The Prime Minister today presented Ireland’s Prime Minister Mr Enda Kenny reproductions of a selection of manuscripts and papers available in the National Archives of India pertaining to two Irish officials, Thomas Oldham (1816-1878) and Sir George Abraham Grierson (1851-1941), in recognition of their contributions in India.
Born in 1816 in Dublin, Thomas Oldham was appointed as geological surveyor in 1850 to conduct a geological survey in India and his services were placed with the then Government of Bengal. He assumed charge in March 1851 and his joining day is celebrated as the foundation day of the Geological Survey of India. Apart from conducting the first systematic coal mapping of India – and later initiating mapping of other minerals – he wrote extensively on the fossils of India.
Sir George A Grierson was an Irish civil servant and philologist who, starting 1898, conducted the first Linguistic Survey of India. The Survey was later published over several years during 1903-28. It was Grierson’s Linguistic Survey of India that provided the first scientifically based taxonomy of the Indo-Aryan languages within which the linguistic status of various forms of Hindi, Urdu and other Indo-Aryan speech forms could be based. The separation of Hindi into Western and Eastern dialect zones is the direct result of Grierson’s classification efforts. As a student of mathematics at Trinity College, Dublin, Grierson took prizes in Sanskritand Hindi. He went to Bengal in October 1873, where, in addition to carrying out his duties in a succession of government posts until 1898, he devoted much time to language research. Two of his most important works are Seven Grammars of the Dialects and Sub-dialects of the Bihari Language (1883 - 87) and Bihar Peasant Life (1885). The latter work, in addition to offering much linguistic information, describes the life, farming methods, and beliefs of the Bihar peasantry. In 1994, the Government of India instituted an award in his honour that is given to foreign scholars who have made significant contributions to Hindi.
In addition, the Prime Minister also presented a specially handcrafted piece of silver, marble and roughly hewn sandstone rock that imagines the Irish symbol of shamrock as a votive candle-stand or an aarti lamp, with a peacock perched by the side of shamrock leaves, along with silver-tipped crystal dewdrops signifying serenity and purity.
The selection is connected with Irish officials, Mr. Thomas Oldham & Sir George Abraham Grierson, recognising their contribution to India.— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 23, 2015
Thomas Oldham was appointed geological surveyor in 1850. His joining day in 1851 is marked as foundation day of Geological Survey of India.— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 23, 2015
Mr. Oldham conducted 1st systemic coal mapping of India & later initiated mapping of other minerals. He wrote a lot about fossils in India.— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 23, 2015
Sir George A Grierson conducted the 1st linguistic survey of India, which was published over several years between 1903 to 1928.— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 23, 2015
Grierson’s Linguistic Survey of India provided 1st scientifically based taxonomy of Indo-Aryan languages. pic.twitter.com/OdEqIkjeX8— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) September 23, 2015