jal Shakti, Jan Shakti and Raksha Shakti.

Friends, the focus on higher education in particular and education in general is essential because in knowledge based 21st century, Gujarat can contribute only if it makes relevant research and innovations in education and these research and innovations should be totally relevant and compatible to international standards and quality. For this purpose, our government has taken important steps and policy decisions. As research is considered vital & essential part of quality and value education, hence several programmes have been incorporated to encourage students and teachers for research orientation work.  For providing a platform to all knowledge based institutions we have established Knowledge Consortium of Gujarat(KCG) which has initiated the process to develop repository  for the research scholars across the nation as well as developing network between research scholars, guides across the state. With a view to develop capabilities of teachers in communication technology and related subjects, KCG, Department of Education has launched initiative Knowledge Management Programme (KMP). Under this initiative training for capabilities building is provided in the area of English and Computer for enabling our teachers to have access to knowledge resources. This initiative shall help them to develop awareness and acquisition at International level in their respective subject areas.

I am not looking at sports not as something which merely tones up the body. I am looking at it as a tool of education that stimulates the mind and brings in a culture of discipline. Keeping this in mind to develop physical, mental and creative abilities of students “Khel Mahakumbh” was organized during the Golden Jubilee Year of the state.  “Chess Mahakumbh” too served the same purpose. It was meant to develop students’ capacity of concentration, analytical skills and anticipation that would help him or her to pursue studies in a pragmatic and healthy manner.

To rekindle the spirit of learning and reading we launched “Vanche Gujarat” in this Swarnim year.  All these initiatives will provide motivation and creation of new formation to our education and particularly to higher education in Gujarat. For effective implementation of various initiatives started by Government of Gujarat, Knowledge Consortium of Gujarat (KCG) has created one structure for the Mission Mode Implementation (MMI). In this structure, 5 colleges make one cluster and several such clusters make one academic district.  Under MMI, district coordinators, students and university representatives were selected and given training to implement, organize and monitor various initiatives effectively in all districts, clusters and colleges.

It will not be out of place to mention that the state of Gujarat is witnessing an atmosphere charged with silent revolution in higher education for several years now. The implementation of Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) which is in progress allows a student of mathematics the freedom to study subjects like music or philosophy.

These initiatives are not designed to be mere government programmes. They need to be supported by larger public participation across the state. I wish that these initiatives will not remain only for Swarnim Gujarat Year but will continue in subsequent years for brighter and prosperous future.

Friends, I have been talking at length about the initiatives that my government has taken in the field of education so that Gujarat becomes a force to reckon in “Knowledge sector.” It would be amiss if I fail to say something about what life means outside the portals of universities and colleges. There is a vast difference between learning by book in the protected environ of the four walls of an university and experiencing the real world outside. For those who are now at the threshold of a new dawn on this day as they venture out into a world full of challenges known and unknown it is no easy task. Facing a tough life outside needs vision and a purpose in life.

I don’t mean to scare any of you when I say the world outside is ‘big, bad, world’. The world is only as big or as bad as you make it out to be. There are difficulties, yes, but none that you won’t be able to surmount; there are obstacles, yes, but none that you cannot overcome. The greatest quality that a person can possess is the quality of self-belief. If you believe you can, you can. If you believe you won't, you most certainly won't.Belief is the ignition switch that gets you off the launching pad, for defeat is not the worst of failures, not to have tried is the true failure.

Success rarely comes to someone who is not sure of himself. We need to develop a vision that is promising to unravel our full potential. Admitting defeat means you lose the will to surmount difficulties. Fall seven times, stand up eight, goes an old Japanese saying. Recall how Sir Edmund Hillary, the first man to climb Mount Everest, refused to admit defeat when he failed the first time. On May 29, 1953 he scaled successfully the highest mountain then known to man though he had failed in 1952. Soon after his disappointing effort in 1952 a group in England called him to address its members and as Hillary walked to the stage amid thunderous applause the audience clearly saw a man who had attempted the impossible. But Edmund Hillary saw himself as a failure. He moved away from the microphone and walked to the edge of the platform and making a fist he pointed at a picture of the mountain and said in a loud voice, "Mount Everest, you beat me the first time, but I'll beat you the next time because you've grown all you are going to grow... but I'm still growing!" That is the spirit we need to adopt if we want to move ahead in life. Our desire for success should be greater than our fear of failure.  It is worth remembering what the famous American writer Dale Carnegie once said, “
Don't be afraid to give your best to what seemingly are small jobs.  Every time you conquer one it makes you that much stronger.  If you do the little jobs well, the big ones will tend to take care of themselves
. “

I believe you all must have read or heard about Harry Potter, the boy magician who is now weaving his magic in Hollywood. However, not many people know how difficult it was for the magic to begin. J.K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter books, is currently the second-richest female entertainer on the planet, behind Oprah. However, when Rowling wrote the first Harry Potter book in 1995, it was rejected by 12 different publishers. Even Bloomsbury, the small publishing house that finally purchased Rowling’s manuscript, told the author to “get a day job.” At the time when Rowling was writing the original Harry Potter book, her life was a self-described mess. She was going through a divorce and living in a tiny flat with her daughter. Rowling was surviving on government subsidies, and her mother had just passed away from multiple sclerosis. At such a bleak juncture in her life, what do you think carried her through? The answer is simple: a tiny little voice that arises from within and says, yes you can. J.K. Rowling followed that voice and turned these negatives into a positive by devoting most of her free time to the Harry Potter series. She in fact also drew from her bad personal experiences when writing. The result is now a brand name currently worth nearly $15 billion, but more importantly, a name which shall be remembered as having gotten children across the world back to reading books and discovering the attics of their imagination.

Today the mantra for success is how best you can utilize your wisdom gained through the continuous process of learning. Only two things can lead one to achieve real success in life and that is by inculcating human values and learning to live in amity with others. Education after all cannot be an end in itself; it is just a means to an end and a student must apply his knowledge for betterment of self, community and the country. To be able to do this he should first learn the importance of humility.

There is this story about a university professor who went to visit a famous Zen master to learn Zen meditation. While the master quietly served tea, the professor kept talking about how learned he was and how he was the best disciple the master could ever get. The master said nothing, but simply kept pouring tea into the visitor's cup. The cup got filled right up to the brim, and yet the master simply continued pouring. The professor watched the overflowing cup until he could no longer restrain himself. "It's overflowing! No more will go in!" the professor blurted. The master stopped pouring, looked calmly at the professor, and said, "You are like this cup." You must be open to ideas all the time. Don’t even for a moment think that you have learnt all that there is to learn. Each breath you take ushers in a new present, and each subsequent breath will be a moment in the future. Revel in the freshness of the present without resting on the laurels of the past, and you shall realize that the world opens up new experiences for you with every passing second. You might obviously be thinking about what there is to learn after having gone through so many years of academic rigor. However, when one faces the real world, one realizes that it's not any particular knowledge that one needs; rather it's just the ability to know how to learn, simply because we're not going to know what's going to be needed in the future. One needs to be constantly able to learn and adapt to new environments and new knowledge.

What is the aim of university education? Good education should help the students to pose the question “what is it to be human?” in relation to his highest aspirations as opposed to the common needs, to themselves and become aware that the answer is neither obvious nor simple. Each one of you should be able to ask the question “what should life mean to me?” Life has no proper meaning. You have to create a meaning for your life. It is the responsibility of each one of you to make your life meaningful. If you want to create a meaning for your life then you should work for it. Swami Vivekananda said “Arise, Awake and stop not till the goal is reached”, and that is the only way to live a meaningful life.

Creation of a spirit of inquiry and scientific temper which will help one understand that an individual is only a reflection of a larger world and translation of that understanding into action.  I have great faith in the power of youth. Youth have the potential, honesty and courage to bring about a radical change. After 30 old age starts and perhaps that is why hippies say “don't trust a man beyond thirty”. Scientists say that all the cells in the human body are replaced totally once in seven years. They have also identified the major changes which take place in human life depending upon the seven-year cycle of change in the human body. One of the most interesting observations is that the age between 21 to 28 is the phase of rebellion, creative thinking and new ventures. Then in the next phase of 28 to 35, man becomes family oriented and starts believing in what John Kenneth Galbraith called conventional wisdom. In the following phases of cyclical change man becomes more and more ritualistic, and starts resisting any change and becomes more and more interested in security rather than going out for new ventures. In short it is the strength in youth, which can bring about a paradigm shift. So you cannot only dream big things, but also have the potential in you to transform your dreams into reality.

It is rightly said about those who fear competition of being doomed to lead a mediocre life. In the emerging globally competitive era it is the intangible knowledge capital that we have which counts the most. Today the world has shrunk thanks to knowledge revolution. It is no more correct to refer to a country as “distant country.” Thanks to the technological revolution the world has shrunk into being a global village. Therefore whatever education an  university or institutes of higher education imparts it must achieve the global level of bench marking given the vastness and diversity of global village  we live in today. And towards these end friends, Gujarat has spared no effort in charting a course that pursues a path of integration in the global village setup.

There is a saying that some men are born great, greatness is thrust upon some men and some men achieve greatness through their efforts, but the greatness which is achieved through one's own effort will be long lasting. You should have a goal in life, a lofty aim in life. You should strive hard towards achieving that aim. Like Ekalavyya who was born in a poor tribal family became a master archer surpassing even the Great Arjuna because of his will, effort, determination and perseverance. Each one of you can achieve excellence if you are focused on your aim.  Thousands are born and thousands die every day and that is not called living. Living is a conscious process of taking responsibility. Why are some people more successful in their personal lives than others? Why do some people grow and flourish, move ahead rapidly and enjoy greater satisfaction and happiness in their lives and their work?

What are the determinants of success? First explore what success means to you.  Then you should take control of your life by developing self-motivation, self-confidence, and greater sense of personal control. Develop a personal mission for you, set goals in major areas of your life, understand your values, align your mission, goals and values.

Develop courage and persistence by overcoming self imposed limitations such as fear. Develop resilience. If you have clear sense of purpose and goals then you will be better focused and will be able to concentrate, and the more responsibility you are capable of taking then the more self esteem, confidence and personal pride will grow.

And if you dream and pray in the process, you would succeed. Let us dream and pray with the great poet Rabindranath Tagore when he says:


“Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high,


Where knowledge is free,


Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls,


Where words come out from the depth of truth,


Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection,


Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit,


 Where the mind is led forward by thee into that heaven of freedom,


My Father, let my country wake”.

And by wishing you all great success I would like to conclude my speech with the ringing words of the great American essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson who brought out the true meaning of education:


”We are shut up in schools and college recitation rooms for ten or fifteen years, and come out at last with a bellyfull of words and do not know a thing. The things taught in schools and colleges are not an education, but the means of education.”

Let us try and make a sincere effort for 
man-making
, a 
true education
 in the Golden Jubilee Year of Gujarat

Jai Hind –Jai Jai Garvi Gujarat

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Start-ups are going to be the backbone of new India: PM Modi
January 15, 2022
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Startups makes presentations before PM on six themes
“It has been decided to celebrate January 16 as National Start-up Day to take the Startup culture to the far flung areas of the country”
“Three aspects of government efforts: first, to liberate entrepreneurship, innovation from the web of government processes, and bureaucratic silos, second, creating an institutional mechanism to promote innovation; third, handholding of young innovators and young enterprises”
“Our Start-ups are changing the rules of the game. That's why I believe Start-ups are going to be the backbone of new India.”
“Last year, 42 unicorns came up in the country. These companies worth thousands of crores of rupees are the hallmark of self-reliant and self-confident India”
“Today India is rapidly moving towards hitting the century of the unicorns. I believe the golden era of India's start-ups is starting now”
“Don't just keep your dreams local, make them global. Remember this mantra

Namaskar,

My colleagues in the Union Cabinet Piyush Goyal ji, Mansukh Mandaviya ji, Ashwini Vaishnaw ji, Sarbananda Sonowal ji, Parshottam Rupala ji, G. Kishan Reddy ji, Pashupati Kumar Paras ji, Jitendra Singh ji, Som Prakash ji, stalwarts from the world of start-ups from across the country, our young friends, other dignitaries and brothers and sisters,

All of us witnessed the success of Indian start-ups and also saw presentations from some of the stakeholders. All of you are doing a great job. This year of 2022 has ushered in even more possibilities for the Indian start-up ecosystem. The ‘Start-up India Innovation Week’ event assumes greater significance in the 75th year of independence. Your role in building a grand India on the completion of 100 years of its independence is immense.

I congratulate all the start-ups and the innovative youth who are raising the flag of India in the world of start-ups. It has been decided to celebrate January 16 as National Start-up Day so that this culture of start-ups gets as far as the far-flung parts of the country.

Friends,

The Start-up India Innovation Week is meant to celebrate the successes of the last year and also to discuss the future strategy. This decade is being called the ‘Techade of India’. There are three important aspects to the massive changes that the government is making in this decade to strengthen the innovation, entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem.

First, to liberate entrepreneurship and innovation from the web of government processes and bureaucratic silos; second, to create an institutional mechanism to promote innovation; and third to handhold young innovators and youth enterprises! Programs like Start-up India, Stand-Up India are part of such efforts.

Steps like eliminating the hassles of angel tax and simplifying tax filing, facilitating access to credit and ensuring thousands of crores of rupees of government funding reflect our commitment. Under Start-up India, start-ups have been given the facility to self-certify compliances related to nine labour and three environment laws.

The process of simplification of government procedures which started with the self-attestation of documents has reached the stage of eliminating over 25,000 compliances today. Startup Runway on the Government e-Marketplace (GeM) platform is also very useful to enable start-ups to provide their products or services to the government easily.

Friends,

Trust in the ability and creativity of one’s youth is an important basis for the progress of any country. Recognizing this potential of its youth, India is making policies and implementing decisions today. There are more than 1,000 universities, 11,000 stand-alone institutions, 42,000 colleges and lakhs of schools in India. This is the great strength of India.

Our endeavour is to institutionalize innovation in the country by creating an attraction for innovation among students since childhood. More than 9,000 Atal Tinkering Labs are giving children a chance to innovate and work on new ideas in schools. The Atal Innovation Mission is ensuring new platforms for our youth to work on their innovative ideas. In addition, the network of thousands of labs in schools and colleges across the country promotes innovation in every field. We are emphasizing innovation and technology-based solutions to deal with the challenges of the country. We have engaged the youth by organizing many Hackathons and they have given us many innovative solutions in record time.

You must also have experienced how different departments and ministries of the government are in touch with the youth and start-ups and encouraging their new ideas. Whether it is new drone rules, or the new space policy, the priority of the government is to provide opportunities for innovation to as many youths as possible.

Our government has also simplified the rules related to IPR registration. The central and state governments together are supporting hundreds of incubators in the country today. Today, institutions like iCreate are playing a very important role in enhancing the innovation ecosystem in the country. iCreate, i.e., International Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology, is giving a strong start to many start-ups and encouraging innovations.

And friends,

We can see the results of these efforts of the government. Whereas 4,000 patents were approved in 2013-14, more than 28,000 patents were granted last year. In 2013-14, about 70,000 trademarks were registered, whereas more than 2.5 lakh trademarks have been registered in 2021. In 2013-14, only 4,000 copyrights were granted, whereas this number crossed 16,000 last year. India's ranking in the Global Innovation Index has also improved a lot due to the campaign that is underway in India regarding innovation. In 2015, India was confined to 81 in this ranking. Now India is ranked 46 in the Innovation Index; it has come down from 50.

Friends,

India's start-up ecosystem is creating waves in the world today. It is the strength of India's start-up ecosystem that it is full of passion, sincerity and integrity. It is the strength of India's start-up ecosystem that it is constantly discovering itself, improving itself and growing in strength. It is constantly in a learning mode, in a changing mode and adapting itself to new situations. Today who would not be proud to see that India's start-ups are working in 55 different industries? Everyone will be proud of it. Where there were not even 500 startups in the country five years ago, today this number has increased to 60,000. You have the power of innovation, you have new ideas, you are full of youthful energy and you are changing the way of doing business. Our start-ups are changing the rules of the game. That's why I believe start-ups are going to be the backbone of new India.

Friends,

This spirit from entrepreneurship to empowerment is also resolving the issues of regional and gender disparity in our development. Earlier, big businesses flourished only in big cities and metros; today there is at least one start-up in every state of the country spread over more than 625 districts. Today almost half the start-ups are operating from Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities. These are converting the ideas of youth from ordinary and poor families into businesses. Today lakhs of youth are getting employment in these start-ups.

Friends,

The speed and scale at which India's youth are creating start-ups is a testament to the strong will and determination of Indians in this era of a global pandemic. Earlier, only a few companies could become big even in the best of times. But, 42 unicorns emerged in our country last year only. These companies worth thousands of crores of rupees are the hallmark of self-reliant, self-confident India. Today India is rapidly moving towards creating the century of the unicorn. And I believe the golden age of India's start-ups is starting now. The diversity of India is our greatest strength. Our diversity is our global identity.

Our unicorns and start-ups are messengers of this diversity. From simple delivery services to payment solutions and cab services, your scope is huge. You have so much experience working in diverse markets and diverse cultures in India itself. Therefore, start-ups from India can easily reach out to other countries of the world. So don't just keep your dreams local, make them global. Remember this mantra -- let us innovate for India, innovate from India!

Friends,

It is time for all to mobilize in the virtuous period of freedom. This is the time to move towards goals with ‘Sabka Prayas (collective efforts). I was happy when a group made important suggestions regarding the PM GatiShakti National Master Plan. The extra space available in GatiShakti projects can be used for building EV charging infrastructure. Under this master plan, the entire infrastructure grid, including transport, power, telecom, etc is being brought on a single platform. Your participation in this campaign of creation of multimodal and multipurpose assets is very important.

This will also give impetus to the creation of new champions in our manufacturing sector. The country's ambitious plans are in front of you in many sectors related to defence manufacturing, chip manufacturing, clean energy and drone technology.

Many investors of the country and abroad are investing in drone start-ups following the implementation of the new drone policy recently. Drone companies have received orders worth about Rs 500 crore from the Army, Navy and Air Force. The government is using drones on a large scale for mapping village properties for the Swamitva scheme. Now the scope of drones is increasing in home delivery of medicines and in agriculture. So it has a lot of potentials.

Friends,

Our rapid urbanization is also a big focus area. Today, work is happening on a large scale in developing our existing cities and building new cities. There is a lot to be done in urban planning. We have to create such ‘walk-to-work’ concepts and integrated industrial estates, where there are better arrangements for the workers. New possibilities are waiting for you in urban planning. For example, a group just mentioned the national cycling plan and car-free zones for big cities. This is very important to promote sustainable lifestyles in cities. You must be aware when I went to the COP-26 summit, I talked about the Mission LIFE and my concept of LIFE is Lifestyle for Environments (LIFE). I believe that we need to make people aware of the use of those things by using technology. For example, the P-3 movement is imperative today. P-3 movement, i.e., Pro-Planet-People! Unless we make people aware of the environment and make them soldiers in the fight against global warming, we cannot win this battle. Therefore, India is involving many countries in this Mission LIFE.

Friends,

Smart mobility will also make the life of cities easier and will also help in achieving our targets of carbon emission.

Friends,

India continues to strengthen its identity as the world's largest millennial market. Millennials are the cornerstone of the prosperity of their families as well as the self-reliance of the nation. Our needs and our potential are limitless from a rural economy to Industry 4.0. Investment in research and development related to future technology is the priority of the government today. But it would be better if the industry also expands its contribution in this.

Friends,

One more thing you have to keep in mind in this decade of the 21st century. A huge market is opening up in the country as well. We have stepped into the digital lifestyle just now. Only about half of our population is online. With the speed, scale and price at which the government is working to provide digital access to the poor and villages, India will have about 100 crore internet users in a very short time.

As last-mile delivery gets empowered in remote areas, it is also creating a rural market and a large pool of rural talent. That's why I request the start-ups of India to move towards villages. This is an opportunity as well as a challenge. Be it mobile internet, broadband connectivity or physical connectivity, the aspirations of villages are rising today. Rural and semi-urban areas are looking forward to a new wave of expansion.

The way the start-up culture has democratized the Idea, it has empowered women and local businesses. From pickles and papadum to handicrafts, the scope of many local products has expanded widely today. Due to increasing awareness, people are becoming vocal for the locals. And just now our friend Kartik from Jaipur talked about making local the global and mentioned virtual tourism. On the occasion of 75 years of independence, I would urge you to hold a competition among children of schools and colleges regarding the virtual creative work of the monuments and events related to independence from the pages of history in their districts and cities. And start-ups like you can compile it and the country should be invited for a virtual tour for 75 years of independence. It will be a big contribution from the start-ups during the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. If you make a beginning regarding an idea which you like and how to bring forth that idea in which format, I think we can take it forward.

Friends,

During the Covid lockdown, we have seen how small innovative models at the local level made people's lives easier. Start-ups have a huge opportunity for collaboration with small local businesses. Start-ups can empower and make these local businesses efficient. Small businesses are the backbone of the country's development and start-ups are the new game-changer. This partnership can transform both our society and economy and women’s employment especially can get a lot of strength from this.

Friends,

Many suggestions have come here regarding the partnership between government and start-ups in many sectors, including agriculture, health, education, tourism, etc. Like there was a suggestion that our local shopkeepers are hardly able to use 50-60% of their capacity and a digital solution was offered to them so that they could know which items had emptied and which ones needed to be bought. I will suggest that you connect the shopkeepers with their customers. The shopkeepers can inform their customers that they would be running out of stock of some products in three or seven days. If a message is sent to them, then families will not have to search the boxes in the kitchen to see which products they would be running short of after some days. A message can be sent by a shopkeeper to his customer that he is going to run out of stock of turmeric in three days. You can even convert it into a very large platform and can become a very big aggregator and can become a bridge between shopkeepers and customers.

Friends,

I assure you that every suggestion, every idea, every innovation of the youth will get the full support from the government. The next 25 years, which will take the country towards the 100th year of independence, are very important friends and most important for you. This is a new era of innovation i.e. ideas, industry and investment. Your exercise is for India. Your enterprise is for India. Your wealth creation is for India and job creation is for India.

I am fully committed to converting the energy of the youth into the energy of the country. It has become very important to understand your suggestions and ideas because there is a new generation that thinks in a new way. I am sure that all the government departments will benefit from the ideas that have emerged from the seven-day brainstorming and will try to implement in government policies and see how it impacts the life of society. I thank you all for taking your valuable time out to take part in this event because you belong to the world of ideas and sharing those ideas with everybody is very important.

I wish you all the very best. There is already the atmosphere of the holy festival of Makar Sankranti. But do take care of yourself from Corona.

Thanks a lot.