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Gujarat shows the way by focussing extensively on renewable energy


Under the visionary leadership of Shri Modi, Gujarat first state in India and entier Asia to set up climate change department


Gujarat shines in creation of solar energy and wind energy

 

 
by Dr. Nirav Shah As we move into a smarter and faster world, full of innovations and technology, we also face perils of rapidly depleting sources of energy and pernicious ramifications on the environment. The entire world has been working hard to reduce the use of conventional sources of energy and adopt cleaner and greener sources. India, with its population has a major responsibility to contribute to this antecedent by reducing its carbon footprint. Gujarat, luckily has the benefit of Shri Narendra Modi’s foresight. One of the very few national leaders to understand the gravity of the situation, Narendra Modi has catapulted Gujarat into unchartered territory by focussing extensively on renewable sources of energy. Shri Narendra Modi has written a very insightful book called Convenient Action addressing the concerns of Climate change. Gujarat Government , under the able leadership of Shri Narendra Modi is the first state in India and Asia to set up a Department for Climate Change.             

            

Source: Energy Statistics 2012 (CSO)

Gujarat’s progress in the field of renewable sources of energy emphasises the importance of a sound policy and the will to implement it. Starting with negligible advancements in renewable sources of energy, Gujarat has achieved a remarkable turnaround under Shri Narendra Modi and dominates the production of renewable energy today. According to the Annual Report ‘Energy Statistics 2012’ published by Central Statistics Office, Gujarat potentially accounts for 14% of the total Renewable Energy Power generated in India, which is more than the larger states of India as explained by the table above. In addition to this, Gujarat also generates a large chunk of the total Solar  Energy generated in the country. According to the Monthly Generation Report (August 12)  Published by Central Electricity Authority, Gujarat produced 400.196 MU of the total 539.205 MU produced between April and August 2012. Thus, Gujarat produced an astonishing 74.21% of the total solar energy produced by the nation.         

  

The Government of Gujarat, under Narendra Modi has undertaken many unique endeavours to ameliorate the generation of energy from renewable sources. Gujarat has shown exemplary vision and set up a 600 MW solar park at Charanka near Patan. It is a matter of great pride for Gujarat and India, that this is park, situated on approximately 2669 acres of waste land , is the largest of its kind in entire Asia! The picture of Shri Narendra Modi in the backdrop of the solar panels would remain permanently etched in our minds. The Government further gave a fillip to the generation of solar energy by involving the citizens with roof top solar power plant . This solar energy thus generated can be sold to the government and act as an additional source of income. This clean energy, in addition to supplementing the various other sources of energy and enriching the lives of people, would also help reduce lakhs of tonnes of Carbon Dioxide emissions. Another glaring example of the out of the box thinking of the government is the solar panels on canals project. Employing a very holistic approach, solar panels are set on top of canals, thus eliminating the need to procure land. Huge amounts of water evaporation can be prevented, in addition to generating electricity. It is a welcome change to see an Indian state spearheading a revolution of innovations and reform. 

Not limiting itself to one source of alternative energy, the State Government is always on the hunt for new avenues to expand the domain of renewable power in Gujarat. As is the case with solar energy, Gujarat is one of the major producers of Wind Energy in India. Recognising the potential of wind energy and exhibiting proactive measures, Gujarat increased it’s wind energy generation ten folds in the last six years. Isn’t it an amazing growth story in a nation renowned for its bureaucratic roadblocks? Gujarat has also made significant advances in the field of bio energy as well. But, unlike anyone, Narendra Modi , is a man with an indefatigable zeal to keep pushing the envelope of excellence. Instead of getting satisfied with the progress achieved, believe him to use this as propeller to achieve further heights. Today, Gujarat is at par with the western world in harnessing nature to generate energy. Just imagine what heights can we as a nation, abundantly blessed with natural resources, achieve if it follows the Gujarat Model?

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Empowering our Farmers
September 26, 2016
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Empowering our Farmers

The NDA Government under PM Narendra Modi has put unprecedented focus on agriculture. Numerous initiatives to improve productivity, safeguard farmers and augment their incomes and improve their overall well-being have been taken in the past two years. The steps taken by the Government are helping the farmers in a multitude of ways; from easy availability of fertilizers to improving irrigation facilities, from crop insurance scheme to easy access to credit, from scientific help to better price for their produce. PM Modi has also given a call to double farmers’ incomes by 2022 by multi-modal interventions.

India faced consecutive droughts in 2014-15 and 2015-16. Yet due to the resilience of Indian farmers, agricultural production remained stable and so did supply and inflation. Total foodgrain output in 2015-16 is estimated at 252.23 MT while Total foodgrain output in 2014-15 was 252.02 MT. Ministry of Agriculture has been renamed as Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare. This reflects a paradigm shift in the vision, which puts farmer first. Allocation for Agriculture and Farmers’ welfare has been increased substantially to Rs 35,984 crore.

The Govt realises that agriculture needs to more predictable, productive and profitable. This needs a multidimensional approach to solving farmers’ problem throughout the entire cycle and hence the Govt has come up with solutions to various issues faced by a farmer.

Pre- sowing:

  1. Soil health Card to help farmers make the right choice.

The Govt has distributed 1.84 Cr. soil health cards. The target is to cover all 14 crore farm holdings & provide soil health card to all farmers.

  1. Fertilisers

Long queues for fertilisers are history now. The Govt is ensuring easy availability of fertilisers for farmers. Prices of fertilisers have also been reduced significantly. 100% Neem coated urea is available in the country. This will improve fertilizer use efficiency by 10 to 15 percent and thereby reduce the consumption of urea fertilizer.

  1. Finance

Govt approved Rs 18,276 crore towards interest subvention of farmer loans. This will ensure that a farmer pays 4% interest for short term crop loans, 7% for post harvest loans, 7% in case of natural calamity, against the market rate of 9%.

During sowing:

  1. Irrigation Facilities

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to be implemented in mission mode & 28.5 lakh hectares will be brought under irrigation.  Implementation of 89 irrigation projects under AIBP, which were languishing for a long time, will be fast tracked. A dedicated Long Term Irrigation Fund is being created in NABARD with an initial corpus of about 20,000 crore. 5 lakh farm ponds and dug wells in rain fed areas and 10 lakh compost pits for production of organic manure will be taken up under MGNREGA.

  1. Support & Guidance

Scientific advice in the form of sms and calls have been sent to crores of farmers.

After sowing:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna

The PMFBY comes with the lowest ever premium rate for farmers. The PMFBY comes with One rate for One crop i.e. Kharif crops: 2 %, Rabi crops: 1.5 %, Horticulture Crops: 5 %. There is no capping on premium rates & no reduction in sum insured, thus ensuring full protection for farmers. Since independence, only around 20% farmers have been covered under insurance till now.  PMFBY targets 50%  coverage in next 3 years.

  1. e-NAM

Agriculture marketing is administered by the States as per their agri-marketing regulations, under which, the State is divided into several market areas. This fragmentation of markets hinders free flow of agri commodities from one market area to another and ends up escalating the prices for the consumers without commensurate benefit to the farmer. e-NAM addresses these challenges by creating a unified market through online trading platform, both, at State and National level and promotes uniformity, streamlining of procedures across the integrated markets, removes information asymmetry between buyers and sellers and promotes real time price discovery, based on actual demand and supply, promotes transparency in auction process, and access to a nationwide market for the farmer, with prices commensurate with quality of his produce and online payment and availability of better quality produce and at more reasonable prices to the consumer.

Apart from the above measures, a multi-pronged approach has been adopted to augment farmers’ income. Efforts are being made to increase in farm income through support to allied activities like fisheries, animal husbandry and dairy products. 850 crore for four dairying projects - ‘Pashudhan Sanjivani’, ‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’, ‘E-Pashudhan Haat’ and National Genomic Centre for indigenous breeds. Rashtriya Gokul Mission launched to conserve and develop indigenous cow breeds. Fish production has increased from 95.72 lakh tones during 2013-14 to 101.64 tonnes during 2014-15 The fish production for 2015-16 is estimated at 107.9 lakh tones. The ‘Saving-cum-Relief’ component provided to fishermen during fishing ban /lean period of three months has been increased to Rs. 1500 per month under Blue Revolution scheme.

There has also been a significant increase in relief provided by Government. For the years 2010-2015, a provision of Rs. 33580.93 crore was made for State Disaster Response Fund. The same has been increased to Rs. 61220 crore for the period 2015-2020. A relief of only Rs. 12516.20 crore was approved between 2010-14 crore to the States affected by drought and hailstorm. The NDA Government in year 2014-15 alone approved an amount of Rs. 9017.998 crore as relief to the States affected by drought and hailstorm. During the year 2015-16, Rs. 13496.57 crore have already been approved for till now.